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solid-state welding

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Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 17
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2018
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v17.a0006477
EISBN: 978-1-62708-190-0
... the methods performed on various types of flaws resulting from solid-state welding processes. eddy current nondestructive evaluation solid-state welding ultrasound testing X-ray radiography A NUMBER OF NONDESTRUCTIVE EVALUATION (NDE) methods, such as visual, liquid penetrant, magnetic...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 6A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 31 October 2011
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v06a.9781627081740
EISBN: 978-1-62708-174-0
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003209
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
... Abstract This article describes the mechanism, advantages and disadvantages, fundamentals, capabilities, variations, equipment used, and weldability of metals in solid-state welding processes, including diffusion bonding, explosion welding, friction welding, ultrasonic welding, upset welding...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003205
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
... Abstract This article discusses different types of joining processes, including welding, brazing, soldering, mechanical fastening, and adhesive bonding. It examines two broad classes of welding: fusion welding and solid-state welding. The article discusses the process selection considerations...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 1995
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.emde.a0003021
EISBN: 978-1-62708-200-6
... initial heating of the interface to the melting point as a result of coulomb friction. Phase II involves melting and unsteady material flow in the lateral direction. In phase III, melting and flow are at a steady state, and weld penetration (the decrease in the melted zone width that is due to lateral...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 6
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1993
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v06.9781627081733
EISBN: 978-1-62708-173-3
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003208
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
...; they use only the parent metal with no added filler. In conduction-limited LBW, the metal absorbs the laser beam at the work surface. The subsurface region is heated entirely by thermal conduction. Conduction-limited LBW uses solid-state and moderate-power carbon dioxide (CO 2 ) lasers and is normally...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003206
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
... process in which the arc is concealed by a blanket of granular and fusible flux. Heat for SAW is generated by an arc between a bare, solid-metal (or cored) consumable-wire or strip electrode and the workpiece. The arc is maintained in a cavity of molten flux or slag, which refines the weld metal and...
Book: Casting
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 15
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v15.a0005345
EISBN: 978-1-62708-187-0
... can be performed using either SMAW or GTAW fusion arc processes in the field or in the shop. Other fusion arc, solid-state, resistance, and special processes can be used to repair weld these cast materials where conditions and costs are not prohibitive, but these cases represent a smaller portion of...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 4B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 September 2014
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v04b.a0005924
EISBN: 978-1-62708-166-5
... Abstract Induction heating has many different applications, such as melting, heating stock for forging, and heat treating. This article begins with a discussion on the types of power supplies, namely, solid-state power supplies and oscillator tubes. It provides information on system elements...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 1995
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.emde.a0003054
EISBN: 978-1-62708-200-6
... resistance, and other properties. This article discusses the fundamentals of sintering and its effects on pore structures and particle density. It addresses some of the more common sintering methods, including solid-state, liquid-phase, and gas pressure sintering, and presents alternative processes such as...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 1995
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.emde.a0003043
EISBN: 978-1-62708-200-6
... to flow together, such as when metal surfaces melt and flow together during welding. In cohesive bonding, there is an intermingling of molecules between substrates. In thermoplastics and thermoplastic composites (TPCs), the fusion process involves heating the polymer to a viscous state and physically...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 23
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v23.a0005680
EISBN: 978-1-62708-198-6
... induce solid-state diffusion, in the absence of melting. Heat generated during laser welding causes peak temperatures to typically surpass the liquidus and result in the occurrence of fusion bonding. However, during RMW, the process parameters can be controlled to attain either bonding mechanism...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003096
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
..., sheet, strip, or plate into a hollow cylinder and welding the resulting longitudinal seam together or by generating an opening in a solid cylinder by piercing and elongating the resultant hollow cylinder. The first group of products is called welded and the second group, seamless. In producing...
Book: Casting
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 15
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v15.a0009020
EISBN: 978-1-62708-187-0
... by making engineering sketches is an effective way to rapidly improve system geometry. An elegant result of a good brainstorming markup session can be a solid model of the casting and its process geometry, the basis of rapid prototyping and/or computerized testing. The objective is to explore...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 17
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2018
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v17.a0006449
EISBN: 978-1-62708-190-0
... elsewhere in this Volume. Additional information on the inspection of pipe and pipelines, including the examination of field-welded girth welds, is available in the article “Nondestructive Evaluation of Solid-State Welds,” in this Volume. The selection of inspection methods depends on the information...
Book: Casting
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 15
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v15.a0005322
EISBN: 978-1-62708-187-0
...-0.98Cr-0.15P-0.024S). Carbon equivalent: 3.7%. White area is iron carbide (cementite). Gray areas are solidified as austenite and were transformed to pearlite during solid-state cooling. Etched with 2% nital. Original magnification: 100×. Contributed to ASM Online Micrograph Center by L.E. Samuels. (b...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003217
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
.... Lead-tin alloy coatings are widely known as terne coatings, from the French word that describes their characteristically dull surface appearance. Generally, 3 to 15% Sn is added to the hot dip bath to facilitate wetting of the steel substrate. The solid solubility of tin in lead is very small, and it...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 17
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2018
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v17.a0006473
EISBN: 978-1-62708-190-0
... the NDT Resource Center and Center for NDE, Iowa State University Three types of standard blocks are ordinarily used for calibration or reference: area-amplitude blocks, distance-amplitude blocks, and blocks of the type sanctioned by the International Institute of Welding. These blocks must be...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1994
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05.a0001303
EISBN: 978-1-62708-170-2
... processes in which divided molten metallic or nonmetallic material is sprayed onto a prepared substrate to form a coating. The sprayed material is originally in the form of wire, rod, or powder. As the coating materials are fed through the spray unit, they are heated to a molten or plastic state and...