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simple cubic systems

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Book Chapter

Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13b.a0006544
EISBN: 978-1-62708-183-2
... mechanisms used to characterize structures. It illustrates the unit cells and ion positions for some simple metal crystals, arranged alphabetically according to the Pearson symbol. The space lattice and crystal system, space-group notation, and prototype for each crystal are also illustrated. corrosion...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 22A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2009
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v22a.a0005400
EISBN: 978-1-62708-196-2
... crystal structures yield stress face-centered cubic system shear stress Taylor model THE PURPOSE of this article is to enable the reader to understand through examples the fundamentals of crystal plasticity. The rich historical development of crystal plasticity is traced in some detail to enable...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 3
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 27 April 2016
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v03.a0006229
EISBN: 978-1-62708-163-4
..., AlCo, AlCu 2 Zn, AuCd, AuMg, AuMn, AuZn, BeCo, BeCu, BeNi, CdCe, CeHg, CeMg, CeZn, CoFe, CoTi, CsCl, CuPd, CuZn, CuZn 3 , FeAl, FeTi, HgLi 2 Tl, HgMn, InNi, LaMg, LiPb, LiTl, MgPr, MgSr, MgTl, MnPt, NiAl, NiTi, RuTa, TiZn D0 3 Fe 3 Al Simple cubic BiLi 3 , CeMg 3 , Cu 3 Sb, Fe 3 Al, Fe 3 Si, Mg...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 9
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2004
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v09.a0003733
EISBN: 978-1-62708-177-1
..., TiZn D0 3 Fe 3 Al Simple cubic BiLi 3 , CeMg 3 , Cu 3 Sb, Fe 3 Al, Fe 3 Si, Mg 3 Pr Source: Ref 1 . For information on other superlattice structures, see Ref 2 and 3 . Antiphase Boundaries Most alloys that form an ordered structure are disordered at higher temperature, which...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 3
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 27 April 2016
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v03.a0006224
EISBN: 978-1-62708-163-4
... compositions of the phases present, and the amounts of phases present. Phase diagrams provide useful information for understanding alloy solidification. The article provides two simple models that can describe the limiting cases of solidification behavior. alloy solidification binary isomorphous systems...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 9
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2004
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v09.a0003735
EISBN: 978-1-62708-177-1
... interface has been established, although some controversy still surrounds this issue. Massive transformations occur in a wide array of materials, both in pure metals and in alloys. A short list of model binary systems is shown in Table 1 , although it should be noted that this list is not meant...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003084
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
...) orthorhombic, face centered; (8) tetragonal, primitive; (9) tetragonal, body centered; (10) hexagonal, primitive; (11) rhombohedral, primitive; (12) cubic, primitive; (13) cubic, body centered; (14) cubic, face centered Fig. 4 Unit cells and atom positions for some simple metal crystals. Also listed...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 10
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1986
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v10.a0001759
EISBN: 978-1-62708-178-8
... of coordinate system for the sheet itself would be the rolling (length) direction, RD; the sheet normal (thickness) direction, ND; and the transverse (width) direction, TD. These axes are orthogonal, or mutually perpendicular. If the crystalline form is cubic, an appropriate set of coordinate axes...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 22A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2009
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v22a.a0005438
EISBN: 978-1-62708-196-2
... calibration steel MODEL QUALITY is a key factor in the success or failure of any computational materials modeling activity. Unfortunately, no single or simple measure of model quality is available but must be referenced in the context of the intended use of the model. For instance, a model used...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 2
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1990
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v02.a0001106
EISBN: 978-1-62708-162-7
... are usually alkali, alkaline earth metals, or compounds. Cubic boron nitride can be grown from a variety of solvent/catalysts, including metal systems similar to those used for diamond synthesis ( Ref 8 ). Because the pressure-temperature conditions for the conversion of hexagonal boron nitride (HBN) to CBN...
Book Chapter

By K. Subramanian
Book: Machining
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 16
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1989
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v16.a0002152
EISBN: 978-1-62708-188-7
... Abstract Superabrasives collectively refer to the diamond and cubic boron nitride (CBN) abrasives used in grinding applications. This article discusses the classification of superabrasive wheels according to a variety of sizes and shapes, construction, concentration, and bond systems...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 8
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2000
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v08.a0003254
EISBN: 978-1-62708-176-4
... is consistent, the crystalline orientations vary from one grain to another. Fig. 2 Examples of crystal structures. Unit cells: (a) simple cubic, (b) face-centered cubic, (c) body-centered cubic, and (d) hexagonal close-packed. A crystal lattice: (e) three-dimensional simple cubic Fig. 3...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 22A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2009
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v22a.a0005429
EISBN: 978-1-62708-196-2
... This and several other configurations were used to develop a simple free-energy model of the nickel-molybdenum system by approximating the configuration entropy ( Ref 65 ). Lattice Parameters While current PPW codes can optimize supercell geometries by minimizing in the diagonal components of the stress...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 14A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v14a.a0004028
EISBN: 978-1-62708-185-6
... and tensile twinning is more anisotropic than those of fcc and bcc crystals ( Fig. 2c ). While the Bishop and Hill principle removes the ambiguity in choosing the yield stress, another type of ambiguity arises when more than five planes intersect in one vertex, a usual situation in cubic systems...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 4B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 September 2014
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v04b.a0005943
EISBN: 978-1-62708-166-5
... Abstract This article presents a simple cost/pricing system that is reasonably accurate and could easily be recalculated if the yearly cost of any of the basic cost components change. Using the example of a commercial heat treating facility, the operational details are categorized as atmosphere...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 3
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 27 April 2016
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v03.a0006221
EISBN: 978-1-62708-163-4
..., monoclinic; cc, complex cubic. Source: Ref 1 Fig. 2 Arrangement of atoms: (a) face-centered cubic (fcc), (b) hexagonal close-packed (hcp), and (c) body-centered cubic (bcc) crystal structures. Source: Ref 2 Crystals have been classified into seven basic systems (see the appendix...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1994
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05.a0001299
EISBN: 978-1-62708-170-2
... ). Fig. 6 Phase diagram of the ZrO 2 -rich region of the ZrO 2 -Y 2 O 3 system. M, monoclinic phase; C, cubic phase; T, tetragonal phase; L, liquid; t, nontransformable tetragonal. Source: Ref 4 In thermally sprayed yttria-stabilized coatings, the feedstock is powder, which may be fabricated...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 8
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2000
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v08.a0003267
EISBN: 978-1-62708-176-4
... properties at low temperatures is Ref 2 . Metals Most metals are polycrystalline and have one of three relatively simple structures: face-centered cubic (fcc), body-centered cubic (bcc), and close-packed hexagonal (hcp). The temperature dependence of the mechanical properties of the fcc materials...
Book: Casting
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 15
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v15.a0005210
EISBN: 978-1-62708-187-0
... of 1/S with orientation will show protrusions at the orientations that have the minimum stiffness, as illustrated in Fig. 6 for a cubic system with preferred <001> growth directions. Fig. 6 Schematic illustration of the polar plot of the inverse of stiffness showing bumps at easy growth...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 10
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 December 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v10.a0006681
EISBN: 978-1-62708-213-6
... during the exchange. However, careless mistakes in the exchange process could lead to crashing the entire vacuum system in the microscope, which ends up shutting down the system. Therefore, users must pay great attention during exchange operations. Electron Sources All electron microscopes...