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sliding bearings

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Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0001809
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... Abstract This article discusses the classification of sliding bearings and describes the major groups of soft metal bearing materials: babbitts, copper-lead bearing alloys, bronze, and aluminum alloys. It provides a discussion on the methods for fluid-film lubrication in bearings. The article...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 18
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 31 December 2017
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v18.a0006398
EISBN: 978-1-62708-192-4
... Abstract Bearings are usually provided where a specific spatial relationship (alignment) must be maintained between the parts or where a force is to be transmitted from one part to the other. This article introduces the general types and configuration of sliding bearings, bearing materials, and...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003167
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
... Abstract A sliding bearing (plain bearing) is a machine element designed to transmit loads or reaction forces to a shaft that rotates relative to the bearing. This article explains the role of wear damage mechanisms in the design and selection of bearing materials, and its relationship with...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 18
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 31 December 2017
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v18.a0006412
EISBN: 978-1-62708-192-4
... Abstract A sliding bearing (plain bearing) is a machine element designed to transmit loads or reaction forces to a shaft that rotates relative to the bearing. This article discusses the properties of bearing materials. It provides information on bearing material systems: single-metal systems...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 8
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2000
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v08.a0003326
EISBN: 978-1-62708-176-4
... Abstract This article provides an overview of two major classes of bearings: rolling bearings and sliding, or plain, bearings. It reviews the experimental data resulted from testing of rolling and sliding bearing materials with illustration. The article presents a table that summarizes rolling...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 18
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 31 December 2017
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v18.a0006426
EISBN: 978-1-62708-192-4
... Abstract Rolling-element bearings, also called rolling bearings and antifriction bearings, tend to have very low friction characteristics compared to plain bearings or simple sliding bearings. This article discusses the types of rolling-element bearings, namely, ball bearings and roller...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0001810
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... bearings are designed on the principle of rolling contact rather than sliding contact; frictional effects, although low, are not negligible, and lubrication is essential. The article lists the typical characteristics and causes of several types of failures. It describes failure by wear, failure by fretting...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 18
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 31 December 2017
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v18.a0006380
EISBN: 978-1-62708-192-4
... chosen to mimic the kind of sliding motion that occurs in the application of interest. For example, simulations of hip implant wear should involve cross-path motions, but simulation of piston-ring-on-cylinder-liner wear should involve linear oscillation. Bearings, gears, and other practical engineering...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 8
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2000
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v08.a0003285
EISBN: 978-1-62708-176-4
... (e.g., galling or scuffing). Adhesion is clearly demonstrated in sliding systems when a shaft seizes in a bearing. The types of surface damage caused by sliding contact include adhesive wear, galling, and fretting. These three damage mechanisms are all influenced by adhesion of the mating surfaces...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 18
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 31 December 2017
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v18.a0006362
EISBN: 978-1-62708-192-4
... common use, but in all cases, lift is generated by relative sliding motion between the bearing surfaces dragging gas into some form of converging gap. Gap size is usually less than 5 μm and, in the case of hard disc-drive read heads, may be as low as 3 nm ( Ref 35 ). Slip flow occurs in bearings...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 18
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 31 December 2017
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v18.a0006407
EISBN: 978-1-62708-192-4
...: Lubrication of the sliding contact between the retainer and other bearing components Elastohydrodynamic lubrication of all true rolling contacts Lubrication in that part of the contact between the raceways and the rolling elements not represented by true rolling Other functions of the lubricant...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 4D
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 October 2014
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v04d.a0005978
EISBN: 978-1-62708-168-9
... Abstract The choice of heat treatment depends on the service requirements of a given bearing and how the bearing will be made. This article describes the design parameters, material characteristics required to sustain performance characteristics, metallurgical properties, and dimensional...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1994
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05.a0001273
EISBN: 978-1-62708-170-2
... Abstract Babbitting is a process by which relatively soft metals are bonded chemically or mechanically to a stronger shell or stiffener which supports the weight and torsion of a rotating, oscillating, or sliding shaft. This article focuses on workpiece preparation and babbitting methods. Prior...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006792
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... FATIGUE (RCF) is a common failure mode in components subjected to rolling or rolling-sliding contact (e.g., rolling-element bearings, railway tracks, gears). It is characterized by crack propagation caused by the near-surface alternating shear stress field, caused by rolling or rolling-sliding contact...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 2B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v02b.a0006551
EISBN: 978-1-62708-210-5
... relatively low hardness, which favors large plastic deformation under sliding conditions. This article discusses the classes and mechanisms of wear in aluminum-silicon alloys, aluminum-tin bearing alloys, and aluminum-matrix composites; describes the effect of material-related parameters on wear behavior of...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 18
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 31 December 2017
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v18.a0006377
EISBN: 978-1-62708-192-4
... 2 and WS 2 coatings with organic binders are used in applications such as gears, cams, sliding bearings, or low-speed ball bearings and generally perform better in sliding than rolling applications. For small-clearance and torque-sensitive applications, they are too thick with too much variation...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003563
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... spraying A MAJOR CAUSE of failure in components subjected to rolling or rolling/sliding contacts (e.g., rolling-contact bearings, gears, and cam/tappet arrangements) is contact fatigue. Rolling-contact fatigue (RCF) can be defined as the mechanism of crack propagation caused by the near-surface...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006791
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... contacting surfaces. In extreme cases, it may lead to complete prevention of sliding; as such, adhesive wear represents one of the fundamental causes of failure for most metal sliding contacts, accounting for approximately 70% of typical component failures. This article discusses the mechanism and failure...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 19
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1996
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v19.a0002401
EISBN: 978-1-62708-193-1
... moves up the profile of the loaded tooth, a sliding-rolling action takes place at the profile interface. At the pitch line, tractive forces are negligible and loading conditions resemble those developed in roller bearings ( Ref 9 ). Above the pitch line, a rolling-sliding action takes over, but the...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006789
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... some typical examples of engineering systems that can experience such wear failures ( Ref 5 ). Sliding wear may occur when the surfaces are under sliding motion, which may be continuous, such as in bearings, or reciprocating, such as pistons in cylinders and tappets. During reciprocating sliding with a...