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soil displacement

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Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1994
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05.a0001222
EISBN: 978-1-62708-170-2
... to the performance of the cleaner. Displacement is the lifting of oily soils from a surface by the action of surfactants. By their chemical nature, surfactants have an affinity for metal surfaces that is stronger than the oil's affinity. The surfactant in the cleaning solution lifts the oil from the surface...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003213
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
... cleaned metal surface optimizes the performance of a coating that is subsequently applied by conversion coating, electroplating, painting, or other operations. The main chemical methods of soil removal by an alkaline cleaner are saponification, displacement, emulsification and dispersion, and metal oxide...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003213
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
... water rinse. A properly cleaned metal surface optimizes the performance of a coating that is subsequently applied by conversion coating, electroplating, painting, or other operations. The main chemical methods of soil removal by an alkaline cleaner are saponification, displacement, emulsification...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1994
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05.a0001226
EISBN: 978-1-62708-170-2
... soils Chlorinated-solvent degreaser (inhibited trichloroethylene, for example) Aluminum and zinc Castings, open-mesh air filters, used automotive carburetor parts, valves, switch components, drawn wire Chips, lubricants, and general grime Moderately alkaline, specially inhibited to prevent...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 September 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05b.a0006048
EISBN: 978-1-62708-172-6
... at the Microscopic Level Impact Resistance Can Be Backfilled Immediately Ultraviolet Resistance Resistance to Acids, Salts, and Soil Organics Compatible with Other Coatings Easily Removable Long Shelf Life Lower Total Life-Cycle Costs Limitations of Petrolatum and Microcrystalline Wax...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 18
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 31 December 2017
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v18.a0006386
EISBN: 978-1-62708-192-4
...-element model in the form of plain strain to analyze the behavior of a tillage tool moving in a bulk of soil. They observed that the draft force increased from zero at the start to a maximum of 13.69 kN (1.37 tonf) at displacement equal to 1.13 cm (0.5 in.). Then, this amount was reduced 20.4% and became...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1994
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05.a0001223
EISBN: 978-1-62708-170-2
... degreasing by vapor-spray-vapor systems Parts Metal Production rate Soil removed Subsequent, operation Notes on processing kg/h lb/h Spark plugs Steel 270 600 Machining oil … Special fixture and conveyor Kitchen utensils Aluminum 450 1000 Buffing compound Inspection Special...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13C
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13c.a0004127
EISBN: 978-1-62708-184-9
... (Water-Displacing, Low Temperature),” MIL-PRF-32033, U.S. Department of Defense , 2001 4. “Chemical Conversion Materials for Coating Aluminum and Aluminum Alloys,” MIL-DTL-81706, U.S. Department of Defense , 2004 5. “Magnesium Alloy, Process for Pretreatment and Corrosion Prevention...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2003
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13a.a0003688
EISBN: 978-1-62708-182-5
... to the samples either directly exposed to the environment (open) or sheltered from direct rainfall to simulate a location such as under an eave. Source: Ref 6 Corrosion of galvanized steel in various soils Table 3 Corrosion of galvanized steel in various soils Coating weight: 300 g/m 2 (1 oz/ft 2...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 September 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05b.a0006038
EISBN: 978-1-62708-172-6
... Preparation of pipeline surface by abrasive blasting Fig. 26 Coal tar epoxy coating on pipeline sections Fig. 23 Application of liquid epoxy coating in the trench Fig. 24 Application of liquid epoxy to a girth weld Fig. 25 Air-to-soil transition on a pipeline run...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1994
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05.a0001324
EISBN: 978-1-62708-170-2
.../rinse agent mixture. They are then immersed into the rinse agent, which displaces the remaining solvating chemical; the use of an ultrasonic unit at this stage enhances the removal of solvating chemical. Finally, the parts are raised into the vapor column where they are rinsed with condensate vapor...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 4A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2013
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v04a.a0005777
EISBN: 978-1-62708-165-8
...Metal-cleaning processes Table 1 Metal-cleaning processes Cleaning process Cleaning media Application Effectiveness Emulsion cleaning: For intermittent or occasional cleaning Particles of soils are suspended in cleaning medium, then separated from surface Prepare...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 22B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2010
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v22b.a0005531
EISBN: 978-1-62708-197-9
.... , Parameswaran R. , and Cocks A.C.F. , Mechanical Behavior of Metal Powders and wder Compaction Modeling , Powder Metal Technologies and Applications , Vol 7 , ASM Handbook , ASM International , 1998 , p 326 – 342 5. Wood D.M. , Soil Behavior and Critical State Soil Mechanics...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1994
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05.a0001309
EISBN: 978-1-62708-170-2
... Soil removed °C °F Dose cap (a) Stoddard solvent or mineral spirits RT to 49 RT to 120 2 Heavy drawing compound Brass retainer ring (a) Stoddard solvent or mineral spirits RT to 49 RT to 120 2 Eyelet machine lubricant Brass rods Sawdust, dampened with Stoddard solvent...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1994
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05.a0001221
EISBN: 978-1-62708-170-2
... are difficult to remove, especially if combined with grit or metal particles. Examples of application of room-temperature alkaline cleaners Table 8 Examples of application of room-temperature alkaline cleaners Part Surface from last operation Relative amount of original soil on part Residual...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 10
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 December 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v10.a0006678
EISBN: 978-1-62708-213-6
.... , and Succop P. , Use of a Field Portable X-Ray Fluorescence Analyzer to Determine the Concentration of Lead and Other Metals in Soil Samples , Ann. Agricul. Environ. Med. , Vol 6 ( No. 1 ), 1999 , p 27 – 32 2. Handbook of Analytical Methods for Materials , Materials Evaluation and Engineering...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003231
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
... that are diluted in water to concentrations of 5 to 30% for dip-tank applications and of 0.05 to 5% for spray applications. Water-base emulsifiers function by displacing excess surface penetrant from the surface of the part by detergent action. The force of the water spray or air agitation of open dip tanks...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 7
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 September 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v07.a0006033
EISBN: 978-1-62708-175-7
... , John Wiley & Sons, Inc. , New York, NY , 1996 21. Schofield A.N. , Original Cam-Clay , Proceedings of the International Conference on Soft Soil Engineering , Nov 8–11, 1993 ( Guangzhou ) 22. Drucker D.C. and Prager W. , Soil Mechanics and Plastic Analysis...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 22B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2010
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v22b.a0005502
EISBN: 978-1-62708-197-9
... A. , Ed., ISO Press , Ohmsha, Sweden , 2001 , p 94 – 104 20. German R.M. , Sintering Theory Practice , John Wiley & Sons, Inc. , New York, NY , 1996 21. Schofield A.N. , Original Cam-Clay , Proceedings of the International Conference on Soft Soil Engineering , Nov 8...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003137
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
... Seawater <0.1 250 480 70 2.8 1750 250 480 700 27.6 (a) TDS, total dissolved solids Fig. 5 Corrosion of copper, iron, lead, and zinc in four different soils Fig. 3 Typical corrosion fatigue cracking of a copper alloy. Transgranular cracks originate at the base...