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single-filament tension test

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Book Chapter

Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 1995
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.emde.a0003039
EISBN: 978-1-62708-200-6
... design factors, and techniques to produce aerodynamic surfaces, improve surface smoothness, and avoid slipping and bridging of filament. The article discusses tooling and the equipment used in the filament winding process, namely, mandrel design, winding machines, tensioners, and ovens. curing...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 1995
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.emde.a0003057
EISBN: 978-1-62708-200-6
... Abstract This article describes testing and characterization methods of ceramics for chemical analysis, phase analysis, microstructural analysis, macroscopic property characterization, strength and proof testing, thermophysical property testing, and nondestructive evaluation techniques...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 8
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2000
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v08.9781627081764
EISBN: 978-1-62708-176-4
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13b.a0003818
EISBN: 978-1-62708-183-2
... is anticipated, the incorporation of approximately 0.1% Bi is recommended to avoid the problem ( Ref 3 ). Tin is subject to a form of recrystallization at room temperature that manifests itself as a growth of thin (1 to 2 μm, or 0.04 to 0.08 mil, diam), single-crystal filaments from the surface of...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 1995
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.emde.a0003063
EISBN: 978-1-62708-200-6
... Abstract Ceramic-matrix composites (CMCs) are being developed for a number of high-temperature and high-performance applications in industrial, aerospace, and energy conservation sectors. This article focuses on processing, fabrication, testing, and characterization methods of CMCs, namely...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 21
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2001
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v21.9781627081955
EISBN: 978-1-62708-195-5
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 1995
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.emde.a0003032
EISBN: 978-1-62708-200-6
... molding compounds are generally omnidirectional in the plane of the part unless flow in molding causes directional orientation of the reinforcing fibers. Fig. 4 Definitions of test axes for various composite types. (a) Unidirectional continuous fiber-resin composites (filament wind, tape laydown...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006769
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... chemical analysis. Modifying the vacuum system can allow examination of a wide range of sample types, including nonconductive or wet samples. Thus, a number of types of SEMs now exist with slightly different capabilities. A conventional SEM typically uses a heated filament to produce electrons. These...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 1995
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.emde.a0003033
EISBN: 978-1-62708-200-6
... strength of glass. This is best illustrated by measuring the pristine single-filament strength at liquid nitrogen temperatures where moisture influence has been minimized. The result is an increase of 50 to 100% in strength over a measurement at room temperature in 50% relative humidity air. The loss in...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 12
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1987
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v12.a0001835
EISBN: 978-1-62708-181-8
... overloads. Fig. 9 Formation of dimples under conditions of tension using a copper test specimen. Note that the dimples are equiaxed. 750× Fig. 10 Fracture of a high-strength steel under conditions of transverse shear overload. Fractographs at 25× (top) and 1000× (bottom) Because the...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 24
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 June 2020
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v24.9781627082907
EISBN: 978-1-62708-290-7
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 1995
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.emde.a0003038
EISBN: 978-1-62708-200-6
... provide reasonably long pay-out periods without defects, splices, or changes in cross-sectional volume. The most common and least expensive form of continuous reinforcement is roving, which consists of continuous axial filaments in single- and multiple-strand configurations. Glass rovings are designated...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 12
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1987
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v12.a0001830
EISBN: 978-1-62708-181-8
... of metallography. Fig. 3 Sketches from R.A.F. de Réaumur ( Ref 10 ) showing notched-bar fracture test specimen, enlarged view of grains, and details of fracture in cast iron. (a) A notched-bar fracture test, which allows two identical steel bars to be broken with a single blow. (b) Grain...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 1995
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.emde.a0003012
EISBN: 978-1-62708-200-6
... article “Flammability Testing” in this Volume. Impact modifiers are additives that improve the impact strength or toughness of plastics with minimal impairment of other properties. They can be added in such large percentages (>50%) that they become a component in a blended material rather than an...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2013
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05a.9781627081719
EISBN: 978-1-62708-171-9
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 12
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1987
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v12.a0001836
EISBN: 978-1-62708-181-8
... specimen and with fixtures for supporting the evaporation sources, which are connected to electrical vacuum lead-throughs for resistance heating. Special spring-loaded devices are used for continuously feeding opposed carbon rods (electrodes) into contact. Spiral tungsten filaments, in the form of baskets...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 4E
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2016
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v04e.a0006251
EISBN: 978-1-62708-169-6
...) Tempers T361 and T86l were formerly designated T36 and T86, respectively. (g) Based on 10 7 cycles using flexural-type testing of sheet specimens. (h) Based on 1 4 in. thick specimen. (i) T7451, although not previously registered, has appeared in literature and in some...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13b.a0003815
EISBN: 978-1-62708-183-2
... immersion in 3.5% NaCl solution. A, no known instance of failure in service or in laboratory tests; B, no known instance of failure in service; limited failures in laboratory tests of short-transverse specimens; C, service failures when sustained tension stress acts in short-transverse direction relative to...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 1995
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.emde.a0003067
EISBN: 978-1-62708-200-6
...-of-stove ware can exceed 500 °C (930 °F) when used improperly. A variety of tests are used to quantify glass durability. For example, detergent durability is often evaluated using a 0.3% solution of SuperSoilax detergent held at 95 °C (200 °F). Other solutions used include hydrochloric acid, citric...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 20
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1997
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v20.9781627081948
EISBN: 978-1-62708-194-8