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solid ground curing

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Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 21
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2001
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v21.a0003397
EISBN: 978-1-62708-195-5
... Abstract This article reviews various rapid prototyping (RP) processes, such as stereolithography, powder sintering, hot melt extrusion, sheet lamination, solid ground curing, and three-dimensional printing. It discusses various material prototypes produced by RP technology. The list of...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 20
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1997
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v20.a0002449
EISBN: 978-1-62708-194-8
... sintering sheet form fabricators solid ground curing stereolithography voxel sequential volume addition RAPID PROTOTYPING is a relatively new field in manufacturing that involves techniques/devices that produce prototype parts directly from computer-aided design (CAD) models in a fraction of the...
Book Chapter

Book: Casting
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 15
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v15.a0005354
EISBN: 978-1-62708-187-0
... Abstract No-bake sand molds are based on curing of inorganic or organic binders with either gaseous catalysts or liquid catalysts. This article reviews the major aspects of no-bake sand bonding in terms of coremaking, molding methods, and sand processing. It discusses the points to be noted in...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 September 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05b.a0006036
EISBN: 978-1-62708-172-6
... for higher solids polyurethane coatings. The polyaspartic esters can be blended with hydroxyl-functional polyesters and polyacrylate co-reactants, thus allowing for reduction of VOC in relatively high-solvent-containing coating systems ( Ref 15 , 16 , 17 ). More recent developments have...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2003
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13a.a0003692
EISBN: 978-1-62708-182-5
... (such as alkyds, epoxies, polyesters, and urethanes) can be modified with acrylate esters, and the combination can be combined with a suitable photoinitiator to aid in the radical polymerization mechanism. High-solids, low-molecular-weight, light- cured coatings can be applied by brush, roller, and...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 21
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2001
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v21.a0003432
EISBN: 978-1-62708-195-5
.... Curing agents can be liquids or powders. An amine equivalent test should be performed in which liquid or solid amine curing agents are dissolved in a liquid media and titrated to determine the number of reactive hydrogens per unit weight. Techniques are available to determine primary, secondary, or...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 September 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05b.a0006015
EISBN: 978-1-62708-172-6
... for powder coatings continuous to increase. Perhaps the most important part of any paint system is the binder, and in powder coatings the choice of binder is limited to binder systems that are solid at ambient temperatures. A review of common binder system chemistries follows...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 September 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05b.a0006077
EISBN: 978-1-62708-172-6
... Reaction of (a) epichlorohydrin and (b) bisphenol A to form (c) a glycidyl-ether-type epoxy resin. Source: Ref 1 When the repeating unit n is 1 or less, the resin is a liquid with a honeylike consistency. These epoxies are used for high-solids, ambient-temperature-cured epoxies. When the average...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 24
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 June 2020
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v24.a0006578
EISBN: 978-1-62708-290-7
... the volume fraction of ceramic particles; and ϕ max is the maximum concentration of ceramic inside the slurry. Overall, the cure depth of the slurry is determined by the refractive index difference between the filler ceramic particles and the photocurable resin, the particle size, and the solid...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 September 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05b.a0006016
EISBN: 978-1-62708-172-6
... be adjusted based on the amount of thinner added, so the manufacturer's target WFT is no longer representative. Calculating a target WFT of unthinned and thinned coating is based on the target DFT (from the specification or PDS), the volume solids content of the coating (from the PDS), and, when...
Book: Casting
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 15
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v15.a0005242
EISBN: 978-1-62708-187-0
... (so called because of their characteristic green color) are a solid solution of forsterite (Mg 2 SiO 4 ) and fayalite (Fe 2 SiO 4 ). Forsterite and fayalite in approximately equal proportions are the primary constituents of rock called dunite found in Washington state and North Carolina ( Ref 4...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13b.a0003845
EISBN: 978-1-62708-183-2
... addition of filler to improve the properties of the corrosion barrier: Process streams containing solids, where the flow rate may cause abrasion of the laminate ( Ref 26 , 27 ) Thermal shock The first response to these two environments should be to choose a resin with the highest percent...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 4C
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 09 June 2014
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v04c.a0005840
EISBN: 978-1-62708-167-2
... windings, which then bolt through a rigid fiberglass board. Coil windings of this design then can be either cast solid or feature replaceable coil liners. In some designs, wood support boards are positioned on three or four sides of the coil winding to lock the winding into place. The refractory then is...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 September 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05b.a0006009
EISBN: 978-1-62708-172-6
... 50% of the double bonds of the unsaturated polyester and styrene. Cure of the resin system typically progresses further than the 50% double-bond conversion point to a conversion point typically higher than 90 to 95%. The polyester resin typically is a pale-yellow solid at RT. Color-contributing...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13b.a0003844
EISBN: 978-1-62708-183-2
... the attractive force between portions of different molecules becomes sufficient to hold adjacent molecules together in a loose symmetry, resulting in a solid. These intermolecular attractive forces are principally a variety of polar attractive or dispersion forces within the family called van der...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 September 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05b.a0006007
EISBN: 978-1-62708-172-6
... excellent adhesion and a tough finish resistant to abrasion, chemical degradation, and soil-stress damage. It is a 100% solids system with no solvents. The FBE coatings are formulated specifically to meet the needs of the various markets, because physical and performance requirements are different for an...
Book Chapter

Book: Casting
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 15
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v15.a0005244
EISBN: 978-1-62708-187-0
... the volume change that occurs in the transition of a liquid or solid to a gas. The principal gases resulting from the breakdown of the chemical binder systems have been found to be hydrogen, carbon monoxide, carbon dioxide, methane, and nitrogen. In venting, however, the volume of gas is more...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 10
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 December 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v10.a0006650
EISBN: 978-1-62708-213-6
... sample of interest. Care must be taken to eliminate or at least understand the source of potential sample contamination, especially if solids are ground into powders by using a mortar and pestle or if the material of interest requires significant handling. Grinding materials, necessary for powdering...
Book: Casting
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 15
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v15.a0009015
EISBN: 978-1-62708-187-0
... contraction, solid-solid contraction, and liquid-solid contraction. The article discusses the factors influencing the solidification sequence of simple shapes, such as T-sections, X-sections, and L-sections. It also provides an overview of geometric factors that influence heat transfer and transport phenomena...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 17
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2018
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v17.a0006475
EISBN: 978-1-62708-190-0
... degree of cure of an epoxy resin. This curve indicates the initiation, rate, and end of cure based on the response of the entire sectional thickness (not just a surface measurement). A similar through-transmission method has been used to detect aging of solid rocket propellant. The curing of concrete...