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short-fiber reinforced polymers

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Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003572
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... Abstract This article reviews the abrasive and adhesive wear failure of several types of reinforced polymers, including particulate-reinforced polymers, short-fiber reinforced polymers (SFRP), continuous unidirectional fiber reinforced polymers (FRP), particulate-filled composites, mixed...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 21
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2001
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v21.a0003406
EISBN: 978-1-62708-195-5
... for hand lay-up and spray-up processes is reviewed. The article provides information on the matrix-resin materials used for open molding, including unsaturated polyester resins, epoxy vinyl ester resins, and reinforcements. It explains the component design and short- and long-term properties of a fiber...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.9781627081801
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 21
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2001
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v21.a0003374
EISBN: 978-1-62708-195-5
... Fig. 7 Comparison between the transverse tensile and flexural properties for [90] 12 and the short beam shear strength of A-4 carbon-fiber-epoxy composites. The flexural strength is much higher than the tensile strength. The interlaminar shear strength and transverse tensile and flexural strengths...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 21
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2001
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v21.a0003471
EISBN: 978-1-62708-195-5
... Vitrification/energy recovery ( Ref 1 ) ASR Glassy solids for use in asphalt/concrete, energy Fluidized bed and separation ( Ref 9 ) SMC, filament-wound pipe, or glass-reinforced sandwich panels Short fibers, fillers, and energy ASR, automobile shredder residue; RIM, reaction injection molding; SMC...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 21
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2001
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v21.a0003370
EISBN: 978-1-62708-195-5
... and reduce splay. (i) Fiber reinforcement lengths may be severely reduced. (j) Overheating may produce chemical changes in the base polymer. (k) Fast injection of the molding compound can lead to serious overheating. (l) Filled or reinforced compounds will exhibit much higher viscosity. (m...
Book Chapter

By Karl K. Chang
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 21
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2001
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v21.a0009242
EISBN: 978-1-62708-195-5
... filament forms dominate composite applications, the use of aramid in discontinuous or short fiber forms is rapidly increasing. One reason for the increase is that the inherent toughness and fibrillar nature of aramid allows the creation of fiber forms not readily available with other reinforcing fibers...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 21
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2001
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v21.a0003447
EISBN: 978-1-62708-195-5
... Carbon-Fiber- And Fabric-Reinforced Epoxy Resin Graphite-Fiber-Reinforced Epoxy Resin Quartz-Fabric-Reinforced Epoxy Resin Polyimide thermoset resins reinforced with fillers and short fibers are used as molding compound. In addition, continuous fibers or fabric that is preimpregnated...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 21
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2001
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v21.a0003443
EISBN: 978-1-62708-195-5
... Strength of Parallel Fiber Composites by Short-Beam Method D 3039/D 3039M Standard Test Method for Tensile Properties of Polymer-Matrix Composites D 3410 Standard Test Method for Compressive Properties of Polymer-Matrix Composite Materials with Unsupported Gage Section by Shear Loading D 3479...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 9
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2004
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v09.a0009071
EISBN: 978-1-62708-177-1
... to prepare more exotic composite materials and hybrids. Most of the materials that are described in this book are continuous thermosetting-matrix fiber-reinforced composites, but all techniques that are explained herein are applicable to short, discontinuous fiber composites and thermoplastic-matrix...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 1995
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.emde.a0003063
EISBN: 978-1-62708-200-6
.... The continuous phase is the matrix phase, and the distributed or reinforcement phase can be in the form of particles, platelets, whiskers or short fibers, continuous fibers, or sheet. Composites are generally classified by the matrix material: polymer, metal, or ceramic. CMCs can be further classified...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 1995
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.emde.a0003032
EISBN: 978-1-62708-200-6
... Epoxy Resin Quartz-Fabric-Reinforced Epoxy Resin Polyimide thermoset resins reinforced with fillers and short fibers are used as molding compound ( Ref 1 , 8 , 18 , 66 , 67 , 68 , 69 , 70 , 71 , 72 ). In addition, continuous fibers or fabric that is preimpregnated with resin polymer...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 9
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2004
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v09.a0009084
EISBN: 978-1-62708-177-1
... and viewing with transmitted light may reveal even slight oxidation. Figure 3 shows a micrograph of an ultrathin section that was developed to determine the effect of short-term UV exposure on a carbon-fiber-reinforced composite part. It can be seen that the depth of oxidation in the surfacing film...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 21
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2001
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v21.a0003419
EISBN: 978-1-62708-195-5
... low viscosity to permit impregnation of the reinforcement present in the mold. Since fully polymerized thermoplastics have very high melt viscosities, direct adaptation of the conventional thermoset liquid molding techniques is not possible. (In injection molding, the short fibers are already...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 1995
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.emde.a0003019
EISBN: 978-1-62708-200-6
... the blistering, splitting, and paint popping often encountered during paint-baking cycles in moldings made at lower pressure. The short flow lengths that are possible in compression molding tend to minimize fiber movement, and reduce stresses and tool wear, in contrast to injection molding. The process does...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 21
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2001
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v21.a0003441
EISBN: 978-1-62708-195-5
... + + + Effect of resin on laminate properties Table 3 Effect of resin on laminate properties Material Tensile strength Tensile modulus Short beam shear Fiber Resin MPa ksi GPa 10 6 psi MPa ksi AS4 2220-3 3650 527 221 32.1 106 15.4 AS4 3501-6 3450 500 225 32.7 124...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 21
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2001
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v21.a0003480
EISBN: 978-1-62708-195-5
..., audio- and videotape production machines, coordinate-measuring machines, automated ultrasonic inspection equipment, cutting tools, and equipment used in the manufacture of optical fibers and glass products ( Ref 19 , 20 ). In short, the limitless potential for composites has barely been explored...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 1995
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.emde.a0003012
EISBN: 978-1-62708-200-6
... properties of particle-filled plastics tend to decrease less rapidly with increasing temperature than those of unfilled plastics. Fiber reinforcements can be glass, carbon, graphite, metal, mineral, or polymer ( Ref 4 ). Glass fibers are widely used, both in continuous form in thermosets and in short...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 21
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2001
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v21.a0003397
EISBN: 978-1-62708-195-5
..., powder sintering, hot melt extrusion, sheet lamination, solid ground curing, and three-dimensional printing. It discusses the various material prototypes produced by RP technology. The list of materials includes particulate and fiber-reinforced polymers, ceramic-matrix composites, and metal-matrix...
Book Chapter

By Tim Pepper
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 21
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2001
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v21.a0003363
EISBN: 978-1-62708-195-5
..., and resistance to fiber erosion ( Ref 8 ). The improved UV resistance with MMA is evident in Table 10 , which compares four polyester resins composed of identical polymers and four different monomer systems. These resins were used to prepare glass fiber reinforced panels that were exposed to outdoor...