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Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 21
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2001
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v21.a0003478
EISBN: 978-1-62708-195-5
... Abstract This article presents an overview of the material properties of carbon-carbon composites. It provides information on the applications of carbon-carbon composites in electronic thermal planes, spacecraft thermal doublers, spacecraft thermal shields, spacecraft radiators, and aircraft...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 21
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2001
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v21.a0003475
EISBN: 978-1-62708-195-5
... Abstract This article discusses composites for unmanned space vehicles and provides an overview of key design drivers, challenges, and environment for use of composites in spacecraft, launch vehicles, and missiles. It describes the design allowable properties of composite materials. The article...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 21
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2001
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v21.a0003396
EISBN: 978-1-62708-195-5
... Abstract Affordability is the key issue facing design engineers and manufacturers of composite components for current and next-generation aircraft, spacecraft, propulsion systems, and other advanced applications. This article describes software tools available for modeling and analyzing costs...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003120
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
... Abstract Superalloys are nickel, iron-nickel, and cobalt-base alloys generally used for high-temperature applications. Superalloys are used in aircraft, industrial, marine gas turbines, nuclear reactors, spacecraft structures, petrochemical production, orthopedic and dental prostheses, and...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 10
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 December 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v10.a0006635
EISBN: 978-1-62708-213-6
... preparing the reagent solution(s), for performing the spot test, and for interpreting the results, is also included. The article discusses two specialized applications of qualitative analysis, namely illicit drug identification and spacecraft drinking water quality testing. It also contains tables listing...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 6
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1993
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v06.a0001465
EISBN: 978-1-62708-173-3
... miscellaneous small and large pieces of disintegrated satellites, material jettisoned from spacecraft, and other miscellaneous material. This debris is travelling at very high speeds, and may not be in the same orbital path and direction as a spacecraft. A resulting high-speed collision, even with a small piece...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 21
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2001
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v21.a0003490
EISBN: 978-1-62708-195-5
... then, advanced composite materials have found many applications in aeronautical and spacecraft structures. Their inherent characteristics offered new capabilities and dramatic improvements to many aerospace structures and ensured their widespread application in performance-driven systems. Sports and...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 12
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1987
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v12.a0000631
EISBN: 978-1-62708-181-8
... orbit (LEO) on a silver solar cell interconnect. The pure silver foil, 40 μm (1.5 mil) thick, was exposed to the LEO environment for 40 h at 100 °C (210 °F) in the spacecraft velocity direction. The sample was flown on Space Shuttle flight 8. The original surface of the interconnect ( Fig. 1326 ) was...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 2B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v02b.a0006729
EISBN: 978-1-62708-210-5
... machinability and wear resistance, alloy 7020 also is widely used for mold applications and is produced as ring-rolled components in spacecraft applications. A hot-working processing map of alloy 7020 in a prior hot-forged condition is shown in Fig 1 . Flow stress values of alloy 7020 at different...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003165
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
... thermal conductivity (210 W/m · K, or 121 Btu/ft · h · F). Unalloyed beryllium is used in weapons, spacecraft, rocket nozzles, structural tubing, optical components, and precision instruments. The specific modulus, that is, the ratio of elastic modulus to density, is higher than that of aluminum...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2013
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05a.a0005711
EISBN: 978-1-62708-171-9
... addition to these power plants, propulsion for nuclear-powered surface ships, submarines, and spacecraft use similar nuclear fission technology. In the future, small modular nuclear reactors for local electricity and process heat generation may be deployed especially where electricity is currently not...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 21
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2001
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v21.a0003480
EISBN: 978-1-62708-195-5
... ). Spacecraft applications, in addition to electronic packaging, include radiators, radiator panel thermal doublers, and battery sleeves (Ref 25 , 26 , 28 , 29 , and 30 ). Additional information is provided in the article “Space Applications” in this Volume. The composite electronic packaging...
Book: Casting
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 15
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v15.a0005228
EISBN: 978-1-62708-187-0
... environment of orbiting spacecraft to study, among other subjects, solidification and crystal growth phenomena. Spacelab -, Russian Mir station-, and Shuttle-based experiments included investigations of fluids, biotechnology, combustion, fundamental physics, and materials science and provided researchers a...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 1995
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.emde.a0003064
EISBN: 978-1-62708-200-6
... new high-performance composites for spacecraft. Many types of composites, including organic resin and metal matrix composites, have applications in this area, but CCCs have unique applications when the temperature of the structural components exceeds 1000 °C (1830 °F), even for short periods of time...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 14B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v14b.a0005142
EISBN: 978-1-62708-186-3
... during forming. Three-roll bending has been used to form precision beryllium cylinders. The cylinders were joined by an electron beam fusion weld and are round within 0.5 mm (0.02 in.) total indicator reading on the diameter. Panels for the Agena spacecraft also have been formed to a 762 mm (30 in...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 6
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1993
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v06.a0001380
EISBN: 978-1-62708-173-3
... produce heat exchangers for refrigerators, solar panels, poultry incubators, electronic equipment temperature controllers, industrial heat exchangers, and special applications such as thermal control of spacecraft. Modifications of the process permit as many as six sheets to be welded at one time and...
Book: Casting
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 15
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v15.a0005339
EISBN: 978-1-62708-187-0
... components. (a) Automobile brake drum. (b) Apex insert for cyclone The extreme environment in space presents both a challenge and an opportunity for material scientists. In the near-Earth orbit, typical spacecrafts encounter naturally occurring phenomena such as vacuum, thermal radiation, atomic oxygen...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13b.a0003824
EISBN: 978-1-62708-183-2
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 6
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1993
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v06.a0001456
EISBN: 978-1-62708-173-3
... the brazing procedures required by each application can be quite distinct. Molybdenum is used in high-temperature structures and electronic devices. Tungsten is most commonly associated with filaments, heating elements, and welding electrodes. Niobium is widely used in spacecraft propulsion systems...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 18
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 31 December 2017
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v18.a0006436
EISBN: 978-1-62708-192-4
... for solid-lubricant-coated titanium tribomaterials include components such as compressor blades, uniball bearings, and bearing seal rings for gas turbine engines ( Ref 23 ) and gears for spacecraft mechanism actuators ( Ref 17 ). For the former application, pulse plating deposition of Cr-Mo on Ti-6Al...