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sheet metal forming

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Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003177
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
... information on the various drive systems and the auxiliary equipment. It describes the selection of die materials and lubricants for sheet metal forming and provides information on the lubrication mechanisms and selection with a list of lubricant types for forming of specific sheet materials of ferrous or...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 14B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v14b.9781627081863
EISBN: 978-1-62708-186-3
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 14A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v14a.a0004010
EISBN: 978-1-62708-185-6
... generally denotes cold forming of plate, sheet, bars, beams, pipe, or angular cross section lengths into selected shapes by passing the metal workpiece between three correctly spaced rolls ( Ref 1 , 5 ). The roll forming process employs pairs of small opposed rollers to shape a cylindrical workpiece into a...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 14A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v14a.a0004028
EISBN: 978-1-62708-185-6
... complex forming operations, through the use of the finite element method, are also presented. axial deformation body centered-cubic sheets deformation texture finite element method forming plastic deformation rolled face-centered-cubic zirconium METALS are polycrystalline aggregates, that...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003094
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
... electronic equipment, food-handling and processing equipment, and laboratory clamps. It is generally produced with a matte finish formed by applying the coating to basis metal sheet called “black plate,” which has a dull surface texture, and leaving the coating unmelted. It can also be produced with a bright...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003181
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
... the lower tensile and yield strengths of aluminum alloys, and from their comparatively slow rate of work hardening. The compositions and tempers of aluminum alloys also affect their formability. BERYLLIUM has been successfully formed by most common sheet metal forming...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 1995
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.emde.a0003035
EISBN: 978-1-62708-200-6
... Abstract Sheet molding compound (SMC) is a composite material - consisting of glass-fiber-reinforced polyester in a resin matrix - that’s available in sheet form for the production of compression-molded parts. This article discusses the components incorporated into the resin paste, including...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 22A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2009
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v22a.a0005408
EISBN: 978-1-62708-196-2
... recrystallization aluminum alloys hot rolling Many metallic sheets exhibit significant plastic anisotropy that can be attributed to the presence of crystallographic texture. For instance, the in-plane anisotropy in textured sheet can cause major problems in subsequent forming operations. A prominent example...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003180
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
... for the press-brake forming of refractory metal sheet 0.5 to 1.3 mm (0.020 to 0.050 in.) thick Metal or alloy Forming temperature, °C (°F) Minimum bend radius (a) Springback, degrees Test data Preferred Niobium alloys (annealed) C-103 (Nb-10Hf-1Ti), C-129Y (Nb-10Hf-10W) Room...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 14A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v14a.a0003971
EISBN: 978-1-62708-185-6
... increased efficiency in the metalworking industry. In metalworking, an initially simple workpiece—a billet or a blanked sheet, for example—is plastically deformed between tools (or dies) to obtain the desired final configuration. Metal-forming processes are usually classified according to two broad...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 14A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v14a.a0004017
EISBN: 978-1-62708-185-6
... essentially normal to the tensile axis. In mode II void growth, voids grow in sheets at an oblique angle to the crack plane under the influence of shear strains. This type of shear band tearing is found on the surface of the cone in a ductile cup-and-cone tensile fracture. It commonly occurs in deformation...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 14A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v14a.a0004001
EISBN: 978-1-62708-185-6
... compaction, extrusion) or the working of ingot-metallurgy products (e.g., extrusion, forging, rolling, and sheet forming) ( Ref 2 ). This article reviews the current status of bulk deformation processes for some of the more common aluminide and silicide intermetallic alloys. Special attention is focused on...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 14A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v14a.a0009004
EISBN: 978-1-62708-185-6
... obvious approach involves modeling of the void coalescence phenomenon normally associated with ductile fracture. Another approach involves a model of localized thinning of sheet metal that has been adapted to lk forming processes. In addition to models of fracture, criteria have been developed from...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 1995
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.emde.a0003053
EISBN: 978-1-62708-200-6
... to a water-based system. Tape casting, a very specialized ceramic fabrication technique, was developed during the 1940s as a method of forming thin sheets of piezoelectric materials and capacitors ( Ref 33 ). It is used to form sheets that have large surface areas with very thin cross sections...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 14A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v14a.a0004021
EISBN: 978-1-62708-185-6
... shop trial. When unexpected metal flow occurs, a part with underfill, excessive loads, die breakage, laps, or other production problems can result. In one case ( Ref 21 ), a fastener manufacturer noted a small defect during the shop trial of an automotive part ( Fig. 40 ). The forming process was...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006786
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... of the zinc-rich primer, and when welding was performed through spattered regions, LMIE cracks formed adjacent to the weld passes. Reference 24 reports HAZ cracking at butt welds in thin sheets of type 304L stainless steel when the weld area had been contaminated with copper particles. This...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 4B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 September 2014
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v04b.a0005950
EISBN: 978-1-62708-166-5
... manufacturing to improve workability, machinability, and other factors affecting manufacturing performance. Although the heat treatment processes are vital steps in the process chain of many components based on metals and alloys, they are also one of the major causes of rejected components, production losses...
Book: Casting
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 15
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v15.a0005339
EISBN: 978-1-62708-187-0
... by 6092 Al-17.5 vol% SiC p composite sheet material. The service life of the skins was significantly increased because of the increased specific stiffness of the aluminum-matrix composite material ( Ref 37 ). Although not produced by ing, one of the major space-based applications of continuous...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003163
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
.... Fabrication of superalloy MMCs is accomplished via solid-phase, liquid-phase, or deposition processing. The methods include investment casting, the use of matrix metals in thin sheet form, the use of matrix metals in powder sheet form made by rolling powders with an organic binder, powder metallurgy...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 23
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v23.a0005670
EISBN: 978-1-62708-198-6
... Ref 2 Gold has a face-centered cubic (fcc) crystal structure. In its pure form, gold is one of the most ductile of all metals and is yellow in color with a strong metallic luster ( Tables 1 and 2 ) ( Ref 1 ). Pure gold has a low strength in...