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solid oxide fuel cells

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Published: 01 January 2003
Fig. 3 Solid oxide fuel-cell configurations. (a) Tubular. (b) Planar More
Image
Published: 01 November 1995
Fig. 4 Solid oxide fuel cell designs. (a) Planar porous electrode design. (b) Tubular design More
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13C
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13c.a0004136
EISBN: 978-1-62708-184-9
... (MCFCs), and solid oxide fuel cells (SOFCs). The article explains the corrosion processes in fuel cells due to solid-gas interactions, solid-liquid interactions, and solid-solid interactions. It discusses the long-term performance stability and long-term degradation processes of PEMFCs, MCFCs, and SOFCs...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13C
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13c.a0004135
EISBN: 978-1-62708-184-9
... or rechargeable batteries. Fuel cells are classified into five types: phosphoric acid fuel cell (PAFC), solid polymer electrolyte fuel cell, alkaline electrolyte fuel cell, molten carbonate fuel cell (MCFC), and solid oxide fuel cell. The article presents reactions that occur during charging and discharging...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2013
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05a.a0005736
EISBN: 978-1-62708-171-9
..., planar microwave devices, waveguide devices, sensing devices, solid oxide fuel cells, heating elements, electrodes for capacitors and other electrochemical devices. capacitors dielectric breakdown heating elements photovoltaics resistors sensors solid oxide fuel cells thermal spray coating...
Image
Published: 01 January 2006
fuel cell; and SDFC, solid oxide fuel cell. dc, direct current; ac, alternating current. (b) Respective operating temperatures and exposure environments. Area 1: High carbon activity; partial pressure, P H 2 O in > P H 2 O out ; temperature ( T ), >600 °C (1100 °F); there can be contaminate More
Image
Published: 01 August 2013
Fig. 6 Atmospheric-plasma-sprayed Mn-Co-Fe spinel layer used as a chromium evaporation barrier in solid oxide fuel cell applications More
Book Chapter

By Mark C. Williams
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2003
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13a.a0003602
EISBN: 978-1-62708-182-5
..., and high-temperature fuel cells, such as molten carbonate and solid oxide, are discussed. The article contains tables that provide information on the evolution of cell-component technology for these fuel cells. It concludes with information on the advantages and limitations of the fuel cells. low...
Image
Published: 01 January 2006
of chromium species during solid oxide fuel cell operation near the cathode. 1, chromium evaporation from interconnection surface; 2, gas-phase transport of chromia vapor; 3, contact with cathode surface; 4, reaction with cathode; 5, diffusion into cathode; 6, reduction and deposition at cathode/electrolyte More
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2013
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05a.a0005708
EISBN: 978-1-62708-171-9
... wind power, hydro power, biomass and biofuels, solar energy, and fuel cells. biomass fuels corrosion protection hydro power renewable energy solar energy solid oxide fuel cells thermal spray applications wind power IN RECENT YEARS, renewable energy has continued to grow strongly...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 1995
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.emde.a0003062
EISBN: 978-1-62708-200-6
... to the type of power (different voltage or alternating current) required. There are four basic types of fuel cells, which are specified by the type of electrolyte used: acid, aqueous alkaline, molten carbonate, and solid oxide. The latter two use ceramics (LiAlO 2 and Y 2 O 3 -ZrO 2 , respectively...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13C
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13c.a0004150
EISBN: 978-1-62708-184-9
... wastes are also important, and there are now plants and trees that are being specifically grown for fuel use. Various wastes, such as industrial wastes and municipal solid wastes (MSWs), are increasingly being used as fuels. These fuels also contain impurities of one kind or another; waste wood...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2003
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13a.a0003581
EISBN: 978-1-62708-182-5
..., such as corrosion, most indicator electrodes use solid-state materials that are ionic conductors: stabilized zirconia, which is an oxide-ion conductor; beta-alumina, a sodium-ion conductor; and sulfide-ion conductors, such as Cu 2 S. For an example of how the silver reference electrode can be combined with other...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2003
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13a.a0003601
EISBN: 978-1-62708-182-5
... “A battery is a device that converts the chemical energy contained in its active materials directly into electrical energy by means of an electrochemical oxidation- reduction (redox) reaction” ( Ref 1 ). The active material at the anode of a battery is the “fuel” that undergoes oxidation. When this anode...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003169
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
... of decomposition is a function of the heat input ( Ref 9 ) because calcination is a gas-solid reaction, and the rate of the process is controlled by conduction of heat through the product oxide layer. To increase calcination rates in industrial furnaces, a large amount of excess heat is commonly used. The excess...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2003
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13a.a0003577
EISBN: 978-1-62708-182-5
... to the formation of thick oxide layers in air or other oxidizing atmospheres, at high temperature with fast transport processes by solid-state diffusion through a growing oxide. The separation between the two areas, however, should not be overemphasized, because there are also similarities and analogies...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 2A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 November 2018
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v02a.a0006483
EISBN: 978-1-62708-207-5
... temperatures and compositions. If the bath in industrial cells cools below 980 °C (1795 °F), and if the dissolved Al 2 O 3 content is less than 5%, then solid cryolite will precipitate out of the melt. However, if the dissolved Al 2 O 3 content is higher than 10% in the melt, then solid alumina...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13C
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13c.a0004124
EISBN: 978-1-62708-184-9
... hydrogen damage when concentrating boiler solids occur. History and details of caustic embrittlement and hydrogen damage and embrittlement are discussed elsewhere ( Ref 11 ). Passive film breakdown is followed by the formation of a concentration cell. At the anode, the metal oxidizes, while at the much...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 10
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 December 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v10.a0006679
EISBN: 978-1-62708-213-6
... demonstrated the reverse reaction of a fuel cell, whereby an electric current is generated by the recombination of hydrogen and oxygen. The process of electrolysis has a number of general uses in separating elements from naturally occurring sources. Applications are too numerous to list, but some examples...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2013
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05a.a0005727
EISBN: 978-1-62708-171-9
... to 540 °C (1000 °F) Oxide ceramics—lanthanum (La 0.8 Sr 0.2 )0.98 MnO 3 (provided in mol%) Agglomerated and sintered High-purity Perovskite Used as an evaporation barrier on chromite-based solid oxide fuel cell (SOFC) interconnects and for catalysts and sensors Service up to 1500 °C (2730 °F...