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solid particle erosive wear testing

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Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006795
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... resistance to environmental degradation (more significant during erosion with low flux rate) ( Ref 86 , 88 , 89 ). Erosive wear occurs in many situations where a large number of small solid or liquid particles impact against a surface or where the collapse of gas-filled bubbles in a cavitating liquid...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006793
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... Abstract Impact or percussive wear is defined as the wear of a solid surface that is due to percussion, which is a repetitive exposure to dynamic contact by another body. Impact wear, however, has many analogies to the field of erosive wear. The main difference is that, in impact wear...
Book Chapter

By Peter J. Blau
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003242
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
... Slurry Abrasivity (Miller Number) and Slurry Abrasion Resistance Response of Materials (SAR Number) Mass loss Erosive wear, solid particles G 76 Test Method for Conducting Erosion Tests by Solid Particle Impingement Using Gas Jets Mass loss Fretting wear D 4170 Test Method for Fretting Wear...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006789
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... damage of the worn products after the tribological process. Then, the article describes some examples of wear processes, considering possible transitions and/or interactions of the mechanism of fretting wear, rolling-sliding wear, abrasive wear, and solid-particle erosion wear. The role of tribological...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006764
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... micrometers to kilometers Any solid structures including concrete, aircraft, nuclear components, etc. Vibration analysis Accelerometers, velocimeters, and/or displacement sensors measure local displacements. Analysis includes amplitude, frequency, and differential measurements Changes may indicate...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 23
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v23.a0005677
EISBN: 978-1-62708-198-6
... of tests have been performed. Some of these are described below. Most simulation studies evaluate physiological wear. Few dies have dealt with prophylactic wear. Microfilled composites subjected to brushing abrasion with a dentifrice wore 5 to 10 times faster than large-particle...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006796
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... Abstract Erosion of a solid surface can be brought about by liquid droplet impingement (LDI), which is defined as "progressive loss of original material from a solid surface due to continued exposure to erosion by liquid droplets." In this article, the emphasis is placed on the damage mechanism...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 1995
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.emde.a0003057
EISBN: 978-1-62708-200-6
... pressed powder pellets in which the sample powder (with or without a binder) is compressed to produce a solid disk of powder. The advantages of using the fusion procedure to prepare samples for XRFS analysis, rather than pressed powder pellets, are: Both the mineralogical and particle size effects...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006791
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
..., resulting in intensified erosive and abrasive wear. Experimental results have even shown a much higher probability of wear-particle generation due to asperity contacts during adhesive wear compared to, for example, abrasive wear ( Ref 22 ). A possible mechanism for third-body particle formation in an...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006794
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... Conducting Erosion Tests by Solid Particle Impingement Using Gas Jets,” G 76, Corrosion of Metals; Wear and Erosion , Vol 03.02, Annual Book of ASTM Standards , ASTM International, 2019. (d) Cavitation-corrosion tester. Source: Ref 29 . Reproduced with permission from “Standard Test Method for Cavitation...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006753
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... material, which are discussed in the following sections along with examples. The tools available for failure analysis are then covered. Further, the article describes the categories of mode of failure: distortion or undesired deformation, fracture, corrosion, and wear. It provides information on the...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 8
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2000
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v08.9781627081764
EISBN: 978-1-62708-176-4
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 23
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v23.a0005683
EISBN: 978-1-62708-198-6
... reacting surface atoms change from the metallic state into an ionic state and electrons are liberated; the metal products (positive ions, cations) either dissolve in the electrolyte or form solid substances, such as oxides. (It is important that oxides can form by electrochemical reactions of the metal...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 September 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05b.a0006063
EISBN: 978-1-62708-172-6
... phase to rigid solid as the coating cures. Thermoplastic coatings melt above a specified temperature and resume their solid form on cooling. Material properties change most rapidly through the glass transition ( T g ) region, the temperature at which the polymeric material goes from a hard, glasslike...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006790
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
..., abrasion; low-stress, or scratching, abrasion; and solid-particle erosion. In addition to the aforementioned classification scheme, the term two- and three-body abrasive wear , that is, components of sliding abrasion, has also been used to discriminate between abrasion modes. As...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 14A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v14a.a0003976
EISBN: 978-1-62708-185-6
... workpiece, the coatings are made of soft material with good adhesion, lubricity, and low shear strength. In cold forming, for example, phosphate coatings are used to reduce interface friction and die wear ( Ref 51 ). Resin-bonded coatings containing solid lubricants have also been successfully used ( Ref 52...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003104
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
... classification was used in Friction, Lubrication, and Wear Technology , Volume 18 of ASM Handbook: Wear by particles or fluids Abrasive wear Polishing wear Solid particle erosion Cavitation erosion Liquid impingement erosion Slurry erosion Wear by rolling, sliding, or impact...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 1995
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.emde.a0003054
EISBN: 978-1-62708-200-6
... resistance, and other properties. This article discusses the fundamentals of sintering and its effects on pore structures and particle density. It addresses some of the more common sintering methods, including solid-state, liquid-phase, and gas pressure sintering, and presents alternative processes such as...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1994
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05.a0001303
EISBN: 978-1-62708-170-2
... predominant hard phases in nickel-base hardfacing alloys. Combined carbon plus boron contents generally range up to 5 wt%. The specific carbide and/or boride phases that form are determined by matrix alloying additions. Hardfacing alloys usually are available as bare rod, flux-coated rod, long-length solid...
Book: Casting
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 15
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v15.a0005318
EISBN: 978-1-62708-187-0
... service. (b) Die closed after shot The rate of heat removal is such that cooling is significant even during the filling process. Therefore, superheat and latent heat are transferred to the die before the alloy is stationary. The metal remote from the gate will be partially solid before the end of...