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solid oxide fuel cells

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Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13C
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13c.a0004136
EISBN: 978-1-62708-184-9
... relevant for solid oxide fuel cell interconnection Table 2 Comparison of nickel-base alloy and ferritic stainless steel properties relevant for solid oxide fuel cell interconnection Property Nickel-base 230 (a) Stainless steel (b) Composition Ni-22Cr-14W-2Mo-0.5Mn Fe-22Cr-0.5Mn UNS...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13C
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13c.a0004135
EISBN: 978-1-62708-184-9
... types: phosphoric acid fuel cell (PAFC), solid polymer electrolyte fuel cell, alkaline electrolyte fuel cell, molten carbonate fuel cell (MCFC), and solid oxide fuel cell. The article presents reactions that occur during charging and discharging of lead-acid batteries, PAFCs, and MCFCs. References...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2013
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05a.a0005736
EISBN: 978-1-62708-171-9
..., planar microwave devices, waveguide devices, sensing devices, solid oxide fuel cells, heating elements, electrodes for capacitors and other electrochemical devices. capacitors dielectric breakdown heating elements photovoltaics resistors sensors solid oxide fuel cells thermal spray coating...
Book Chapter

By Mark C. Williams
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2003
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13a.a0003602
EISBN: 978-1-62708-182-5
... + CO 2 + 2 e − → CO 3 2 − Solid oxide (SOFC) H 2 + O 2− → H 2 O + 2 e − CO + O 2− → CO 2 + 2 e − CH 4 + 4O 2− → 2H 2 O + CO 2 + 8 e − 1 2 O 2 + 2 e − → O 2− Summary of major differences of the fuel-cell types Table 2 Summary of major...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2013
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05a.a0005708
EISBN: 978-1-62708-171-9
..., including wind power, hydro power, biomass and biofuels, solar energy, and fuel cells. biomass fuels corrosion protection hydro power renewable energy solar energy solid oxide fuel cells thermal spray applications wind power IN RECENT YEARS, renewable energy has continued to grow strongly...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 1995
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.emde.a0003062
EISBN: 978-1-62708-200-6
... to the type of power (different voltage or alternating current) required. There are four basic types of fuel cells, which are specified by the type of electrolyte used: acid, aqueous alkaline, molten carbonate, and solid oxide. The latter two use ceramics (LiAlO 2 and Y 2 O 3 -ZrO 2 , respectively...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2013
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05a.a0005727
EISBN: 978-1-62708-171-9
... )0.98 MnO 3 (provided in mol%) Agglomerated and sintered High-purity Perovskite Used as an evaporation barrier on chromite-based solid oxide fuel cell (SOFC) interconnects and for catalysts and sensors Service up to 1500 °C (2730 °F) La 0.6 Sr 0.4 Co 0.2 Fe 0.8 O 3 (provided in mol...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2013
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05a.a0005749
EISBN: 978-1-62708-171-9
... National d'Etude et de Construction de Moteurs d'Aviation (French) SOFC solid oxide fuel cells SPC statistical process control sp gr specific gravity SS stainless steel SSPC Steel Structures Painting Council (now SSPC: The Society for Protective Coatings) std standard...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2013
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05a.a0005706
EISBN: 978-1-62708-171-9
... burner nozzles, and other critical furnace components. Other FGMs are being developed for: Thermal protection of lightweight polymeric insulating materials in aircraft components Production of graded metallic/oxide/intermetallic advanced batteries and solid oxide fuel cells Production...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13C
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13c.a0004150
EISBN: 978-1-62708-184-9
... and the oxidant (usually air). For the solid fuels, this normally requires reducing the as-received fuel to a particulate form; this is then injected into the combustion chamber through a nozzle in which some or all of the combustion air is used to transport the fuel prior to ignition. The nozzle itself...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2013
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05a.a0005707
EISBN: 978-1-62708-171-9
... drilling equipment; and on steel and aluminum mill process rolls. Solid oxide fuel cell interconnectors are coated lanthanum-strontium manganite to prevent evaporation of chromium from the metal connectors. Plasma spray is used to produce the targets used in magnetron sputtering PVD processes, for example...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2003
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13a.a0003601
EISBN: 978-1-62708-182-5
... ) + Hg ( l ) In these reactions and those that follow, the state of the reactants is given: s, solid; l, liquid; aq, in aqueous solution; and g, gas. Note that the sum of Eq 7(a) and (b) is the half-cell corrosion reaction for zinc. It includes the oxidative dissolution of zinc metal...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003169
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
... Considerations of High-Temperature Gas-Solid Reactions , High Temperature Gas-Metal Reactions in Mixed Environments , Jansson and Foroulis , Ed., AIME , 1973 12. Birks N. and Meier G.H. , Introduction to High Temperature Oxidation of Metals , Edward Arnold , London , 1983 13...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13C
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13c.a0004127
EISBN: 978-1-62708-184-9
...  Type II (thick): sealant gun or spatula  Type III (sprayable): spray gun  Type IV (spreadable): extended assembly AMS-S-8802 (supersedes MIL-S-8802), Sealing Compound, Temperature Resistant, Integral Fuel Tanks and Fuel Cell Cavities, High Adhesion (Polysulfide) 2 Room –54 to 120 (–65...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2003
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13a.a0003670
EISBN: 978-1-62708-182-5
.... These organisms obtain energy not by oxidation of organic compounds but by oxidation of inorganic sulfur compounds (including sulfides) to sulfuric acid. The organisms build up their cell material by fixation of carbon dioxide. The following interlinked reactions are performed by mixed cultures of Thiobacilli...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13C
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13c.a0004102
EISBN: 978-1-62708-184-9
...Abstract Abstract This article describes the corrosion mechanisms, challenges, and control methods in service water distribution systems. It provides a discussion on typical designs and water qualities for distribution systems used in fossil-fueled and nuclear power plants. The article also...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 10
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 December 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v10.a0006659
EISBN: 978-1-62708-213-6
... and injection port, column oven, and detector. Common GC detectors are the thermal conductivity cell detector, flame ionization detector, electron capture detector, sulfur chemiluminescence detector, and nitrogen-phosphorus detector. References References 1. McNair H.M. and Miller J.M...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2013
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05a.9781627081719
EISBN: 978-1-62708-171-9
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 10
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 December 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v10.a0006679
EISBN: 978-1-62708-213-6
...-potential electrolysis and applicable Nernst equations Type of reaction (a) Nernst equation (b) I. Oxidized and reduced species soluble in solution M(m) + n e − → M(m − n) Example: Fe 3+ + e − → Fe 2+ E = E °′ + RT / nF · log {[M(m)]/[M(m − n)]} (Eq A) II. Solid metal...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2003
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13a.a0003581
EISBN: 978-1-62708-182-5
... ) Measurement of the oxide activity in molten salts ( Ref 8 , 9 , 10 ) and in glasses ( Ref 11 ) Nonequilibrium methods include: Operation of an oxygen fuel cell ( Ref 4 ) Changing the O 2 content of gases ( Ref 12 , 13 ) Measurement of the diffusivity of O 2 in metals ( Ref 14...