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soft natural rubber

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Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13b.a0003847
EISBN: 978-1-62708-183-2
... Abstract Natural and synthetic rubber linings are used extensively in many industries for their corrosion and/or abrasion resistance. These industries include transportation, chemical processing, water treatment, power, mineral processing, and mining. This article provides information on soft...
Book Chapter

By Rebecca Tuszynski
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 1995
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.emde.a0003011
EISBN: 978-1-62708-200-6
... succession of changes: elastic, yield, plastic flow, necking, strain hardening, and fracture. Rubber is unique in being soft, highly extensible, and highly elastic. Considering rubber as an engineering material, we can employ the term shear modulus, G = NkT , where N is the number of chains, k is...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 September 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05b.a0006027
EISBN: 978-1-62708-172-6
... where adjacent rubber sheets join are of particular concern, because most rubber lining failures occur at the seams. Rubber sheets used for corrosion protection usually comprise two or more different types of rubbers laminated together to form the finalized sheet. Natural rubbers derived from latex...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003177
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
... nonferrous metals. The article reviews the various types of forming processes such as blanking, piercing, fine-edge blanking, press bending, press forming, forming by multiple-slide machines, deep drawing, stretch forming, spinning, rubber-pad forming, three-roll forming, contour roll forming, drop hammer...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006782
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... recent development. Polymeric materials include plastics, rubbers, and elastomers. Subcategories of plastics are thermoplastics, materials that can be formed using heat and generally also under pressure, and thermoset plastics, materials that undergo a plastic stage during formation and become cross...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 23
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v23.a0005660
EISBN: 978-1-62708-198-6
... materials (e.g., nanomaterials) for medical devices underscores the interdisciplinary framework of medical device technology today. Figure 1 illustrates the traditional role that materials have played in the restoration of anatomic soft or hard tissue, as in the case of orthopaedic implant devices (i.e...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006765
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
...). Specimen etched with nital Abrasive wheels should be selected according to the manufacturer’s recommendations. Wheels consist of abrasive particles, chiefly alumina or silicon carbide (SiC), and filler in a binder material that may be a resin, rubber, or a mixture of resin and rubber. Alumina is the...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 23
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v23.a0005672
EISBN: 978-1-62708-198-6
..., which results in low peel strengths. However, toughened epoxy adhesives are available that contain a rubber-based impact modifier dispersed throughout the glassy matrix. The addition of rubber particles makes epoxy more resistant to crack propagation. Silicone adhesives are soft thermoset elastomers...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003145
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
... Abstract Tin is a soft, brilliant white, low-melting metal that is most widely known and characterized in the form of coating. This article discusses the primary and secondary production of tin and explains the uses of tin in coating, namely tinplating, electroplating, and hot dip coatings. It...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 23
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v23.a0005682
EISBN: 978-1-62708-198-6
... Abstract This article outlines some of the selection criteria for choosing an implant material for biomedical devices in orthopedic, dental, soft-tissue, and cardiovascular applications. It details the development of implants based on materials, such as metallic implants, ceramic implants, and...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 September 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05b.a0006006
EISBN: 978-1-62708-172-6
... only to minimize product/steel interaction, a thin-film inorganic zinc may be used, such as when shipping solvents. Natural rubber lining is based on the rubber derived from the sap of the rubber tree. Compounded with various additives such as pigments and vulcanizers, the dried sap is formed into...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13b.a0003848
EISBN: 978-1-62708-183-2
... installation if it has to go over a sharp edge that cuts the part. Another common cause of mechanical damage is a dynamic application that causes abrasion of the elastomer surface. Natural rubber (NR) is derived from the sap of a number of plants in the form of latex. The typical structure for natural rubber...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 23
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v23.a0005676
EISBN: 978-1-62708-198-6
... occurs that causes the material to harden (cure or cross link). Rubber materials are thermosets that exhibit elastomeric properties (i.e., they can be stretched easily and will spring back when the stress is released). Rubber materials are relatively soft and deformable at ambient temperatures. Their...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1994
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05.a0001228
EISBN: 978-1-62708-170-2
... Removing flash from rubber or plastic molding operations Carving or decorative etching of glass, porcelain, wood, or natural stone such as granite or marble The types of workpieces that can be mechanically cleaned include: Ferrous and nonferrous castings Forgings or stampings Steel plate...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 1995
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.emde.a0003047
EISBN: 978-1-62708-200-6
...: Polyamide, polyester Elastomers: Neoprene, nitrile rubber, styrene-butadiene block copolymers Polyolefins: Natural rubber, polybutadiene, polypropylene Natural glues: Casein, hide glue, fish glue, vegetable glue Performance is defined as the ability of the adhesive to meet the needs of...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1994
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05.a0001232
EISBN: 978-1-62708-170-2
...-point machining methods. With the advent of processes such as high-efficiency deep grinding, it is likely that some soft and easy-to-machine materials will be finished using abrasive finishing methods. Abrasive finishing is used in industrial practice for a wide range of materials. Typical examples...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 1995
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.emde.a0003030
EISBN: 978-1-62708-200-6
... properties make it unnecessary to use glass or inorganic fiber reinforcements to improve strength. This is advantageous because these additives can lead to abrasive wear in some applications. Elastomers such as natural and synthetic rubbers and fluoroelastomers can be used as soft-lined plain bearings...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 1995
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.emde.a0003042
EISBN: 978-1-62708-200-6
...-jet cutting lends itself to nonmetallic materials such as leather, rubber, urethane, softer plastics, and thin composites, with the advantages of fast, distortion-free, accurate, and clean cutting. The principle behind water-jet cutting is that a hydraulically driven intensifier unit pumps a fluid...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003133
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
... as in wiring harnesses for manned space vehicles. Until a few years ago, natural rubber was used, but this has now been supplanted by synthetics such as butyl rubber and EPR. Synthetic rubbers are used wherever good flexibility must be maintained, such as in welding or mining cable. Many...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 17
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2018
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v17.a0006444
EISBN: 978-1-62708-190-0
... of the predicted mode shapes). To simplify finite-element modeling, compliant clamps, such as soft rubber grips, can often be approximated as a free-boundary condition. Currently, there is no single accepted procedure for verifying vibration amplitude, coverage, and consistency. However, some...