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silicon-killed steels

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Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1994
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05.a0001272
EISBN: 978-1-62708-170-2
... additions to the galvanizing bath. (a) Typical hot dip galvanized coating on mild steel. (b) Coating on silicon-killed steel, galvanized in bath containing nickel additions. Note the relatively thin delta layer and the thick, coarse zeta layer in (b). Both 250×. Source: Ref 6 Fig. 16 Effect...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 1
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1990
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v01.a0001040
EISBN: 978-1-62708-161-0
... 1175 MPa (170 ksi). The microstructures of these steels contained tempered martensite. Source: Ref 7 The effect of sulfur on the notch toughness of steels is directly related to deoxidation practice. For rimmed, semi-killed, and silicon-killed steels, sulfur in amounts up to about 0.04% has...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003092
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
...-chromium steel 72 xx W 1.75; Cr 0.75 Silicon-manganese steels 92 xx Si 1.40 and 2.00; Mn 0.65, 0.82, and 0.85; Cr 0 and 0.65 Boron steels xx B xx B denotes boron steel Leaded steels xx L xx L denotes leaded steel Vanadium steels xx V xx V denotes vanadium...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 1
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1990
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v01.a0001011
EISBN: 978-1-62708-161-0
... as deoxidizer usually exceeds 0.010% in the product. (e) Killed steel can be supplied upon request to the manufacturer for grades D through G. When silicon-killed steel is specified, a range of 0.15–0.30% Si shall be supplied. Source: Ref 1 Generally, rimmed (or capped) ingot cast steel has been...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 1
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1990
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v01.a0001031
EISBN: 978-1-62708-161-0
...), the silicon content is generally less than 0.10%. When silicon rather than aluminum is used to kill the rimming action, the silicon content may be as high as 0.40%. Silicon may cause silicate inclusions, which increase the likelihood of cracking during bending. Silicon also increases the strength of the steel...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003100
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
... for all or part of V. (h) Niobium plus vanadium, 0.02 to 0.15%. (i) Nitrogen with vanadium content of 0.015% (max) with a minimum vanadium-to-nitrogen ratio of 4:1. (j) When silicon-killed steel is specified. (k) For plate under 40 mm (1.5 in.), manganese contents are 0.70 to 1.35% or up...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003094
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
... shown are subject to product analysis tolerances. See ASTM A 505. (b) Other silicon ranges are available. Consult the producer. Quality Descriptors Mill Heat Treatment STEEL SHEET frequently is coated in coil form before fabrication either by the steel mills or by specialists called...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003104
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
... the abrasive wear, lubrication and lubricated wear, and selection of steels for wear resistance. The article discusses the effect of alloying elements, composition, and mechanical properties of carbon and low-alloy steels at elevated temperatures. It talks about the fatigue resistance characteristics of steels...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 1
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1990
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v01.a0001013
EISBN: 978-1-62708-161-0
... temperatures. Deoxidation can be achieved by vacuum processing or by adding deoxidizing elements such as aluminum or silicon. Steels are classified by their level of deoxidation: killed steel, semikilled steel, capped steel, and rimmed steel. The steel used for plates is usually either killed or semikilled...
Book Chapter

By R.J. Glodowski
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 1
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1990
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v01.a0001016
EISBN: 978-1-62708-161-0
... Data obtained from rod produced with controlled cooling Steel grade Rimmed Capped Aluminum killed fine-grain steel Silicon killed fine- or coarse-grain steel MPa ksi MPa ksi MPa ksi MPa ksi 1005 350 51 … … 380 55 395 57 1006 360 52 365 53 395 57 405 59...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 1
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1990
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v01.a0001009
EISBN: 978-1-62708-161-0
... of simplicity, however, the various alloying elements listed below are discussed separately. Carbon Manganese Phosphorus Sulfur Silicon Copper Lead Boron Chromium Nickel Molybdenum Niobium Aluminum Titanium and Zirconium The American Iron and Steel Institute defines...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 1
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1990
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v01.a0001025
EISBN: 978-1-62708-161-0
... vanadium-to-nitrogen ratio of 4:1. (j) When silicon-killed steel is specified. (k) For plate under 40 mm (1.5 in.), manganese contents are 0.70 to 1.35% or up to 1.60% if carbon equivalents do not exceed 0.47%. For plate over 40 mm (1 to 5 in.), ASTM A 841 specifies manganese contents of 1.00...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003093
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
... is on of the principal deoxidizers used in steelmaking. The amount of this element in a steel, which is not always noted in the chemical composition specifications, depends on the deoxidation practice specified for the product. Rimmed and capped steels contain minimal silicon, usually less than 0.05%. Fully killed...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 14A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v14a.a0004005
EISBN: 978-1-62708-185-6
... 62 414 60 ZK60A 469 68 455 66 441 64 428 62 400 58 372 54 359 52 Typical tool steels used in extruding aluminum Table 3 Typical tool steels used in extruding aluminum Tool AISI steel Hardness, HRC Die, solid W1 65–67 Die sleeve (a) D2 60–62 L6 56...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 14B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v14b.a0005162
EISBN: 978-1-62708-186-3
... steels, coated and uncoated, are generally supplied as commercial-quality, drawing-quality, and drawing-quality special-killed grades. Typical mechanical properties of low-carbon sheet steels are given in Table 1 . Some steel mills also offer specialized grades, such as interstitial-free deep-drawing...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003091
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
... and recrystallization while preventing any grain growth. Other types of heat treatments can be performed after cold reduction, for example, to solutionize chromium carbides in stainless steel strips or to form a passive oxide on transformer-grade, silicon-steel sheets. Subsequent to heat treatment, a temper rolling...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 6
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1993
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v06.a0001403
EISBN: 978-1-62708-173-3
... Supplementary requirements A 36 0.25–0.29 (for plate thicker than 4 in., or 100 mm) 400–550 MPa (55–80 ksi); 250 MPa (36 ksi) min YP No rimmed or capped steel for plate thicker than 13 mm ( 1 2 in.) Charpy V-notch testing; silicon killed, fine-grain practice A 500 0.23–0.30 Min tensile...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 6
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1993
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v06.a0001432
EISBN: 978-1-62708-173-3
...) Single values are minimums. (c) t , plate thickness. (d) Silicon content varies with deoxidation practice used. Process selection guidelines for arc welding carbon steels Table 5 Process selection guidelines for arc welding carbon steels Parameters SMAW GMAW FCAW GTAW/PAW SAW...
Book Chapter

Book: Casting
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 15
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v15.a0005299
EISBN: 978-1-62708-187-0
... to have good fluidity, steel must be well made and thoroughly deoxidized. Rimming steels have fluidity inferior to that of dead-killed steels. Also, dead-killed steels that are excessively high in deoxidizers, such as aluminum and silicon, have fluidity inferior to that of steels killed with just...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 4D
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 October 2014
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v04d.a0005952
EISBN: 978-1-62708-168-9
..., and 1022 into the field of light-duty gearing by permitting the use of oil quenching in teeth of eight diametral pitch and finer. Steels selected for such applications should be specified silicon-killed fine-grained to ensure uniform case hardness and dimensional control. The core of such gears...