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solidification cracking

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Published: 31 October 2011
Fig. 23 Schematic indicating projected echanism of solidification cracking in an electroslag weldment. Source: Ref 54 , 55 More
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Published: 30 August 2021
Fig. 6 Effect of weld geometry on solidification cracking susceptibility. Reprinted from Ref 10 with permission from The Lincoln Electric Company More
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Published: 01 January 1993
Fig. 17 Schematic indicating projected mechanism of solidification cracking in an electroslag weldment. Source: Ref 54 , 55 More
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Published: 01 January 1993
Fig. 7 Relationship between solidification cracking susceptibility and Cr eq /Ni eq ratio. Boundary between cracking and no cracking at Cr eq /Ni eq = 1.5 corresponds to change in solidification mode from primary austenite below 1.5 to primary ferrite above 1.5. Source: Ref 18 More
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Published: 01 January 1993
Fig. 10 Pulsed Nd:YAG laser-beam weld exhibiting severe solidification cracking as a consequence of primary austenite solidification, Cr eq /Ni eq = 1.6. Source: Ref 28 More
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Published: 01 January 1993
Fig. 11 Diagram for predicting weld solidification cracking susceptibility of pulsed laser welds in austenitic stainless steels. Note WRC equivalents are used. Source: Ref 28 More
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Published: 30 June 2023
Fig. 3 Occurrence of solidification cracking shown on (a) a micrograph (courtesy of TWI) and (b) a chart. Source: Ref 24 More
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Published: 30 June 2023
Fig. 6 Solidification cracks found in aluminum 7075. (a) Cracks along the build direction. (b) Crack-initiation sites due to the presence of porosity in the microstructure. Source: Ref 51 More
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Published: 01 January 1993
Fig. 2 Effect of alloying additions on solidification crack sensitivity of selected aluminum alloy systems. (a) Aluminum-lithium. (b) Aluminum-silicon. (c) Aluminum-copper. (d) Aluminum-magnesium. (e) Aluminum-magnesium silicide. Source: Ref 1 , 3 , 4 , 5 , and 6 More
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Published: 01 January 1993
Fig. 8 Solidification crack in electron-beam weld along weld center in region where solidification occurred as primary austenite as a result of higher solidification and cooling rates More
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Published: 01 January 1993
Fig. 12 SEM fractograph showing surface of fusion zone solidification crack in gas-tungsten arc welded Ti-6Al-6V-2Sn. Source: Ref 18 More
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Published: 01 January 1993
Fig. 1 Solidification crack in a pulsed Nd:YAG laser weld joining Hastelloy C-276 to 17-4 PH stainless steel. YAG, yttrium-aluminum-garnet More
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Published: 01 January 1993
Fig. 2 Surface of a solidification crack in an alloy 214 varestraint test specimen More
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 6
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1993
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v06.a0001410
EISBN: 978-1-62708-173-3
... behavior and microstructural evolution that dictate weld-metal ferrite content and morphology. The article describes weld defect formation, namely, solidification cracking, heat-affected zone liquation cracking, weld-metal liquation cracking, copper contamination cracking, ductility dip cracking, and weld...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 24
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 June 2020
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v24.a0006582
EISBN: 978-1-62708-290-7
... cracking mechanisms in AM nickel-base superalloys, such as solid-solution-strengthened nickel-base superalloys and precipitate-strengthened nickel-base superalloys. The mechanisms include solidification cracking, strain-age cracking, liquation cracking, and ductility-dip cracking. The article also provides...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 12
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1987
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v12.a0000609
EISBN: 978-1-62708-181-8
... Abstract This article is an atlas of fractographs that helps in understanding the causes and mechanisms of fracture of ASTM/ASME alloy steels and in identifying and interpreting the morphology of fracture surfaces. The fractographs illustrate the solidification cracking, creep failure, brittle...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 6A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 31 October 2011
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v06a.a0005566
EISBN: 978-1-62708-174-0
...: solid, cored, and strip. The article highlights the factors to be considered for controlling the welding process, including fit-up of work, travel speed, and flux depth. It also evaluates the defects that occur in SAW: lack of fusion, slag entrapment, solidification cracking, and hydrogen cracking...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 6
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1993
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v06.a0001359
EISBN: 978-1-62708-173-3
... depth on weld bead characteristics. The article concludes with information on weld defects, such as lack of fusion, slag entrapment, solidification cracking, hydrogen cracking, or porosity. electrical stickout flux layer depth fusible flux granular flux hydrogen cracking lack of fusion...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 6
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1993
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v06.a0001432
EISBN: 978-1-62708-173-3
... Abstract This article discusses the susceptibility of carbon steels to hydrogen-induced cracking, solidification cracking, lamellar tearing, weld metal porosity, and heat-affected zone (HAZ) mechanical property variations. The composition and mechanical properties of selected carbon steels used...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 24
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 June 2020
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v24.a0006557
EISBN: 978-1-62708-290-7
... collapse, gas porosity, solidification cracking, solid-state cracking, and surface-connected porosity. The types of defects in solid-state/sintering processes are sintering porosity and improper binder burnout. The article also discusses defect-mitigation strategies, such as postprocess machining, surface...