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soft solders

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Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13b.a0003818
EISBN: 978-1-62708-183-2
... behavior on soft solders, pewter, bearing alloys, tin-copper alloys, and tin-silver alloys. It reviews the influence of corrosion on immersion tin coating, tin-cadmium alloy coatings, tin-cobalt coatings, tin-copper coatings, tin-lead coatings, tin-nickel coatings, and tin-zinc coatings. The general...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003145
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
... of tin solders tin chemicals tin-base alloys tinplate TIN is a soft, brilliant white, low-melting metal that is most widely known and characterized in the form of coating for steel, that is, tinplate. In the molten state, it reacts with and readily wets most of the common metals and their...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003116
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
... cooling at approximately 25 °C/h (50 °F/h) from full annealing temperature, or holding for one hour or more at subcritical annealing temperature, is required to produce the desired soft structure of ferrite and spheroidized carbides. However, parts that have undergone only cold working after full...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1994
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05.a0001273
EISBN: 978-1-62708-170-2
... Abstract Babbitting is a process by which relatively soft metals are bonded chemically or mechanically to a stronger shell or stiffener which supports the weight and torsion of a rotating, oscillating, or sliding shaft. This article focuses on workpiece preparation and babbitting methods. Prior...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 4E
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2016
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v04e.a0006261
EISBN: 978-1-62708-169-6
..., special-purpose alloys such as nitinol shape memory alloys, low-expansion alloys, electrical-resistance alloys and soft magnetic alloys. Finally, the article focuses on heat treatment modeling for selecting the appropriate heat treatment process. aging annealing corrosion-resistant nickel alloys...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 22A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2009
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v22a.a0005444
EISBN: 978-1-62708-196-2
... Inconel 0.036 Hastelloy B 0.027 Hastelloy C 0.03 Hastelloy D 0.05 Illium G 0.029 Illium R 0.031 60Ni-24Fe-16Cr 0.032 35Ni-45Fe-20Cr 0.031 Constantan 0.051 Tin and tin alloys Pure tin 0.15 Soft solder (63Sn-37Pb) 0.12 Tin foil (92Sn-8Zn) 0.14 Titanium...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 22A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2009
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v22a.a0005442
EISBN: 978-1-62708-196-2
... 8.4 0.30 60Ni-24Fe-16Cr 8.247 0.298 35Ni-45Fe-20Cr 7.95 0.287 Constantan 8.9 0.32 Tin and tin alloys Pure tin 7.3 0.264 Soft solder (30% Pb) 8.32 0.301 Soft solder (37% Pb) 8.42 0.304 Tin Babbitt  Alloy 1 7.34 0.265  Alloy 2 7.39 0.267  Alloy 3 7.46...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003146
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
... bars, as well as soft materials such as rubber- or plastic-covered power cables. Common flux-cored solders and collapsible tubes are typical of the variety of lead and lead alloy extrusions. The low melting point of lead (327 °C, or 621 °F), makes it one of the simplest metals to cast at about 425...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13b.a0006543
EISBN: 978-1-62708-183-2
... 80Ni-20Cr … 8.4 0.30 60Ni-24Fe-16Cr … 8.247 0.298 35Ni-45Fe-20Cr … 7.95 0.287 Constantan … 8.9 0.32 Tin and tin alloys Pure tin L13002 7.3 0.264 Soft solder  30% Pb … 8.32 0.301  37% Pb … 8.42 0.304 Tin babbitt  Alloy 1 … 7.34 0.265  Alloy 2...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 6A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 31 October 2011
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v06a.9781627081740
EISBN: 978-1-62708-174-0
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 23
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v23.a0005670
EISBN: 978-1-62708-198-6
..., pure gold is a very soft and ductile material, but it is cold workable to considerably higher hardness values ( Ref 31 ). In addition, direct gold has a yellow color, which has proven to work well with the color of the tooth structure ( Ref 31 ). Direct filling gold is used in several forms for dental...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1994
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05.a0001249
EISBN: 978-1-62708-170-2
... alloys with most other metals to form a series of unique alloys, many of which are used as solders. It is soft enough to be readily marked by light fingernail pressure. Indium can be easily extruded at very low pressures: solders containing 50% In can be extruded as 1 mm (0.04 in.) wire at a pressure of...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003082
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
...-molybdenum-copper alloys Illium G 8.58 0.310 Illium R 8.58 0.310 Electrical resistance alloys 80Ni-20Cr 8.4 0.30 60Ni-24Fe-16Cr 8.247 0.298 35Ni-45Fe-20Cr 7.95 0.287 Constantan 8.9 0.32 Tin and tin alloys Pure tin 7.3 0.264 Soft solder  30% Pb 8.32...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13b.a0003819
EISBN: 978-1-62708-183-2
... present in the water increase both the hardness and the protective value of the film. In contrast, nitrate and chloride ions either interfere with the formation of the protective film or penetrate it; thus, they increase corrosion. In soft, aerated natural and domestic waters, the corrosion rate depends...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1994
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05.a0001309
EISBN: 978-1-62708-170-2
..., rinsed in hot water, dried, buffed lightly with a soft cloth wheel, and lacquered, if desired. Reddish bronze to dark brown (statuary bronze) Sulfurated potash, 57 g (2 oz); sodium hydroxide, 85 g (3 oz); water, 4 L (1 gal) Temperature, 77 °C (170 °F); immersion time depends on final color desired...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1994
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05.a0001250
EISBN: 978-1-62708-170-2
... coating of electrodeposited tin provides beneficial properties, such as excellent solderability, ductility, softness, and corrosion or tarnish resistance. In this way, the stronger materials that are required for their engineering properties can be enhanced by the desirable properties of tin on their...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 14A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v14a.a0004013
EISBN: 978-1-62708-185-6
... characterized by one of two configurations: hard-core/soft-clad or soft-core/hard-clad. The various parameters that influence coextrusion/drawing are listed in Table 1 . Successful coextrusion depends on the metallurgical and mechanical compatibility of the clad and core as well as the on laminarity of flow of...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 14A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v14a.a0003987
EISBN: 978-1-62708-185-6
... pressure, a commercial deep-drawing compound is sometimes used. Coining dies may fail by wear, deformation due to compression, or cracking. With low coining pressures and soft work metal, wear failures predominate. With some combinations of die metal and work metal, dies may fail by adhesion (wear caused...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1994
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05.a0001266
EISBN: 978-1-62708-170-2
... purity of electroless gold deposits is 99.9% or better. This results in a soft gold film of less than 90 Knoop hardness, suitable for soldering and bonding. The density of the deposited metal is about 19.3 g/cm 3 . The grain structure, as observed by scanning electron microscopy ( Fig. 1 ) exhibits a...
Book: Casting
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 15
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v15.a0005318
EISBN: 978-1-62708-187-0
...-corrosion study by Uddeholm ( Ref 14 ). In an aluminum melt, wear losses for soft-annealed dies were significantly higher than those for hardened dies. Brass melts were found to react more strongly in steels with higher nickel content. Soft...