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shock loading

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Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 1995
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.emde.a0003060
EISBN: 978-1-62708-200-6
... conceptual design for acceptable reliability. This article discusses the design considerations for the use of structural ceramics for engineering applications. It describes the conceptual design and deals with fast fracture reliability, lifetime reliability, joints, attachments, interfaces, and thermal shock...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003202
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
..., austenitizing, quenching, preheating, and tempering commonly employed in certain steels. These are water-hardening tool steels, shock-resisting tool steels, oil-hardening cold-work tool steels, medium-alloy air-hardening cold-work tool steels, high-carbon high-chromium cold-work tool steels, hot-work tool...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 23
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v23.a0005654
EISBN: 978-1-62708-198-6
... biomaterials in surgical implant applications, such as orthopedic, cardiovascular surgery, and dentistry. It addresses the key issues related to simulation of the in vivo environment, service conditions, and data interpretation. Theses include frequency of dynamic loading, electrolyte chemistry, applicable...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003114
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
... heat treated to relatively low hardnesses. Because of these low hardnesses, their wear resistance is only moderate. However, they are known to possess good resistance to shock loading (such as encountered in hammer forging), heat checking, and catastrophic failure. Table 2 Nominal compositions...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006791
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... metal-to-metal contact ( Ref 1 ). The factors preventing adhesive wear can be summarized and categorized into groups ( Ref 3 , 6 , 62 , 70 , 73 ): Controlling contact severity by avoiding shocks and elevated levels and by keeping load, speed, and temperature as low as possible...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 1995
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.emde.a0003051
EISBN: 978-1-62708-200-6
... window sills and fireplace surrounds. Stove tiles (majolica, earthenware) are large and thick decorative tiles of considerable porosity that possess good thermal shock resistance and are thermally efficient (in terms of both thermal insulation and heat storage). Although made of inexpensive raw...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 14A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v14a.a0003992
EISBN: 978-1-62708-185-6
... furnaces. Source: Ref 5 The preheating of forging stock is dictated by the grade, size, and condition of the stock to be forged. Austenitic and ferritic grades, for example, are generally considered safe from thermal shock and can be charged directly into hot furnaces. Certain martensitic grades...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006797
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... stress above the design value or when the material strength is degraded. If either situation is a characteristic of the fabricated structure, the design must be changed to allow for these factors more realistically. When rapid or impulse loads are applied, as in impact, shock loading, or high...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003167
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
... bearing materials are widely used for a variety of applications. They have many inherent advantages over metals, including better corrosion resistance, lighter weight, better resistance to mechanical shock, and the ability to function with very marginal lubrication or with no lubricant present at all. The...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003101
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
... HP-9-4-30 steel is available as billet, bar, rod, plate, sheet, and strip. It has been used for aircraft structural components, pressure vessels, rotor shafts for metal forming equipment, drop hammer rods, and high-strength shock-absorbing automotive parts. The steel AF1410 was an outgrowth of...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006773
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... components. Earlier it was discussed how temperature changes could introduce steady-state thermal-expansion stresses. In some cases, stresses generated during temperature transients are more severe than in steady-state conditions, and some materials can easily fracture from thermal shock if the temperature...
Book: Casting
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 15
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v15.a0005292
EISBN: 978-1-62708-187-0
... shock) issue. Therefore, the manual die cooling line control must be very carefully and routinely checked. In semiautomatic control mode, the cooling operation is based on a preset programmable logic controller device to control the cooling water on/off and some other operations, such as air purge...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 1995
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.emde.a0003041
EISBN: 978-1-62708-200-6
... superior. Proportional inlet and vent valves allow autoclave pressures to be controlled and varied precisely. It is important that this very hot gas being introduced into the pressure vessel not impinge on the part load, as the gas stream could cause part damage due to thermal or mechanical shock. The...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006792
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... there is a specific justification for another material to be used (e.g., high speed, high temperature, corrosion, severe shock loads). An overview of the qualitative benefits of different bearing materials is provided in Table 2 . A number of alternative casting techniques and heat treatments have been...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 14A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v14a.a0003976
EISBN: 978-1-62708-185-6
... section summarizes the important attributes required of dies and the properties of the various materials that make them suitable for particular applications. Among the important attributes are hardenability; machinability; and resistance to wear, plastic deformation, shock loading, and heat checking. The...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 8
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2000
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v08.9781627081764
EISBN: 978-1-62708-176-4
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 14A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v14a.a0003987
EISBN: 978-1-62708-185-6
... coining operation and that they ensure minimum movement of the die parts. For light-load applications with minimal shock or impact loading, cemented tungsten carbide containing at least 13% Co is used. For applications involving greater shock loading, higher cobalt contents (up to 25%) are required...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13b.a0003847
EISBN: 978-1-62708-183-2
..., rubber linings offer good resistance to thermal or mechanical shock and can be formulated for excellent abrasion resistance. The installation process is very labor-intensive. The sheets are cut and applied by hand to the substrate, and the air is eliminated between the two surfaces with rollers and...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003241
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
... of load application, duration of contact period, and impact. To limit the shock that can occur when the operator removes the load (this generally has an adverse effect on indentations made with loads below 500 g), an automatic test cycle is built into the Tukon microhardness tester. With this...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 1995
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.emde.a0003012
EISBN: 978-1-62708-200-6
... material with a high-density skin. The overall weight reduction is desirable in many applications, and foamed material has improved heat, sound, and dielectric insulating properties. It can withstand large impact and shock loads, so it is often used in packaging. Materials savings is an additional benefit...