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Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 19
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1996
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v19.a0002413
EISBN: 978-1-62708-193-1
... Table 1 Summary of fatigue life results for MDS tests Pad No. Fatigue life and scatter (a) , cycles × 10 3 , for solder volume 1 2 3 4 I 11.6 (first failure) 20.3 (mean) σ = 0.21 14.4 21.4 (mean) σ = 0.18 II 14.0 22.0 (mean) σ = 0.19 9.0 15.2 (mean) σ = 0.19, III...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003211
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
... Abstract Soldering involves heating a joint to a suitable temperature and using a filler metal (solder) that melts below 450 deg C (840 deg F). Beginning with an overview of the specification and standards and applications, this article discusses the principal levels and effects of the most...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003211
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
...Abstract Abstract Soldering involves heating a joint to a suitable temperature and using a filler metal (solder) that melts below 450 deg C (840 deg F). Beginning with an overview of the specification and standards and applications, this article discusses the principal levels and effects...
Book Chapter

By Roy E. Beal
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 6
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1993
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v06.a0001396
EISBN: 978-1-62708-173-3
... Abstract Dip soldering is accomplished by submerging parts to be joined into a molten solder bath. This article provides an overview of dip soldering, its applications, and the equipment used. The article also provides information on the safety measures to be taken by production personnel when...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 6
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1993
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v06.a0001397
EISBN: 978-1-62708-173-3
... Abstract Resistance soldering (RS) can be applied to electrically conductive materials that allow the passage of electric current. The process can be used for selective spot soldering of small components, for the soldering of closely placed parts on an assembly, or for heat restriction when...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 6
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1993
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v06.a0001398
EISBN: 978-1-62708-173-3
... Abstract Laser soldering uses a well-focused, highly controlled beam to deliver energy to a desired location for a precisely measured length of time. This article focuses on two types of laser soldering operations, namely, blind laser soldering and intelligent laser soldering. It discusses...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 6
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1993
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v06.a0001400
EISBN: 978-1-62708-173-3
... Abstract This article describes resistivity effects and Curie temperature effects on coupling efficiency during induction heating in the soldering operation. It discusses the effects of workpiece geometry during the induction heating. The practices associated with the use of preplaced solder...
Book Chapter

By Paul T. Vianco
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 6
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1993
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v06.a0001401
EISBN: 978-1-62708-173-3
... Abstract This article focuses on the design considerations and process parameters critical to the successful implantation of wave soldering on printed circuit boards. The design considerations include the through-hole technology and the surface-mount technology. The article presents information...
Book Chapter

By Mark Cowell
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 6
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1993
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v06.a0001393
EISBN: 978-1-62708-173-3
... Abstract This article provides information on soldering iron and the most common soldering iron tip. It describes the classifications of hand soldering equipment based on its temperature control method. These are constant-voltage, variable temperature, and tip-temperature-controlled soldering...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 6
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1993
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v06.a0001394
EISBN: 978-1-62708-173-3
... Abstract Torch soldering utilizes a fuel gas flame as the heat source in the soldering process to produce a leak-tight assembly with some degree of mechanical strength. This article describes the advantages, limitations, and applications of torch soldering. It reviews the equipment used...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 6
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1993
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v06.a0001346
EISBN: 978-1-62708-173-3
... Abstract Soldering is defined as a joining process by which two substrates are bonded together using a filler metal with a liquidus temperature. This article provides an overview of fundamentals of soldering and presents guidelines for flux selection. Types of fluxes, including rosin-base...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 6
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1993
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v06.a0001459
EISBN: 978-1-62708-173-3
... Abstract Soldering technology has been used in applications ranging from the packaging of integrated circuit chips to the fabrication of industrial heat exchangers and consequently in structural or electronic applications. This article provides information on various soldering parameters...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 6
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1993
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v06.a0001399
EISBN: 978-1-62708-173-3
... Abstract Hot gas soldering is a process that is commonly used in applications where the workpiece thermal mass is small and the melting temperature of the solder is relatively low. This article describes the characteristics of hot gas heating that are critical to its effectiveness in soldering...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 6
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1993
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v06.a0001402
EISBN: 978-1-62708-173-3
... Abstract Vapor-phase soldering is a process of condensation heating in which the product prepared for soldering is passed through or into a layer of saturated vapor. This article provides an overview of the soldering process with emphasis on its applications and the equipment used...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 6
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1993
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v06.9781627081733
EISBN: 978-1-62708-173-3
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 6
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1993
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v06.a0001395
EISBN: 978-1-62708-173-3
... Abstract Furnace soldering (FS) encompasses a group of reflow soldering techniques in which the parts to be joined and preplaced filler metal are put in a furnace and then heated to the soldering temperature. This article describes three reflow soldering techniques in surface-mount technology...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 6
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1993
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v06.a0001460
EISBN: 978-1-62708-173-3
... Table 5 Guidelines and specifications for solder joint design IPC-D-300G, Printed Board Dimensions and Tolerances IPC-SM-782, Surface Mount Land Patterns (Configurations and Design Rules) IPC-S-815A, General Requirements for Soldering Electronic Interconnections IPC-SM-780...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 6
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1993
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v06.a0001344
EISBN: 978-1-62708-173-3
... Table 1 Comparison of soldering, brazing, and welding Parameter Process Soldering Brazing Welding Joint formed Mechanical Metallurgical Metallurgical Filler metal melt temperature, °C (°F) <450 (<840) >450 (>840) (a) >450 (>840) (b) Base metal...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 1A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 31 August 2017
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v01a.a0006302
EISBN: 978-1-62708-179-5
... Abstract Brazing and soldering are done at temperatures below the solidus temperature of the base material but high enough to melt the filler metal and allow the liquid filler metal to wet the surface and spread into the joint gap by capillary action. This article discusses the common...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13b.a0003831
EISBN: 978-1-62708-183-2
... Abstract Corrosion is often thought of as rusting, the process of deterioration undergone by a metal when it is exposed to air or water. This article provides the fundamentals of joints corrosion and primarily addresses the various forms of corrosion observed in brazed and soldered joints...