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shaped tube electrolytic machining

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Book: Machining
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 16
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1989
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v16.a0002164
EISBN: 978-1-62708-188-7
... Abstract Shaped tube electrolytic machining (STEM) is a modified electrochemical machining (ECM) process that uses an acid electrolyte so that the removed metal goes into the solution instead of forming a precipitate. This article lists some specific machining applications of the STEM process...
Book: Machining
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 16
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1989
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v16.a0002163
EISBN: 978-1-62708-188-7
.... ELECTROSTREAM DRILLING (ES) AND CAPILLARY DRILLING (CD) are electrochemical machining processes that were developed by General Electric and Rolls Royce, respectively, for drilling holes that are too deep to be drilled by electrical discharge machining and too small to be drilled by shaped tube electrolytic...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2003
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13a.a0003597
EISBN: 978-1-62708-182-5
...) Operating voltage 30–100 V 5–25 V 150–850 V … 150 kV Surface integrity Heat-affected surface, no burrs No residual stress, no burrs No residual stress, no burrs Heat-affected surface Heat-affected surface EDM, electric discharge machining; STEM, shaped-tube electrolytic machining; ESD...
Book: Machining
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 16
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1989
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v16.a0002155
EISBN: 978-1-62708-188-7
...) Capillary drilling (CD) Shaped tube electrolytic machining (STEM) Electrical discharge machining (EDM) Electrical discharge wire cutting (EDWC) Electrical discharge grinding (EDG) Electron beam machining (EBM) Laser beam machining (LBM) Thermal energy method (TEM) Chemical milling (CM) Photochemical...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003186
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
... Electrochemical machining (ECM) Electrochemical grinding (ECG) Electrochemical discharge grinding (ECDG) Electrostream drilling (ES) Capillary drilling (CD) Shaped tube electrolytic machining (STEM) Thermal Electrical discharge machining (EDM) Electrical discharge wire cutting (EDWC...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 2
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1990
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v02.a0001057
EISBN: 978-1-62708-162-7
... such as extruded shapes, forgings, impacts, castings, stampings, powder metallurgy parts, machined parts, and metal-matrix composites. The article also reviews important fabrication characteristics in the machining, forming, forging, and joining of aluminum alloys. It concludes with a description of the major...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2003
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13a.a0003596
EISBN: 978-1-62708-182-5
... of copper-tungsten alloy. The NaNO 3 electrolyte (0.26 kg/L, 2.2 lb/ gal of water) at 43 °C (110 °F) was employed. Other parameters were: A nozzle ( Fig. 14a ) is made from a 316 stainless steel tube using a machine that could provide maximum current of 500 A, voltage ≤ 24 V. A copper tool was fed...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003194
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
..., vaporized in part, and expelled from the gap. Equipment Machine tool must be rigid to withstand high fluid separating forces; must protect mechanical and electrical systems for corrosive electrolytes, and have provisions for venting of work areas; dc power source; electrolyte system, including pumps...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1994
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05.a0001263
EISBN: 978-1-62708-170-2
... operating conditions. In some instances properties can be created in electroformed metals that are difficult, if not impossible, to duplicate in wrought counterparts. Some shapes, particularly those with complex internal surfaces or passages, cannot be made by any other method without excessive machining...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 21
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2001
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v21.a0003404
EISBN: 978-1-62708-195-5
... Fig. 4 Resin transfer molding molds for truck cab side fairings Abstract Abstract This article describes the factors to be considered while performing electroforming process. The factors include the shape and size of the mold, expected durability of the mold, required delivery time...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006760
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... ). This is often accompanied by “orange peel,” in which each grain deforms in a slightly different manner. Orange peel is a result of a distribution of grain orientations, and it produces a rough appearance in originally smoothly machined specimens. A macro ductile tensile fracture is of cup-and-cone shape...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003213
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
... describes common cleaning processes, including alkaline, electrolytic, solvent, emulsion, molten salt bath, ultrasonic and acid cleaning as well as pickling and abrasive blasting. It also explains how to select the appropriate process for a given soil type and surface composition. abrasive blast...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 2
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1990
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v02.a0001065
EISBN: 978-1-62708-162-7
..., most notably plumbing fittings and valves, are produced by hot forging simply because no other fabrication process can produce the required shapes and properties as economically. Copper alloys containing 1 to 6% Pb are free-machining grades. These alloys are widely used for machined parts, especially...
Book: Casting
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 15
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v15.a0005288
EISBN: 978-1-62708-187-0
...- or multistrand machines. Smaller horizontal casters are used for the production of tube, bar, and sections in a full range of copper alloys. The Swiss company Alfred Wertli ( Ref 12 ) introduced the world's first industrial horizontal continuous caster for the production of cast iron rods and later expanded...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003213
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
.... The article describes common cleaning processes, including alkaline, electrolytic, solvent, emulsion, molten salt bath, ultrasonic and acid cleaning as well as pickling and abrasive blasting. It also explains how to select the appropriate process for a given soil type and surface composition. abrasive...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 9
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2004
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v09.a0003751
EISBN: 978-1-62708-177-1
... shapes and railroad rails. In this particular case study, D2 tool steel rolls were used in a rotary straightening machine for railroad rails. The rolls were breaking and spalling immediately after being used for a short period of time. These rolls were from a recent shipment from the roll manufacturer...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 7
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 September 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v07.a0006081
EISBN: 978-1-62708-175-7
... in dissociated ammonia, vacuum, and hydrogen. The powder is also used as an additive for Nd-Fe-B magnets. Annealed electrolytic iron powder, screened to closely controlled particle size range, is used as a developer or carrier in toners for plain-paper copier machines. The irregular particle shape...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 9
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2004
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v09.a0003786
EISBN: 978-1-62708-177-1
... of specimens that are too small, fragile, or awkwardly shaped Containment of sharp edges or corners that may damage the papers and cloths used in polishing equipment or pose a hazard during handling Convenient and uniform configuration for either manual or automatic grinding and polishing machines...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 2B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v02b.a0006591
EISBN: 978-1-62708-210-5
..., tube, pipe, and shapes. Various mill product specifications are summarized in Table 6 . Typical mill product tempers are: 1050 Extruded tube H112 1050 extruded tube H112 1060 extruded tube O, H112 1060 sheet O, H12, H14, H16, H18 1060 plate O, H12, H14, H112 1060 drawn...
Book: Machining
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 16
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1989
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v16.a0002161
EISBN: 978-1-62708-188-7
... internal grinding surface grinding ELECTROCHEMICAL GRINDING (ECG), also called electrolytic grinding, is similar to electrochemical machining (ECM), except that the cathode is an electrically conductive abrasive grinding wheel instead of a tool shaped like the contour to be machined. Electrochemical...