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solvent waste

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Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1994
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05.a0001223
EISBN: 978-1-62708-170-2
... and applications, and safety and health hazards of cold cleaning and vapor degreasing. It also includes information on control of contamination, conservation and recovery of solvent, and disposal of solvent wastes. cold cleaning contamination control safety and health hazards solvent cleaning solvent...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1994
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05.a0001224
EISBN: 978-1-62708-170-2
... solvent process selection criteria secondary cleaning solvent waste solvent waste disposal spray cleaning EMULSION CLEANING is an industrial cleaning process that uses an organic solvent as the main active agent. The solvent is usually a hydrocarbon of distilled petroleum dispersed in water...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1994
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05.a0001321
EISBN: 978-1-62708-170-2
... legislation to curtail pollution. The social revolution of the 1960s and 1970s brought the Clean Air Act and the Clean Water Act, but these did little but divert wastes to landfills. In 1980 the Resources Conservation and Recovery Act (RCRA) was passed for the purpose of tracking hazardous waste from...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2003
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13a.a0003691
EISBN: 978-1-62708-182-5
..., and Liability Act (CERCLA) or superfund addresses the current release of hazardous substances (e.g., solvents, lead, etc.) and addresses the cleanup of EPA-identified waste sites. CERCLA is enforceable on owners and contractors during industrial painting operations that result in excessive releases and can...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1994
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05.a0001324
EISBN: 978-1-62708-170-2
... by federal law as class 1 ozone depleting chemicals (ODC). The traditional vapor degreasing process is described in the article “Solvent Cold Cleaning and Vapor Degreasing” in this Volume. This present article discusses the regulatory mandates that affect the use of industrial degreasing methods...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 24A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 June 2023
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v24A.a0006960
EISBN: 978-1-62708-439-0
... is generated during further processing, provide exhaust ventilation. Disposal Solvents for removing support materials must be disposed of according to regional regulations. Dispose of in accordance with local regulations. Dispose of waste in accordance with environmental legislation...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 4A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2013
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v04a.a0005777
EISBN: 978-1-62708-165-8
... to the rinsing step. Disposal of waste soil is also an important step in the cleaning operation. In this step, the soils are removed from the solution so that the detergent or solvent can be reused and the soils can be recovered in a sufficiently pure form for either efficient disposal or possible reuse...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13C
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13c.a0004125
EISBN: 978-1-62708-184-9
... contributor to the generation of hazardous materials and hazardous waste for the Navy ( Ref 3 ). Volatile organic compounds, such as carrier solvents plasticizers, and heavy metal compounds, such as corrosion inhibitors and colorants, are being severely regulated, and coating formulations are being...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 10
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1986
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v10.a0001776
EISBN: 978-1-62708-178-8
... in a mixture as the best concentration for GC/MS analysis, consider the analysis of pollutants that may be present in very small quantities in a waste water stream. The compounds of interest are extracted from the waste water with a solvent, such as methylene chloride, and the solution is concentrated to give...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13C
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13c.a0004188
EISBN: 978-1-62708-184-9
... selecting process equipment materials to manufacture chemical products using organic or mixed solvents than when the process environments are only aqueous. Chemical companies handle this uncertainty by overdesigning the equipment (wasting money and energy), rather than by accepting increased risks...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1994
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05.a0001227
EISBN: 978-1-62708-170-2
... in disposal. The following considerations are important for proper disposal of waste material: solvent volumes should be as slow as possible; the solvent should be compatible with different waste disposal methods, and quantitative stabilization of the radioactive materials in solutions should be maintained...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 10
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 December 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v10.a0006636
EISBN: 978-1-62708-213-6
..., flexibility, ease of use, and cost. Understanding instrument capabilities is important when developing and troubleshooting analytical methods. Figure 2 shows the flow path from solvent reservoirs to waste. A single solvent reservoir may contain a premixed mobile phase, but generally, multiple reservoirs...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1994
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05.a0001326
EISBN: 978-1-62708-170-2
... Abstract Wipe solvents are used to remove contaminants from a workpiece before it undergoes manufacturing operations that require clean surfaces, such as bonding, sealing, painting, welding, plating, specialized surface treatment procedures, and others. This article describes the evaluation...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 1
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1990
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v01.a0001053
EISBN: 978-1-62708-161-0
... additional steps, including secondary nickel refining, degreasing, and separation of metallurgical wastes. iron scrap scrap demand scrap processor scrap recycling industry stainless steel scrap superalloy scrap metal recycling RECYCLING can be simply defined as the use of a material over...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13C
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13c.a0004143
EISBN: 978-1-62708-184-9
.... The primary disadvantages of chemical cleaning are the possibility of excessive equipment corrosion and the expense of waste disposal. Chemical cleaning solvents must be evaluated in a corrosion test program before acceptance for use. Chemical Cleaning Methods There are six major chemical cleaning...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 September 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05b.a0006061
EISBN: 978-1-62708-172-6
.../gal 7668 $3.95 $30,289 Lighting for night work/mo 0 $500 $0 Total equipment $904,793 Other costs Item Qty Rate Cost Waste disposal/ton 6.8 $300 $2040 Worker health & safety/mo 10.0 $2000 $20,000 Testing (H 2 O)/LS 4.0 $2000 $8000 Testing (soil)/LS...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13C
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13c.a0004137
EISBN: 978-1-62708-184-9
... can be used in such applications as mist elimination, where temperatures are lower. For example, polypropylene can withstand 80 °C (175 °F). Rubber linings can also be used where temperatures are suitable and mechanical damage can be avoided. Waste Incineration In a number of ways, the problems...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2003
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13a.a0003715
EISBN: 978-1-62708-182-5
... species. Molten Salt Corrosion Thermodynamics Molten salts constitute a special environment of importance in a number of technologies. There is no solvent analogous to water in molten salts. A specific potential scale must be established for each medium, as described in the article “Molten Salt...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1994
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05.a0001221
EISBN: 978-1-62708-170-2
... compounds from magnetic particle and fluorescent penetrant inspection. The cleaning processes include emulsion cleaning, electrolytic alkaline cleaning, acid cleaning, solvent cleaning, vapor degreasing, alkaline cleaning, ultrasonic cleaning, and glass bead cleaning. The article provides guidelines...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 September 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05b.a0006025
EISBN: 978-1-62708-172-6
... is not equal. Some methods of application simply are more efficient (have higher transfer efficiency) than others. Transfer efficiency is the percentage of coating that reaches the surface versus waste. Transfer efficiency not only involves the capabilities of the application equipment but also the application...