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Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 21
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2001
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v21.a0003478
EISBN: 978-1-62708-195-5
...Abstract Abstract This article presents an overview of the material properties of carbon-carbon composites. It provides information on the applications of carbon-carbon composites in electronic thermal planes, spacecraft thermal doublers, spacecraft thermal shields, spacecraft radiators...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 21
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2001
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v21.a0003475
EISBN: 978-1-62708-195-5
...Abstract Abstract This article discusses composites for unmanned space vehicles and provides an overview of key design drivers, challenges, and environment for use of composites in spacecraft, launch vehicles, and missiles. It describes the design allowable properties of composite materials...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 21
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2001
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v21.a0003396
EISBN: 978-1-62708-195-5
...Abstract Abstract Affordability is the key issue facing design engineers and manufacturers of composite components for current and next-generation aircraft, spacecraft, propulsion systems, and other advanced applications. This article describes the software tools available for modeling...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 10
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 December 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v10.a0006635
EISBN: 978-1-62708-213-6
... the results, is also included. The article discusses two specialized applications of qualitative analysis, namely illicit drug identification and spacecraft drinking water quality testing. It also contains tables listing common presumptive tests for detecting anions and cations in aqueous solution...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003120
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
...Abstract Abstract Superalloys are nickel, iron-nickel, and cobalt-base alloys generally used for high-temperature applications. Superalloys are used in aircraft, industrial, marine gas turbines, nuclear reactors, spacecraft structures, petrochemical production, orthopedic and dental prostheses...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 6
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1993
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v06.a0001465
EISBN: 978-1-62708-173-3
..., one common cause of damage is “space debris,” or miscellaneous small and large pieces of disintegrated satellites, material jettisoned from spacecraft, and other miscellaneous material. This debris is travelling at very high speeds, and may not be in the same orbital path and direction as a spacecraft...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 21
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2001
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v21.a0003480
EISBN: 978-1-62708-195-5
... applications. One of the best examples is spacecraft, for which mass and thermal management are critical issues. Candidate Composite Materials A composite material can be defined as two or more materials bonded together ( Ref 2 ). Composites are nothing new in electronic packaging. For example, polymer...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 21
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2001
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v21.a0003490
EISBN: 978-1-62708-195-5
...% stronger than a metallic or wooden construction. Since then, advanced composite materials have found many applications in aeronautical and spacecraft structures. Their inherent characteristics offered new capabilities and dramatic improvements to many aerospace structures and ensured their widespread...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 12
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1987
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v12.a0000631
EISBN: 978-1-62708-181-8
... environment found in low earth orbit (LEO) on a silver solar cell interconnect. The pure silver foil, 40 μm (1.5 mil) thick, was exposed to the LEO environment for 40 h at 100 °C (210 °F) in the spacecraft velocity direction. The sample was flown on Space Shuttle flight 8. The original surface...
Book: Casting
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 15
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v15.a0005228
EISBN: 978-1-62708-187-0
... be able to take advantage of the reduced gravitational environment of orbiting spacecraft to study, among other subjects, solidification and crystal growth phenomena. Spacelab -, Russian Mir station-, and Shuttle-based experiments included investigations of fluids, biotechnology, combustion...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 1995
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.emde.a0003064
EISBN: 978-1-62708-200-6
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 2B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v02b.a0006729
EISBN: 978-1-62708-210-5
... machinability and wear resistance, alloy 7020 also is widely used for mold applications and is produced as ring-rolled components in spacecraft applications. A hot-working processing map of alloy 7020 in a prior hot-forged condition is shown in Fig 1 . Flow stress values of alloy 7020 at different...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2013
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05a.a0005711
EISBN: 978-1-62708-171-9
... to these power plants, propulsion for nuclear-powered surface ships, submarines, and spacecraft use similar nuclear fission technology. In the future, small modular nuclear reactors for local electricity and process heat generation may be deployed especially where electricity is currently not available...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003165
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
... (40% IACS) and thermal conductivity (210 W/m · K, or 121 Btu/ft · h · F). Unalloyed beryllium is used in weapons, spacecraft, rocket nozzles, structural tubing, optical components, and precision instruments. The specific modulus, that is, the ratio of elastic modulus to density, is higher than...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003554
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
..., atypical rupture of a rupture disc. (b) SEM fractograph of a failed rupture disc, showing intergranular crack propagation. 554×. Source: Ref 11 Carbon or Alloy Steel and Tin Spacecraft separation springs were cold coiled from 13 mm (0.5 in.) 9254 alloy steel high-strength rod ( Ref 12...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006786
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... Problems in Spacecraft and Space Boosters . Proc. William Hunt Eisenman Conf. on Failure Analysis , American Society for Metals , 1968. 13. Glackin J. , “Corrosion Resistance Properties and Susceptibility to Stress Alloying of Tin Plated EWB 22 Bolts and Tin-Nickel Plated NAS 624 Bolts...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 6
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1993
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v06.a0001380
EISBN: 978-1-62708-173-3
... for the application. The process has been used to produce heat exchangers for refrigerators, solar panels, poultry incubators, electronic equipment temperature controllers, industrial heat exchangers, and special applications such as thermal control of spacecraft. Modifications of the process permit as many...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 14B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v14b.a0005142
EISBN: 978-1-62708-186-3
.... The cylinders were joined by an electron beam fusion weld and are round within 0.5 mm (0.02 in.) total indicator reading on the diameter. Panels for the Agena spacecraft also have been formed to a 762 mm (30 in.) radius of curvature. There were two sizes of panels formed, 635 by 635 mm (25 by 25...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 6
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1993
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v06.a0001456
EISBN: 978-1-62708-173-3
... elements, and welding electrodes. Niobium is widely used in spacecraft propulsion systems and applications that require its corrosion resistance. The largest use of tantalum is for capacitors, followed by chemical processing equipment. Ductile-to-Brittle Transition Temperature (DBTT) DBTT...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 1995
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.emde.a0003067
EISBN: 978-1-62708-200-6