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spark source mass spectrometry

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Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 10
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1986
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v10.a0001737
EISBN: 978-1-62708-178-8
... Abstract Spark source mass spectrometry (SSMS) is an analytical technique used for determining the concentration of elements in a wide range of solid samples, including metals, semiconductors, ceramics, geological and biological materials, and air and water pollution samples. This article...
Image
Published: 15 December 2019
; SEM, scanning electron microscopy; SIMS, secondary ion mass spectroscopy, SSMS, spark source mass spectrometry; TEM, transmission electron microscopy; XPS, x-ray photoelectron spectroscopy; XRD, x-ray diffraction; XRS, x-ray spectrometry. (a) Limited number of elements or groups. (b) Under special More
Image
Published: 01 January 1986
Fig. 2 Relationship between photoplate blackening and ion exposure for spark source mass spectrometry. More
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 10
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1986
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v10.a0001726
EISBN: 978-1-62708-178-8
... the “Macro/Bulk” column, the “Quant” column, and the “Major” and “Minor” columns. This quickly shows that optical emission spectroscopy, spark source mass spectrometry, and x-ray spectrometry are potentially useful methods. The engineer can then refer to the summaries in the individual articles...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 10
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1986
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v10.a0005693
EISBN: 978-1-62708-178-8
... SSMS spark source mass spectrometry STEM scanning transmission electron microscopy TEM transmission electron microscopy TNAA thermal neutron activation analysis UV/VIS ultraviolet/visible (absorption spectroscopy) XPS x-ray photoelectron spectroscopy XRPD...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 10
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 December 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v10.a0006671
EISBN: 978-1-62708-213-6
..., optical emission spectroscopy; OM, optical metallography; RBS, Rutherford backscattering spectrometry; RS, Raman spectroscopy; SEM, scanning electron microscopy; SIMS, secondary ion mass spectroscopy, SSMS, spark source mass spectrometry; TEM, transmission electron microscopy; XPS, x-ray photoelectron...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 10
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 December 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v10.a0006648
EISBN: 978-1-62708-213-6
... of flight ( Ref 4 , 5 ). Originally, the rapid development of glow discharge mass spectrometry (GDMS) was partly motivated by the need to improve the handling capabilities and relatively poor precision (>10%) of spark source mass spectrometry. Currently, the advantageous features of GDMS include high...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006766
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... of short ultraviolet wavelengths absorbed by oxygen ( Ref 1 ). Fig. 1 Schematic of spark emission spectroscopy system. Source: Ref 1 Spark-emission OES is a mature analytical technique that is regularly used for analysis of ferrous and nonferrous materials. Sample preparation and analysis...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 10
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 December 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v10.a0006678
EISBN: 978-1-62708-213-6
... … Gas chromatography/mass spectrometry N N V • V V V V … … V V V V … High-temperature combustion N … … … … … N N … … N N N … … Image analysis … … … … … … … • • … … … … … • Inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 10
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1986
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v10.a0001776
EISBN: 978-1-62708-178-8
... by mass spectrometry. These include high-performance liquid chromatography/mass spectrometry (HPLC/MS) and mass spectrometry/mass spectrometry (MS/MS), both of which are discussed briefly below. Additional information can be found in the articles “Liquid Chromatography,” “Spark Source Mass Spectrometry...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 10
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 December 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v10.a0006641
EISBN: 978-1-62708-213-6
... increasing significantly. ICP-MS is more sensitive than the established atomic optical emission and atomic absorption spectrometers. ICP-MS analysis is also a more quantitative method compared with spark (or arc) source mass spectrometry, glow discharge mass spectrometry, secondary ion mass spectrometry...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 10
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 December 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v10.a0006651
EISBN: 978-1-62708-213-6
..., that is, observing positively or negatively charged species, while many analytes can only ionize in one mode. Various ionization mechanisms are discussed further in the article “Gas Analysis by Mass Spectrometry” in this Volume. Ionization sources, which serve as the introduction method to MS, can also result...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 10
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 December 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v10.a0006640
EISBN: 978-1-62708-213-6
... are used nowadays. For trace analysis of very low contents, techniques based on mass spectrometry (MS) have almost completely replaced the dc arcs. The sources used for OES also are the most common types used in MS instruments for elemental analysis: ICP-MS, laser ablation MS, and GD-MS. Calibration...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 10
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 December 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v10.a0006748
EISBN: 978-1-62708-213-6
... the sample is excited in the sources used for emission spectroscopy and absorption contrast. In transmission electron aliquot. A representative sample of a larger spark source mass spectrometry. microscopy, image contrast caused by dif- quantity. ferences in absorption within a sample due analytical line...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 10
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1986
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v10.a0005692
EISBN: 978-1-62708-178-8
..., and structure lacks crystalline periodicity; that copy and spark source mass spectrometry. molecules. is, the pattern of its constituent atoms or molecules does not repeat periodically in analytical line. In spectroscopy, the partic- absorptivity. A measure of radiant energy three dimensions. See also metallic...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 10
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1986
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v10.a0001729
EISBN: 978-1-62708-178-8
... of the laser microprobe, in which the spark source is replaced by the ICP. The pulse of focused laser energy samples only a small area on the sample surface. High temperatures achieved by the laser indicate that refractory components are also vaporized. As in the electrothermal case, the condensed aerosol can...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 10
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 December 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v10.a0006647
EISBN: 978-1-62708-213-6
... the use of a flame as an excitation source, combined with a prism as a dispersive system, to separate spectral lines, giving rise to the flame spectroscopy technique ( Ref 2 ). However, it was only in the 1960s that the first inductively coupled plasma optical emission spectrometer (ICP-OES), operating...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 10
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1986
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v10.9781627081788
EISBN: 978-1-62708-178-8
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 10
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 December 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v10.9781627082136
EISBN: 978-1-62708-213-6
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2013
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05a.a0005731
EISBN: 978-1-62708-171-9
... emission, atomic absorption, or atomic fluorescence spectrometry. Atomic absorption in flames is carried out using a principle that entails determination of the absorption at the line center using a narrow-line source emitting a given resonance line of the element, whose emission-line profile is less...