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solvated proton transfer

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Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2003
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13a.a0003580
EISBN: 978-1-62708-182-5
... types of reactions for calculation and construction of E-pH diagrams: electrochemical reactions of pure charge (electron) transfer; reactions involving both electron and solvated proton transfer; and acid-base reactions of pure solvated proton transfer. It illustrates the practical use of E-pH diagrams...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2003
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13a.a0003579
EISBN: 978-1-62708-182-5
... neglected for pressures not too far from 1 bar). The usual convention is to assign the value 0 to the chemical potentials of the elements in their stable form and standard state at 25 °C (77 °F), for example, pure gaseous H 2 and O 2 at fugacity equal to 1 bar, solvated protons at activity unity. Hence...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2003
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13a.a0003594
EISBN: 978-1-62708-182-5
... serve as high-temperature reducing agents in the production of metals (such as the use of molten magnesium to produce titanium), and, because of their excellent heat- transfer properties, liquid metals have been used or considered as coolants in a variety of power- producing systems. Examples...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 10
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 December 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v10.a0006629
EISBN: 978-1-62708-213-6
.... In this definition, acids (HA) are species that donate protons to yield the conjugate base A − , and bases (B) are species that accept protons to yield the conjugate acid BH + ( Ref 5 ). Their generic hydrolysis reactions (reactions with water) are shown, along with a presentation of their equilibrium constant...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003169
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 20
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1997
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v20.a0002471
EISBN: 978-1-62708-194-8
... of individual atomic steps that may be described overall by Eq 1 . In essence, a metal atom combines with z solvating water molecules ( z H 2 O) and goes into solution as a solvated cation (M n + · z H 2 O), liberating n electrons into the underlying metal substrate. Alternatively, the metal atom may...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 10
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1986
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v10.a0001731
EISBN: 978-1-62708-178-8
... to be taken in the field for on-site analyses. Ultraviolet/visible absorption spectros-copy can be used as a qualitative tool to identify and characterize molecular species (including solvated molecular ions) and as a quantitative tool to assess the quantities of inorganic, organic, and biochemical...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 10
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 December 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v10.9781627082136
EISBN: 978-1-62708-213-6
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 10
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1986
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v10.9781627081788
EISBN: 978-1-62708-178-8
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 1995
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.emde.9781627082006
EISBN: 978-1-62708-200-6
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 1995
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.emde.a0003068
EISBN: 978-1-62708-200-6
... of light-opaque materials: receipt, to determine whether an individual lot of mate- Sound waves generated by a piezoelectric transducer ablation. A self-regnlating heat and mass transfer rials conforms to the purchase order or contract or to are focused by a sapphire crystal through water onto a process...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13C
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13c.a0004145
EISBN: 978-1-62708-184-9
... coolant around the reactor internals, the majority of currently operating designs rely on external recirculation pumps and internal jet pumps to control coolant transport and heat transfer within the core. There are differences in specific design details between the various BWR reactor manufacturers...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 8
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2000
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v08.a0003309
EISBN: 978-1-62708-176-4