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Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003153
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
... Abstract This article discusses the ferromagnetic properties of soft magnetic materials, explaining the effects of impurities, alloying elements, heat treatment, grain size, and grain orientation on soft magnetic materials. It describes the types of soft magnetic materials, which include high...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 23
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v23.a0005682
EISBN: 978-1-62708-198-6
... Abstract This article outlines some of the selection criteria for choosing an implant material for biomedical devices in orthopedic, dental, soft-tissue, and cardiovascular applications. It details the development of implants based on materials, such as metallic implants, ceramic implants, and...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 22A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2009
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v22a.a0005445
EISBN: 978-1-62708-196-2
... steels and alloys; thermostat metals; electrical contact materials; and magnetically soft materials. electrical conductivity electrical resistivity aluminum aluminum alloys copper copper alloys electrical heating alloys relay steel thermostat metal electrical contact materials...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003154
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
... the ( B d H d ) max point. Fig. 6 Magnetization curves for anisotropic cast Alnico permanent magnet materials Magnetically soft materials differ from permanent magnet materials not only in their higher permeabilities, but also, and more significantly, in their much lower resistance...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003167
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
... conditions. The antifriction behavior of copper-base bearing alloys improves as lead content increases, although at the same time strength is degraded because of increased interruption of the continuity of the copper alloy matrix by the soft weak lead. Thus, through judicious control of tin content, lead...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 23
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v23.a0005675
EISBN: 978-1-62708-198-6
... implanted in living tissues is inert; all materials elicit a response from living tissues. Table 1 shows five-types of response to hard tissues, together with soft-tissue responses. Such materials are appropriate for artificial organs or percutaneous devices. These types of tissue responses allow four...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 14A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v14a.a0003975
EISBN: 978-1-62708-185-6
..., magnesium and copper alloys 6150 at 461–477 HB Hard facing alloy 4A on 1020 steel (b) : or Ol at 58–60 HRC D2 at 58–60 HRC D2 at 58–60 HRC 1020 soft Hard facing alloy 4A on 1020 steel (b) (a) Both normal and close trimming. (b) Hard facing alloy 4A has nominal composition of Co-1C-30Cr...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003188
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
... determining whether heavy roughing, roughing, semifinishing, or finishing is needed. For example, the high-speed finishing of steel requires high wear and deformation resistance. Coated grades, cermets, and ceramics are candidates for this type of operation. Workpiece material type (hard, soft and gummy...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 23
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v23.a0005656
EISBN: 978-1-62708-198-6
... for multiple decades. In the late 1940s, porous materials to fill soft tissue defects were explored. During the 1950s, analysis was performed on porous polyvinyl sponges, initially investigated as soft tissue implants, for use in bone reconstruction and in augmenting autogenous grafting ( Ref 3...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 23
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v23.a0005652
EISBN: 978-1-62708-198-6
... the research that has led to recognition of titanium alloys as particularly suitable for use in contact with bone. He found that the metals being used at the time for implant manufacture elicited a relatively minor response by soft tissues. Many of these same materials are still used in medical device...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003087
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
... resistance, or wear resistance. There are numerous options for product design and materials selection, and frequently they cannot be quantified. This precludes the use of mathematical optimization routines and shifts the emphasis to experience. Experience is essential in dealing with these “soft issues...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003157
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
... copper is relatively soft, anneals at low temperatures, and lacks the spring properties sometimes desired. Some copper alloys, harder than pure copper and having much better spring properties, are listed in Table 1 . The annealing temperature of copper can be increased by additions of 0.25% Zn, 0.5% Cr...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003089
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
... relatively low, weaker and more expensive copper tubing might be a better choice than stronger steel pipe. Steel pipe comes in sections and is joined by threaded connections with elbows at corners, whereas soft copper can be obtained in coils and can be easily bent around corners. Thus, the lower...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 14A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v14a.a0004025
EISBN: 978-1-62708-185-6
... among the three materials is their microstructure. Commercially pure titanium grade 3 displayed an equiaxed microstructure ( Fig. 13a ). Commercially pure titanium grade 2 displayed a fine Widmanstätten structure ( Fig. 13b ), which is needlelike, made up of hard alpha and soft beta phases. The heat...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 20
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1997
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v20.9781627081948
EISBN: 978-1-62708-194-8
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 23
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v23.a0005660
EISBN: 978-1-62708-198-6
... materials (e.g., nanomaterials) for medical devices underscores the interdisciplinary framework of medical device technology today. Figure 1 illustrates the traditional role that materials have played in the restoration of anatomic soft or hard tissue, as in the case of orthopaedic implant devices (i.e...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 23
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v23.a0005677
EISBN: 978-1-62708-198-6
... copper ( Table 1 ). A dental die is a replica of the hard or soft tissues, or both, and must be strong and resistant to abrasion because it is subjected to the stresses of carving and finishing a restoration. Some representative properties are listed in Table 2 . Endodontic instruments such as...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 1995
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.emde.a0003005
EISBN: 978-1-62708-200-6
... Abstract The selection of engineered materials is an integrated process that requires an understanding of the interaction between materials properties, manufacturing characteristics, design considerations, and the total life cycle of the product. This article classifies various engineered...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 4B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 September 2014
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v04b.a0005930
EISBN: 978-1-62708-166-5
... are steady and are not within the σ-forming temperature range. Transformation from ferrite to σ phase at elevated temperature is accompanied by a change from ferromagnetic material and from a soft to a very hard, brittle material. All heat-resistant alloys of the Fe-Ni-Cr group are wholly austenitic...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 17
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2018
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v17.a0006461
EISBN: 978-1-62708-190-0
... properties of surfaces. It has benefits for measuring soft samples that can be damaged when using just AFM inspection to measure surface properties, due to tearing by the AFM cantilever ( Ref 124 ). The use of UFM with Rayleigh waves for high-resolution NDE is currently being investigated ( Ref 125...