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Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003566
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... Abstract This article briefly reviews the analysis methods for spalling of striking tools with emphasis on field tests conducted by A.H. Burn and on the laboratory tests of H.O. McIntire and G.K. Manning and of J.W. Lodge. It focuses on the metallography and fractography of spalling...
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Published: 01 January 2006
Fig. 4 Spalling on precast concrete panels occurred in three years after exposure to seawater during shipment. Reinforcing bars are exposed. More
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Published: 01 January 2006
Fig. 26 Spalling of a plasma sprayed coating as a result of poor surface preparation prior to the application of the coating More
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Published: 01 January 2006
Fig. 12 Corrosion-induced spalling of overlying concrete on reinforced columns. See also Fig. 13 . More
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Published: 01 January 2002
Fig. 24 More severe material fracture/spalling on surface of disk made from tougher, medium-carbon alloy steel More
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Published: 01 October 2014
Fig. 29 An example of spalling in carburized SAE 4118 steel subjected to rolling contact loading. Courtesy of R. Miller, Colorado School of Mines, and T. Clements, Caterpillar Inc. More
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Published: 01 August 2013
Fig. 9 Spalling of a dual-phase FeB and Fe 2 B boride layer at a corner of AISI 1045 steel where outer portion of boride layer is cracking off the surface of the corner. (borided at 927 °C, or 1700 °F, for 6h) 100× More
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Published: 01 January 1987
Fig. 68 Spalling of the hard surface region of a rail head was caused by rolling-contact fatigue in service. The hard area was formed by localized overheating, probably by spinning locomotive wheels. (a) Section through rail head, with field side at top and gage side at bottom. (b) Rail More
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Published: 01 January 1987
Fig. 512 Surface of a spalling-fatigue fracture in a single tooth of a heavily loaded final-drive pinion of AISI 8620 steel, carburized and hardened to 60 HRC in the case, showing vertical scratches, which indicate that appreciable abrasive wear took place also. The surface ripples at right More
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Published: 01 January 2002
Fig. 25 Schematics of the degradation mechanisms of spalling, oxidation, and inward diffusion for coatings More
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Published: 01 January 2002
Fig. 18 Spalling of thermally sprayed WC-Co coating More
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Published: 01 January 2002
Fig. 8 Spalling fatigue failure resulting from artificially induced ring/cone cracks (SEM micrographs). (a) Single spall. (b) Double spall More
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Published: 01 January 2002
Fig. 11 Subsurface observation of spalling fatigue failure (optical micrograph) More
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Published: 01 January 2002
Fig. 2 First fixture used by Lodge to simulate spalling. Source: Ref 4 More
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Published: 01 January 2002
Fig. 3 Second fixture used by Lodge to simulate spalling. Courtesy of J.E. McGarry More
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Published: 01 January 2002
Fig. 6 Device used by Velez and Powell to investigate the spalling of 1060 steel. Source: Ref 5 More
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Published: 01 January 2002
Fig. 31 Another example of spalling caused by a quench crack. (a) 7×. (b) 28× More
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Published: 01 January 2002
Fig. 16 Damage from surface deterioration and spalling in the drawn-cup outer raceway of a needle-roller bearing because the rollers were overloaded at one end. More
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Published: 01 January 2002
Fig. 20 Spalling damage on the end of a shaft that served as roller-bearing raceway. The spalling was initiated at subsurface inclusions. More
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Published: 01 January 2002
Fig. 7 The surface of an AISI A4 primer cup plate showing spalling at one of the 3.2-mm ( 1 8 -in.) diam holes made by EDM. The surface was etched with 10% aqueous nitric acid to bring out the influence of the EDM operation at the spall. 2.5× More