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soil sampling

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Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 September 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05b.a0006030
EISBN: 978-1-62708-172-6
... or releases. Fig. 14 Contamination of soil from abrasive-blasting debris Fig. 15 Soil sampling is used to evaluate the efficiency of the containment at controlling emissions and to determine whether the soil was adversely impacted by project activities. Fig. 3 Tank painting...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 10
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1986
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v10.a0001748
EISBN: 978-1-62708-178-8
... of each cycle being (irradiation time) = (count time) = T 1/2 . Detection is defined as 100 counts recorded in the full-energy peak, with the source placed 2 cm (0.8 in.) from the detector container. Typical nondestructive TNAA detection limits for elements in rock or soil samples 20 min after...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 10
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 December 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v10.a0006642
EISBN: 978-1-62708-213-6
..., with timing of each cycle being t i = t m = t 1/2 . Sensitivity was defined at a level of 10% relative uncertainty, with the source placed 2 cm (0.8 in.) from the detector face. Typical instrumental neutron activation analysis sensitivities for elements in rock or soil samples 20 min after...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13C
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13c.a0004104
EISBN: 978-1-62708-184-9
... to the detailed design of a wastewater treatment plant or construction of new capital improvement projects, a corrosion survey should be performed at the project site. This survey should include soil resistivity testing, chemical analysis of soil and/or water samples, and inspection of any facilities that may...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13C
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13c.a0004110
EISBN: 978-1-62708-184-9
... corrosion. The operator must address such anomalies based on criteria contained in the appropriate industry standards. Data that should be acquired prior to and during each excavation and before any coating removal are: Pipe-to-soil potential Soil resistivity Soil sample collection Water...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 10
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 December 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v10.a0006678
EISBN: 978-1-62708-213-6
.... , and Succop P. , Use of a Field Portable X-Ray Fluorescence Analyzer to Determine the Concentration of Lead and Other Metals in Soil Samples , Ann. Agricul. Environ. Med. , Vol 6 ( No. 1 ), 1999 , p 27 – 32 2. Handbook of Analytical Methods for Materials , Materials Evaluation and Engineering...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 4A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2013
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v04a.a0005777
EISBN: 978-1-62708-165-8
... ( Houston, TX ) 30. Owsik J. , Janucki J. , Jach K. , Swierczynski R. , Ivanov V.S. , Kotyuk A.F. , and Ulanovski M.V. , LIBS System for Elemental Analysis of Soil Samples , Proc. SPIE 5710, Nonlinear Frequency Generation and Conversion: Materials, Devices...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 18
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 31 December 2017
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v18.a0006386
EISBN: 978-1-62708-192-4
... … … … bal 12HCr 0.8 0.01 0.48 12 … 0.021 0.03 0.6 bal 7.5HCr 0.5 0.6 0.1 7.5 0.4 … 0.03 … bal Adapted from Ref 65 Comparison of discrete-element simulation of draft force and experimental draft force using soil bin for four different subsoiler points Table 11...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2003
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13a.a0003651
EISBN: 978-1-62708-182-5
... and hydrogen embrittlement studies of metals in soil. The 10 cm (4 in.) long test specimen is placed approximately 75 cm (30 in.) beneath the surface of the soil. Source: Ref 19 Fig. 1 Metal specimens in trench. Typical of underground corrosion studies, metal samples of sheet metal, pipes, and pipe...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 10
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 December 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v10.a0006664
EISBN: 978-1-62708-213-6
... of isotopic ratios is the proper identification of pesticides. There are many pesticide compounds that are banned from use under all or select applications. To determine if a compound has been illegally applied, analysis of soil samples by GC/MS (and GC/MS/MS, which is discussed later) is common practice...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0001820
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... to selecting and obtaining soil samples that are representative of the soil at pipe depth. Also, supplemental information regarding the cathodic-protection levels imposed on the pipe may be useful. Samples selected for fracture-propagation property determination should be representative of the material...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13C
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13c.a0004117
EISBN: 978-1-62708-184-9
..., the resistivity dropped to 1000 Ω·cm and the corrosion rates became constant, possibly due to the lack of availability of oxygen in the water-saturated soil. Data in Table 1 show a good agreement between the electrochemical corrosion rates and gravimetric corrosion rates from mass loss samples exposed...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1994
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05.a0001224
EISBN: 978-1-62708-170-2
.... It is followed by a water rinse that emulsifies and removes the solvent and soil. Place approximately 90 to 95 mL of emulsion in a 100 mL glass-stoppered graduated cylinder. Measure and record the actual amount of sample. Cautiously add 5 mL of sulfuric acid. Place a stopper on the cylinder...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 2A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 November 2018
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v02a.a0006504
EISBN: 978-1-62708-207-5
... sample paralleled that of the top sample, except that it was not maintained between the 9th and 15th years. Thus, (c) shows the soil accumulation over the six-year period and (b) shows the good surface finish restored by cleaning with fine steel wool and an abrasive cleaner. Fig. 2 Unprotected...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1994
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05.a0001222
EISBN: 978-1-62708-170-2
... for removing a wide variety of soils from the surface of metals. This article focuses on the composition, operating conditions, and test and control of alkaline cleaners, as well as equipment used and their application methods. It describes the mechanisms of alkaline cleaning, such as saponification...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003556
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... and the sampling and analysis of conditions usually achieved by the installation of removable coupons in the target system. The article also explains the prevention and control strategies of MIC in industrial systems. aluminum aluminum alloys condition monitoring cooling towers copper copper alloys...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003549
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... discoloration along the bottom of the pipe. (c) Cross section of pipe wall through the perforation. The sample was etched in ASTM 89 reagent to delineate the microstructure. Uniform wall thickness is approximately 2.9 mm (0.11 in.). 5×. Courtesy of S.R. Freeman, Millennium Metallurgy, Ltd. Fig. 3 View...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006788
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... − NO 2 − , N 2 , NH 4 + Nitrate reducing H + H 2 … SO 4 2− S 2− Sulfate reducing CO 2 CH 4 , OOCCH 3 − Methanogenic, acetogenic Factors associated with the abundance of sulfate-reducing bacteria in soils along a buried pipeline Table 2 Factors associated...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13C
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13c.a0004142
EISBN: 978-1-62708-184-9
... 44. Mathias C. , Assessment of Corrosion Measurements for Soil Samples Excavated at a Seventeenth-Century Colonial Plantation Site , Archaeological Conservation and Its Consequences , Roy A. and Smith P. , Ed., International Institute for Conservation , 1996 , p 121 – 126...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13b.a0003819
EISBN: 978-1-62708-183-2
... Immersion Flowing (b) 5.59 0.22 5 Kure Beach, NC Seawater Immersion … 15.24 0.60 4 (a) At 150 mm/s (0.5 ft/s). (b) At 60 mm/s (0.2 ft/s) Corrosion of lead alloys in various soils Table 4 Corrosion of lead alloys in various soils Maximum exposure time: 11 years...