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slab method

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Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 22A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2009
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v22a.a0005456
EISBN: 978-1-62708-196-2
... Abstract This article focuses on approximate closed-form analytical methods, such as slab and upper bound methods, used for forward and inverse design of metal forming problems. Selected examples of application of these methods to metal forming processes are also discussed. slab method...
Image
Published: 01 December 2009
Fig. 5 Formulation of the finite and slab element method for the shape rolling process. In the top figure, the deforming workpiece is cut into a finite number of slabs. The force balance is applied on the slab element ( J th cross section), while the transverse deformation is handled through More
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 22A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2009
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v22a.a0005461
EISBN: 978-1-62708-196-2
... Abstract This article discusses physical analysis, including slab method and upper-bound method and slip-line field analysis, for calculating stress states in plastic deformation processes. It presents various validation standards and models for evaluating the criterion of fracture for use...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 14A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v14a.a0004013
EISBN: 978-1-62708-185-6
..., billet configurations, and metal flow modes of coextrusion. It presents the analytical studies of coextrusion: deformation energy methods, lower-bound (slab) analyses, upper-bound analyses, and finite-element analyses. These studies are used to identify the regime of material properties and process...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 14A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v14a.a0004009
EISBN: 978-1-62708-185-6
... products from blooms, billets, and slabs. It describes two methods for shapes or sections: universal rolling and caliber rolling. The article provides information on two-high mills and three-high mills. Specialty mills for thin sheets, namely, the Sendzimir mill and planetary mill, are discussed...
Book: Casting
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 15
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v15.a0005238
EISBN: 978-1-62708-187-0
... formulation, multidomain approaches, and arbitrary Lagrangian Eulerian method in solidification modeling. It illustrates the sand casting of braking disks and continuous casting of steel slabs. continuous casting distortion hot tearing mechanical behavior model validation sand casting steel slabs...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 4C
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 09 June 2014
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v04c.a0005840
EISBN: 978-1-62708-167-2
..., and brazing and fabricating the copper coil winding for heating billets, bars, and slabs. The article describes refractory selection criteria and the methods of mounting and securing the induction coil winding, and presents general refractory installation guidelines for induction heating applications...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 4C
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 09 June 2014
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v04c.a0005897
EISBN: 978-1-62708-167-2
... Abstract Estimation of process parameters for selective heating and heat treating of simple- and complex-shaped workpieces in induction hardening can be accurately carried out using numerical simulation techniques such as the finite-element analysis and the finite-different method. Along...
Book: Casting
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 15
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v15.a0005296
EISBN: 978-1-62708-187-0
... such as near-net shape casting, tundish metallurgy, and pouring stream protection. The article discusses the use and capabilities of different molds for steel continuous casting, including thin-wall tube-type molds, solid molds, and plate molds. The article explains the methods for enhancing productivity...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 21
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2001
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v21.a0003482
EISBN: 978-1-62708-195-5
... of vehicles and load levels) have created a critical need for methods of repair and strengthening of beams and girders, as well as deck soffits and bridge deck slabs. The need for increasing load capacity/rating of bridges due to requirements for uniform postings over a region, such as in Europe, or the need...
Image
Published: 01 December 2004
Fig. 8 Longitudinal section through 25 mm (1 in.) thick slab of alloy 1100 cast by the Hazelett (two-belt) method. Tucker's reagent. Actual size. Source: Ref 4 More
Book: Casting
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 15
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v15.a0005288
EISBN: 978-1-62708-187-0
... Abstract This article reviews the history and methods of copper alloy continuous casting. These methods include vertical continuous casting and horizontal continuous casting. The article discusses the upcasting methods used in vertical continuous casting and strip casting used in horizontal...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 14B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v14b.a0005169
EISBN: 978-1-62708-186-3
... International d Unites watt aP SLP slip-line eld WIP work; width b draft angle of preform w2 SM sequential linear programming wp relative portion of power bt Rt SPC Sachs (slab) method WRC C_ Searle s parameter (b= ) SPD statistical process control W_ s consumed by friction c SPF severe plastic deformation...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13C
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13c.a0004167
EISBN: 978-1-62708-184-9
... shorts and flaws in insulation requires considerable field testing. Repairs require jackhammer excavation in the track slab. Track construction methods should include flaw (holiday) detection just prior to placing concrete. At that time, an insulating boot can be tested with a high-voltage holiday...
Book: Casting
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 15
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v15.a0005286
EISBN: 978-1-62708-187-0
... in the DC process are summarized. The article explains continuous processes, namely, twin-roll strip casting, slab casting, and wheel-belt processes. It concludes with information on postsolidification processes, including stress relief and scalping, and a discussion of safety practices for ingot casting...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 8
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2000
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v08.a0003265
EISBN: 978-1-62708-176-4
... tests that measure the compressive behavior of the materials. Results of these tests provide accurate input parameters for product-or process-design computations. Under certain circumstances, compression testing may also have advantages over other testing methods. Tension testing is by far the most...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 1
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1990
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v01.a0001007
EISBN: 978-1-62708-161-0
... be carried out in a blast furnace by using increased slag volumes to absorb the sulfur, but this method requires higher coke rates. Therefore, such practices were abandoned in the 1960s in favor of desulfurization external to the blast furnace. It is important to remember that calcium and magnesium...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 2A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 November 2018
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v02a.a0006485
EISBN: 978-1-62708-207-5
... Alternatives to conventional ingot for rolled products, sheet, and foil include strip and slab casting. Each offers production rates at significantly reduced capital cost when compared with the equipment, facilities, and mills required for conventional hot rolling. A number of intermediate processing steps...
Book Chapter

By Samuel M. Purdy
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 9
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2004
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v09.a0003750
EISBN: 978-1-62708-177-1
... with the unaided eye, by etching an appropriately prepared surface. The procedure is used in process metallurgy as both a quality-control tool and an investigatory tool. For example, segregation and inclusion stringers in billets and slabs, flow lines in forgings, and depth of weld penetration are made evident...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13b.a0003843
EISBN: 978-1-62708-183-2
... additional information about surface defects in slabs. Addressing Durability with the Prescriptive Approach Durability of concrete can be addressed by two approaches. The first is known as the prescriptive approach, where designers specify materials, proportions, and construction methods based...