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solute trapping

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Book: Casting
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 15
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v15.a0005209
EISBN: 978-1-62708-187-0
... the solute build-up at the solid-liquid interface forming transients and steady state, the morphological stability/instability and perturbation theory, and rapid solidification effects, including solute trapping and oscillatory instabilities. The article presents a microstructural selection map that presents...
Book: Casting
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 15
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v15.a0005226
EISBN: 978-1-62708-187-0
...” are discussed in the text. Interfacial Nonequilibrium For extremely rapid liquid-solid interface freezing rates (1 m/s velocity, or 3 ft/s), the local interfacial equilibrium assumption breaks down. Solute can be trapped into the freezing solid at levels exceeding the equilibrium value of solid...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 20
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1997
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v20.a0002494
EISBN: 978-1-62708-194-8
... Electrocoating Allow for electrical contact to be made on nonsignificant surfaces Avoid features that could trap air and prevent wetting by process solutions Provide good natural drainage or use drainage holes on nonsignificant surfaces to minimize carryover Avoid thin cross sections or intricate...
Image
Published: 01 January 2005
Fig. 3 Poor (a) and good (b) designs for heating of solutions. Poor design creates hot spots (circled area) that may induce boiling under the heater at the bottom of the vessel or may cause deposits to form between heaters and vessel walls. Good design avoids hot spots and pockets in which small More
Book Chapter

By Bruce Craig
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2003
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13a.a0003634
EISBN: 978-1-62708-182-5
..., carbide particles, individual solute atoms). They may also be reversible or irreversible traps. Short-duration trapping of hydrogen in which the occupancy time is limited is referred to as reversible. A long residency time for hydrogen characterized by a high binding energy is termed irreversible trapping...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 10
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1986
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v10.a0001746
EISBN: 978-1-62708-178-8
... solution and can be highly corrosive to the system. The most common halogen trap material is antimony metal, which has a high affinity for fluorides and chlorides. Because different types of carbon form at different temperatures, and a resistance furnace can maintain preset temperatures, hydrocarbons...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 3
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 27 April 2016
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v03.a0006224
EISBN: 978-1-62708-163-4
... and higher-component alloys, it requires knowledge of the tie lines. An alloy that is not in equilibrium after solidification can be the result of a phase failing to nucleate, incomplete diffusion, or solute trapping. The description of such solidification processes with equilibrium phase diagram...
Book: Casting
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 15
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v15.a0005230
EISBN: 978-1-62708-187-0
... the loading of castings in the furnace. Blistering is another problem often observed with castings during solution heat treatment. During casting, gases are adsorbed and often trapped beneath the surface. During solution heat treatment, these trapped gases expand and result in blistering. Quenching...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1994
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05.a0001253
EISBN: 978-1-62708-170-2
... of gold loss, and it is an environmental advantage to reduce the amount of processing needed to purify the waste stream before discharge. Many factors affect dragout: The thickness of the gold plated The shape of the part to be plated The number of holes or other solution-trapping...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 24
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 June 2020
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v24.a0006561
EISBN: 978-1-62708-290-7
...Abstract Abstract This article focuses on various vacuum heat treating processes for additively manufactured parts, namely annealing and stress relieving, solid-solution annealing, and solution treating and aging. It addresses several practical concerns involved in using vacuum heat treatment...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1994
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05.a0001226
EISBN: 978-1-62708-170-2
... the cleaning process to allow the cleaning solution to reach the area where air was previously trapped. This can be accomplished either manually, by the attending operator, or by a rotating arm on an automated lift mechanism. It is best if small parts can be physically separated when placed in a basket...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1994
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05.a0001315
EISBN: 978-1-62708-170-2
.... The normal sequence of preparation steps prior to painting or electroplating of zinc alloy die castings includes: Mechanical finishing to smooth parting lines and rough or defective surfaces, plus buffing, if necessary Solvent degreasing or aqueous-based solution degreasing followed by rinsing...
Book: Casting
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 15
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v15.a0005206
EISBN: 978-1-62708-187-0
.... An alloy that is not in equilibrium after solidification can be the result of a phase failing to nucleate, incomplete diffusion, or solute trapping. The description of such solidification processes with equilibrium phase diagram information alone is not possible. However, for most alloys where...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 22B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2010
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v22b.a0005513
EISBN: 978-1-62708-197-9
... solutions for automating various components of additive manufacturing simulation. laser deposition laser-additive manufacturing thermomechanical properties ADDITIVE MANUFACTURING produces change in the shape of a substrate by adding material progressively. This addition of material can...