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Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1994
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05.a0001312
EISBN: 978-1-62708-170-2
... treatment processes, surface soil removal, blast cleaning, chemical descaling, pickling or etching, anodizing, autoclaving, polishing, buffing, vapor phase nitriding, and electroplating. Applications of these surface treatment processes are also reviewed. Selected References Selected References...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1994
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05.a0001222
EISBN: 978-1-62708-170-2
... for removing a wide variety of soils from the surface of metals. This article focuses on the composition, operating conditions, and test and control of alkaline cleaners, as well as equipment used and their application methods. It describes the mechanisms of alkaline cleaning, such as saponification...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003213
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
... of the soil to be removed, (b) the substrate to be cleaned (i.e., ferrous, nonferrous, etc.), (c) the importance of the condition of the surface to the end use of the part, (d) the degree of cleanliness required, (e) the existing capabilities of available facilities, (f) the environmental impact...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003213
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
.... ALKALINE CLEANING is a commonly used method for removing a wide variety of soils from the surface of metals. Soils removed by alkaline cleaning include oils, grease, waxes, metallic fines, and dirt. Alkaline cleaners are applied by either spray or immersion facilities and are usually followed by a warm...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1994
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05.a0001311
EISBN: 978-1-62708-170-2
... . Abstract Abstract This article reviews cleaning and finishing operations that have proven to be effective on titanium, its alloys, and semi-fabricated titanium products. It explains how to remove scale, tarnish films, grease, and other soils and how to achieve required finishes and/or improve wear...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1994
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05.a0001223
EISBN: 978-1-62708-170-2
... degreasing by vapor-spray-vapor systems Parts Metal Production rate Soil removed Subsequent, operation Notes on processing kg/h lb/h Spark plugs Steel 270 600 Machining oil … Special fixture and conveyor Kitchen utensils Aluminum 450 1000 Buffing compound Inspection Special...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 2A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 November 2018
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v02a.a0006504
EISBN: 978-1-62708-207-5
... in the unprotected condition, almost the entire spread of cleaners described previously can be considered. Perhaps the easiest way to remove most of the soil accumulated on such buildings is by steam cleaning. As pointed out previously, however, care should be taken in using any chemicals in conjunction...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1994
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05.a0001224
EISBN: 978-1-62708-170-2
... by a number of plants Part Soils removed Cleaning cycles Cleaning, time, min Subsequent operations Stable emulsion, dip cleaning Cast iron parts and machined parts Machining oil, chips Alkaline clean, emulsion clean 1 Storage Stable emulsion, spray cleaning Aluminum and brass...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1994
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05.a0001227
EISBN: 978-1-62708-170-2
... the proper inhibitor should not be a haphazard process. Many proprietary compositions of these chemicals are available for use in various acid systems. The amount of inhibitor used depends on the workpiece composition, acid cleaner formulation, temperature of operation, and nature of soil being removed...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1994
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05.a0001221
EISBN: 978-1-62708-170-2
... are difficult to remove, especially if combined with grit or metal particles. Examples of application of room-temperature alkaline cleaners Table 8 Examples of application of room-temperature alkaline cleaners Part Surface from last operation Relative amount of original soil on part Residual...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003221
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
... are added. In use, this type of cleaner emulsifies the oil or grease on the surface. The soil and cleaner are removed with water, preferably applied by spraying. Alkaline Cleaning Alkaline cleaning is the most widely used method for cleaning aluminum and aluminum alloys. This method is easy to apply...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003221
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
... finishes. Anodic coatings are porous and provide no corrosion protection unless sealed with a paint. NICKEL ALLOYS do not require special techniques or precautions for removing shop soils such as soap, drawing compound, oil, grease, cutting fluid, and polishing compound. Oxide, scale...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1994
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05.a0001309
EISBN: 978-1-62708-170-2
... Soil removed °C °F Dose cap (a) Stoddard solvent or mineral spirits RT to 49 RT to 120 2 Heavy drawing compound Brass retainer ring (a) Stoddard solvent or mineral spirits RT to 49 RT to 120 2 Eyelet machine lubricant Brass rods Sawdust, dampened with Stoddard solvent...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 4A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2013
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v04a.a0005777
EISBN: 978-1-62708-165-8
... be analyzed: the substrate, the degree of cleanliness required, the nature of the soil, and the incoming water quality. (The condition of the incoming water is often overlooked in metal cleaning.) Aqueous cleaners are generally better than solvent cleaners at removing soils or particulate matter. The rinsing...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 September 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05b.a0006026
EISBN: 978-1-62708-172-6
... and (b) 5155. Courtesy of Taber Industries. Source: Ref 4 Fig. 5 Abrasion tester for washability and scrub resistance. Courtesy of Erichsen GmbH & Co. KG. Source: Ref 5 Fig. 6 Removing soil from a wall in a home. Source: Ref 6 Fig. 1 Chemical plant. Source: Ref 1...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2003
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13a.a0003651
EISBN: 978-1-62708-182-5
... are buried as described here, the retrieval process should proceed smoothly. The initial surface digging can be carried out with power equipment, but the final few centimeters of soil must be removed by careful hand shoveling to reduce the possibility of specimen damage, loss of corrosion products, or loss...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13C
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13c.a0004142
EISBN: 978-1-62708-184-9
... archaeological material, geography, microorganisms in the soil, vegetation, land use, soil chemistry, soil physical properties, and the presence or absence of water and air. This article discusses the key environmental variables that affect the corrosion of buried metal artifacts. These include water (including...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1994
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05.a0001304
EISBN: 978-1-62708-170-2
... of manufactured products. Drawing and stamping lubricants, cutting fluids, heat treatment scale and oxides, and fingerprints are typical of soils that must be removed. Important reasons for adequate cleaning of components and products are as follows: As an intermediate step to facilitate manufacturing...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 September 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05b.a0006030
EISBN: 978-1-62708-172-6
..., there are no federal regulations that establish acceptable concentrations of lead in soil for industrial locations, and there are no federal regulations requiring that soil sampling be performed on industrial paint-removal projects. However, the EPA has stated that any dust or debris released onto the ground during...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1994
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05.a0001269
EISBN: 978-1-62708-170-2
... In the dip operation of continuous strip coating lines, alkaline cleaning is used to remove protective oils, soil, and the residues of rolling oils. Although it is possible to remove thin oxide layers using alkaline cleaning, these layers are usually removed during subsequent pickling operations...