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solute-rich beta alloys

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Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 19
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1996
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v19.a0002409
EISBN: 978-1-62708-193-1
... in the article include alpha-beta alloys, Ti-6AI-4V; alpha alloys, Ti-8Al -1Mo-IV, Ti-5AI-2.5Sn, Ti-6242S; and beta alloys, solute-lean beta alloys and solute-rich beta alloys. alpha alloys alpha-beta alloys beta alloys fatigue fracture modes fatigue life fracture toughness mechanical strength...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 9
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2004
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v09.a0003779
EISBN: 978-1-62708-177-1
... and “near-beta.” This distinction is necessary, because the phase transformations that occur, the reaction kinetics, and the processing could be different if the alloy is a near-beta (lean) alloy, such as Ti-10V-2Fe-3Al, or a rich beta alloy, such as Ti-13V-11Cr-3Al. Further information...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 4E
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2016
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v04e.a0006270
EISBN: 978-1-62708-169-6
... as follows: Alpha and near-alpha titanium alloys: Can be stress relieved and annealed, but high strength cannot be developed in these alloys by aging after a solution treatment and quench. However, creep, fatigue strength, and damage tolerance can be influenced by heat treatment. Alpha-beta...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 2
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1990
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v02.a0001081
EISBN: 978-1-62708-162-7
... max each, 0.4 max total. (c) 0.1 max each, 0.3 max total. (d) Alloy Ti-17 is an α-rich near-β alloy that might be classified as an α-β alloy, depending on heat treatment. (e) 0.005 max Y and 0.03 max B The most widely used titanium alloy is the Ti-6Al-4V alpha-beta alloy. This alloy...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 4E
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2016
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v04e.a0006274
EISBN: 978-1-62708-169-6
... the last decade ( Ref 7 ). The magnesium-silicon ratio for maximum strengthening is probably closer to 1.73 for solute-rich alloys such as 6082 and 6061 ( Ref 8 ). Aluminum-Silicon Casting Alloys (3xx.0) with Magnesium and/or Copper The aluminum-silicon casting alloys (3xx.0) with magnesium...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003140
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
... primarily of α and behave more like conventional α alloys than α-β alloys. Alpha-Beta Alloys Alpha-beta alloys contain one or more α stabilizers or α-soluble elements plus one or more β stabilizers. These alloys retain more β phase after solution treatment than do near-α alloys, the specific amount...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 6
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1993
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v06.a0001415
EISBN: 978-1-62708-173-3
... such as welding and forming requirements, normally provide the criteria that determine the alloy composition, structure (alpha, near-alpha, alpha-beta, or metastable beta), heat treatment (some variant of either annealing or solution treating and aging), and level of process control selected or prescribed...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 22A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2009
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v22a.a0005409
EISBN: 978-1-62708-196-2
..., equiaxed alpha and secondary (lamellar) alpha in alpha/beta titanium alloys during cooling following heat treatment in the alpha+beta phase field Precipitation of acicular/lamellar alpha in alpha/beta and near-beta alloys following beta solution treatment The following discussion focuses...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 4E
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2016
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v04e.a0006253
EISBN: 978-1-62708-169-6
.... Fig. 2 Basic types of titanium alloying elements. (a) Alpha stabilizers (such as solute addition of aluminum, oxygen, nitrogen, carbon, or gallium), where the dotted phase boundaries refer specifically to the titanium-aluminum system. (b) Isomorphous beta stabilizers (such as solute additions...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 4E
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2016
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v04e.a0006275
EISBN: 978-1-62708-169-6
... Abstract This article discusses the various heat treating processes, namely, solid-solution hardening, solution treating, solution aging and dispersion hardening, for low-melting-point alloys such as lead alloys, tin-rich alloys, and zinc alloys. Heat treating of tin-rich alloys has been...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 4E
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2016
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v04e.a0006286
EISBN: 978-1-62708-169-6
... to produce exceptional structures from β alloys. The principal advantages of β alloys are that they have high hardenability, good cold formability in the solution-treated condition, and can be hardened to fairly high strength levels. Beta alloys typically are formed or otherwise fabricated...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003141
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
... that incompletely respond to heat treatment, and for this reason microstructural standards have been established for allowable limits on β flecks in various α-β alloys. Beta flecks are more objectionable in β-rich α-β alloys than in leaner alloys and are not acceptable in β alloys. Primary Fabrication...
Book: Casting
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 15
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v15.a0005337
EISBN: 978-1-62708-187-0
... resistance to intermediate temperatures. Excellent formability can be expected in the solution-treated condition. Beta-type alloys also have good combinations of properties in thin and heavy sections. Effects of Alloying Elements Alloying elements in titanium are classified into α or β stabilizing...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 14B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v14b.a0005146
EISBN: 978-1-62708-186-3
... plus one or more β stabilizers. These alloys retain more β phase after final heat treatment than near-α alloys; the specific amount depends on the amount of β stabilizers present and on the solution heat treating temperature and time. Alpha-beta alloys can be strengthened by solution treating...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2003
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13a.a0003618
EISBN: 978-1-62708-182-5
... aluminum alloys intermetallic constituent particles trace impurity elements pitting corrosion solid solution aluminum THE METALLURGICAL EFFECTS on corrosion of aluminum can be classified into two categories. In the first category are effects from insoluble, intermetallic constituent particles...
Book: Casting
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 15
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v15.a0005332
EISBN: 978-1-62708-187-0
... microstructure. Higher levels of zinc promote mixed microstructure in alloys known as alpha-beta brass. Tin Tin is the oldest known alloying element in copper and is a key alloying element in many bronzes. Tin is also a potent solid-solution strengthener in copper, even more so than zinc, because less tin...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 22A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2009
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v22a.a0005401
EISBN: 978-1-62708-196-2
... growth of materials that have been prior hot or cold worked is addressed. Beta Grain Growth Beta annealing is often used for alpha/beta titanium alloys to develop a transformed-beta microstructure for fracture-critical aerospace applications. Beta annealing is also applied as a solution treatment...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1994
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05.a0001311
EISBN: 978-1-62708-170-2
... reoxidation of the product during processing as a possible solution. Metallurgical Restrictions on Descaling Solution-treated, age-hardenable titanium alloys are sensitive to time-temperature reactions and the temperatures of descaling media. The metastable or high-beta alloys, which are solution...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003204
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
... of softening desired. Except for the low-temperature stabilization treatment sometimes given for 5 xxx series alloys (which is a mill treatment and not discussed in this article), complete or partial annealing treatments are the only ones used for non-heat-treatable alloys. Precipitation from Solid Solution...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 20
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1997
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v20.a0002462
EISBN: 978-1-62708-194-8
... be found in Ref 2 , 3 , 10 , 11 , and 17 . The eutectic reaction is illustrated by the aluminum-copper system ( Fig. 1 ). When the liquidus temperature of aluminum-rich alloys is reached during solidification, the liquid begins to solidify into a solid solution of copper in aluminum (α-aluminum...