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soil corrosion

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Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13C
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13c.a0004117
EISBN: 978-1-62708-184-9
...Corrosion rates in soil compared using two different techniques Table 1 Corrosion rates in soil compared using two different techniques Environment Electrochemical corrosion rates Gravimetric corrosion rates mm/yr mils/yr mm/yr mils/yr Soil 0.005 0.197 0.004 0.157 Soil...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13b.a0003805
EISBN: 978-1-62708-183-2
...Abstract Abstract This article discusses the environmental factors and kinetics of atmospheric corrosion, aqueous corrosion, and soil corrosion of carbon steels. It also provides information on corrosion in concrete and steel boilers. aqueous corrosion atmospheric corrosion concrete...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003105
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
...Guide to corrosion prevention for carbon steels in various environments Table 7 Guide to corrosion prevention for carbon steels in various environments Preventive method Atmosphere Soil Fresh water Seawater Steam systems Acids and pickling baths Metal coatings: electroplating...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2003
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13a.a0003651
EISBN: 978-1-62708-182-5
...Numerical corrosivity scale Table 1 Numerical corrosivity scale Point system for predicting soil corrosivity according to American Water Works Association C 105 Soil parameter Value Assigned points Resistivity, Ω · cm <700 10 700–1000 8 1000–1200 5 1200–1500 2...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13C
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13c.a0004113
EISBN: 978-1-62708-184-9
...Approximate indication of soil resistivity versus degree of corrosivity Table 1 Approximate indication of soil resistivity versus degree of corrosivity Soil resistivity, Ω·cm Corrosivity 0–500 Very corrosive 500–1000 Corrosive 1000–2000 Moderately corrosive 2000–10,000...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2003
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13a.a0003638
EISBN: 978-1-62708-182-5
..., water, and soil. Changes in atmospheric corrosion testing are being driven by the need for more mechanistic and predictive information and by the development of corrosivity maps. Some of this predictive capability requires the determination of a mass balance for the corrosion reaction...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13C
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13c.a0004142
EISBN: 978-1-62708-184-9
... archaeological material, geography, microorganisms in the soil, vegetation, land use, soil chemistry, soil physical properties, and the presence or absence of water and air. This article discusses the key environmental variables that affect the corrosion of buried metal artifacts. These include water (including...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13C
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13c.a0004104
EISBN: 978-1-62708-184-9
... treatment plants. These include soil testing, atmospheric testing, and hydrogen sulfide testing. The primary parameters that influence the production of sulfides within the piping system that transports the wastewater to the treatment facility are discussed. The article describes the corrosion performance...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1994
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05.a0001222
EISBN: 978-1-62708-170-2
...) Cationic (e.g., quaternary ammonium chloride) Amphoteric (e.g., alkyl substituted imidazoline) Nonionic (e.g., ethoxylated long chain alcohol) Glycols and glycol ethers are solvents that remove certain oily soils. Corrosion inhibitors can be incorporated into a cleaner to help...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13b.a0003830
EISBN: 978-1-62708-183-2
... 0.10 Corrosion rates of zinc coatings in soils at different geographic locations in the United States Table 7 Corrosion rates of zinc coatings in soils at different geographic locations in the United States No. (a) Soil type Location Soil resistance, Ω-cm pH Corrosion rate (b...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13b.a0003815
EISBN: 978-1-62708-183-2
... fatigue, erosion-corrosion, atmospheric corrosion, filiform corrosion, and corrosion in water and soils. The article describes the effects of composition, microstructure, stress-intensity factor, and nonmetallic building materials on the corrosion behavior of aluminum and its alloys. It also provides...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 2B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v02b.a0006546
EISBN: 978-1-62708-210-5
... occur. It describes pitting, galvanic, and atmospheric corrosion as well as stress-corrosion cracking, corrosion fatigue, and erosion corrosion. It also covers intergranular, exfoliation, filiform, deposition, and crevice corrosion and special cases of corrosion in soils, seawater, and automotive...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13C
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13c.a0004100
EISBN: 978-1-62708-184-9
.... Storage tanks are designed to store products economically and in an environmentally safe way. Internal corrosion can be controlled by a combination of protective coatings and cathodic protection. Soil-side external corrosion can be mitigated by cathodic protection with and without the use of protective...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003130
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
... alloys in various environments, such as in natural atmospheres, fresh waters, seawater, and soils, and when exposed to chemicals and their solutions and foods. It describes the forms of corrosion of aluminum and aluminum alloys, including pitting corrosion, intergranular corrosion, exfoliation corrosion...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13b.a0003819
EISBN: 978-1-62708-183-2
... Immersion Flowing (b) 5.59 0.22 5 Kure Beach, NC Seawater Immersion … 15.24 0.60 4 (a) At 150 mm/s (0.5 ft/s). (b) At 60 mm/s (0.2 ft/s) Corrosion of lead alloys in various soils Table 4 Corrosion of lead alloys in various soils Maximum exposure time: 11 years...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13C
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13c.a0004121
EISBN: 978-1-62708-184-9
... conditions, including soils, waters, or atmospheres of varying corrosivity. It presents the case studies illustrating typical examples of the types of corrosion problems found on military installations. The article describes the various corrosion-control technologies used in military facilities...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003144
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
... and Extruded Products Wrought Product Applications Atmospheric Corrosion Corrosion of Zinc in Water Corrosion of Zinc in Soils Corrosion of Zinc in Chemicals Nonaqueous Corrosion Cathodic Protection with Zinc Anodes Primary Zinc Production Secondary Zinc Production Uses of Zinc...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003146
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
... Cardington, England Rural 1 99.995% Pb 1.422 0.056 8 Cristobal, Panama Tropical, marine 8 Chemical 1.346 0.053 3 Miraflores, Colombia Tropical, marine 8 Chemical 0.762 0.030 3 Corrosion of lead alloys in various soils Table 9 Corrosion of lead alloys in various soils...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13C
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13c.a0004213
EISBN: 978-1-62708-184-9
... sulfate reference electrode (CSE). Source: Ref 11 Fig. 2 Differential corrosion cell created by differences in soils. Arrows indicate the direction of ionic and electronic current flow. Fig. 6 Example of colony of stress-corrosion cracks on external surface of high-pressure gas...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2003
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13a.a0003661
EISBN: 978-1-62708-182-5
.... and Godard H.P. , Influence of Specimen Area on the Pitting Probability of Aluminum , J. Electrochem. Soc. , Vol 102 , Oct 1955 , p 577 10.1149/1.2429915 18. Scott G.N. , Adjustment of Soil Corrosion Pit Depth Measurements for Size of Sample , Proceedings of the American Petroleum...