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shape memory alloys

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Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 23
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v23.a0005658
EISBN: 978-1-62708-198-6
... corrosion fatigue heat treatment medical device design nitinol physical metallurgy physical properties shape memory alloys superelasticity tensile properties THIS ARTICLE is not intended as a treatise of Nitinol or the shape memory effect but rather focuses on specific aspects of Nitinol...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003160
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
...Abstract Abstract The term shape memory alloys (SMAs) refers to the group of metallic materials that demonstrate the ability to return to some previously defined shape or size when subjected to the appropriate thermal procedure. Materials that exhibit shape memory only upon heating are referred...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 2
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1990
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v02.a0001100
EISBN: 978-1-62708-162-7
...Abstract Abstract This article discusses the history of shape memory alloys (SMAs) along with their properties, capabilities, and crystallography, including phase transformations that occur during thermal treatment. It describes the thermomechanical behaviors of SMAs and explains how...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 24
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 June 2020
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v24.a0006579
EISBN: 978-1-62708-290-7
...Abstract Abstract This article is a detailed account of additive manufacturing (AM) processes for copper and copper alloys such as copper-chromium alloys, GRCop, oxide-dispersion-strengthened copper, copper-nickel alloys, copper-tin alloys, copper-zinc alloys, and copper-base shape memory...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 9
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2004
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v09.a0003776
EISBN: 978-1-62708-177-1
... and contrasting the microstructural features of gold, platinum, iridium, palladium, and ruthenium-base alloys. It examines pure gold, intermetallic gold compounds, gold and platinum jewelry alloys, platinum-containing shape memory alloys, and alloys consisting of platinum, aluminum, and copper. References...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 9
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2004
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v09.a0003736
EISBN: 978-1-62708-177-1
... from data found in: Tables 9-3, 9-4, and 9-8 in Ref 4 ; Table I.1 in Ref 23 ; Appendix, chapter 10 in Ref 24 ; Tables 2.4–2.8 in Ref 25 ; Table 1 in Ref 26 ; and Table 13 in Ref 27 Alloys that exhibit perfect shape memory effect Table 4 Alloys that exhibit perfect shape memory effect...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 4E
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2016
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v04e.a0006261
EISBN: 978-1-62708-169-6
... alloys, special-purpose alloys such as nitinol shape memory alloys, low-expansion alloys, electrical-resistance alloys and soft magnetic alloys. Finally, the article focuses on heat treatment modeling for selecting the appropriate heat treatment process. aging annealing corrosion-resistant nickel...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 10
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 December 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v10.a0006684
EISBN: 978-1-62708-213-6
... (b). Dendrites are visible using DIC but not in bright field, while intermetallic particles between dendrites are easier to see in bright field. Fig. 37 Martensite in nitinol (Ni-50at.%Ti) shape memory alloy revealed by etching using equal parts HNO 3 , acetic acid, and hydrofluoric acid...
Book Chapter

By Dongyang Li
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 18
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 31 December 2017
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v18.a0006382
EISBN: 978-1-62708-192-4
...,</xref><xref rid="a0006382-ref23" ref-type="bibr">23,</xref><xref rid="a0006382-ref24" ref-type="bibr">24)</xref> Factors that Influence Abrasive Wear Copper-Base Alloys Aluminum Alloys Superalloys Pseudo-Elastic Shape Memory Alloys Hardness Toughness Hardness, Size, and Angularity of Abrasive Particles or Asperities...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 2
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1990
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v02.a0001080
EISBN: 978-1-62708-162-7
... body for use in surgical implants and prosthetic devices Special applications that exploit unique properties such as superconductivity (alloyed with niobium) and the shape-memory effect (alloyed with nickel) New application areas where the metal's high specific strength is important...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 2
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1990
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v02.a0001072
EISBN: 978-1-62708-162-7
...-Expansion Alloys Electrical Resistance Alloys Soft Magnetic Alloys Shape Memory Alloys General Corrosion Chemical Pitting Intergranular Corrosion Corrosion Fatigue Stress-Corrosion Cracking (SCC) French physicist C.E. Guillaume discovered in 1896 that alloys of nickel-iron had...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 23
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v23.a0005680
EISBN: 978-1-62708-198-6
.... , A Technical and Economic Appraisal of Shape Memory Alloys for Aerospace Applications , Mater. Sci. Eng. A , Vol 438–440 , 2006 , p 589 – 592 18. Yan X.J. , Yang D.Z. , and Qi M. , Rotating-Bending Fatigue of a Laser-Welded Superelastic NiTi Alloy Wire , Mater. Charact. , Vol 57...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 4E
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2016
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v04e.a0006274
EISBN: 978-1-62708-169-6
..., these alloys are not weldable and are therefore joined with mechanical fasteners. The best known of these alloys is alloy 7075. Aging at low temperatures is accompanied by the generation of GP zones having an approximately spherical shape. With increasing aging time, GP zones increase in size...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 23
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v23.a0005657
EISBN: 978-1-62708-198-6
.... , The Effect of Hydride and Martensite on the Fracture Toughness of TiNi Shape Memory Alloy , Smart Mater. Struct. , Vol 13 ( No. 2 ), 2004 , p N24 – N28 Failure Analysis Investigation and Practice Failure Mode Identification Fatigue Corrosion Hydrogen Embrittlement Fretting...
Book: Machining
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 16
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1989
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v16.a0002192
EISBN: 978-1-62708-188-7
... 1987 • Vandermeer R.A. et al. , A Phenomenological Study of the Shape Memory Effect in Polycrystalline Uranium-Niobium Alloys , Metall. Trans. A , Vol 12A , 1981 , p 733 – 741 10.1007/BF02648337 The three classes of uranium alloys are: Dilute alloys, containing less...
Book Chapter

By Matthew Donachie
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003168
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
... polished surfaces perform better in terms of corrosion and wear. Stainless Steels Cobalt-Chromium Alloys Titanium and its Alloys Shape Memory Effect (SME) Alloys One of the great debates in orthopedic implant surgery has been over the question of attachment of bone to prosthetic devices...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 23
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v23.a0005687
EISBN: 978-1-62708-198-6
... shape memory alloy, NiTi Fixation devices; spinal; cranioplasty; ears Catheters—accessories; vascular clamps; catheters; balloons; vascular strippers; vascular embolization devices; filters; clips; heart valves; stents; grafts Precious metals Platinum ASTM B561 Grade 99.95, Grade 99.99, UNS...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13C
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13c.a0004206
EISBN: 978-1-62708-184-9
... , Vol 13 , ASTM International , 1996 11. “Standard Specification for Wrought Nickel-Titanium Shape Memory Alloys for Medical Devices and Surgical Implants,” F 2063, Annual Book of ASTM Standards , Vol 13 , ASTM International , 1996 12. Boltz A. and Schaldach M. , Med...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 23
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v23.a0005653
EISBN: 978-1-62708-198-6
... ELI (Extra Low Interstitial) Alloy for Surgical Implant Applications (UNS R56401),” F 136, Annual Book of ASTM Standards , Vol 13 , ASTM International , 1996 11. “Standard Specification for Wrought Nickel-Titanium Shape Memory Alloys for Medical Devices and Surgical Implants,” F 2063...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 9
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2004
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v09.a0003752
EISBN: 978-1-62708-177-1
... twins, and etched with potassium dichromate. Images in (a) bright field and (b) crossed polarized light plus sensitive tint. The magnification bars are 50 μm long. Fig. 12 Microstructure of a shape memory alloy (Cu-26%Zn-5%Al) showing β 1 martensite in a face-centered cubic alpha matrix...