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Book: Casting
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 15
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v15.a0005355
EISBN: 978-1-62708-187-0
... Abstract After solidification and cooling, further processing and finishing of the castings are required. This article describes the general operations of shakeout, grinding, cleaning, and inspection of castings, with particular emphasis on automation technology. It illustrates the vertical...
Book: Casting
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 15
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v15.a0005327
EISBN: 978-1-62708-187-0
... Abstract This article presents a discussion on the melting, pouring, and shakeout practices; composition control; molds, patterns, and casting design; heat treatment; and applications of different classes of nickel-chromium white irons and high-chromium white irons. iron castings heat...
Book Chapter

Book: Casting
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 15
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v15.a0005243
EISBN: 978-1-62708-187-0
... systems green sand media preparation mold finishing shakeout GREEN SAND MOLDING is one of many methods available to the foundryman for making a mold into which molten metal can be poured. Green sand molding and chemically bonded sand molding are considered to be the most basic and widely used...
Book Chapter

Book: Casting
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 15
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v15.a0005354
EISBN: 978-1-62708-187-0
... sand require slingers to achieve adequate compaction (see the article “Green Sand Molding” in this Volume). Fig. 1 No-bake molding Each of the major no-bake processes has advantages and disadvantages in moldmaking or coremaking. In terms of shakeout and sand reclamation, for example...
Book: Casting
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 15
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v15.a0005242
EISBN: 978-1-62708-187-0
... of a sand mold. (a) Pattern assembly for cope and drag sections of a mold. (b) Cross section of sand mold assembly with core After the part is cast and solidified in an expendable mold, the next step is a shakeout operation, which breaks up the mold and separates it from the cast part. The sand...
Book: Casting
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 15
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v15.a0005241
EISBN: 978-1-62708-187-0
..., especially those with intricate internal passages, are rendered unusable during this shakeout step of the casting process than any other place in the foundry. This is why some of the expendable pattern practices (i.e., lost foam and investment casting) may have an advantage over the permanent pattern methods...
Book Chapter

Book: Casting
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 15
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v15.a0005251
EISBN: 978-1-62708-187-0
..., IL ), p 95 – 98 The most obvious advantage of the V-process is that the use of vacuum to maintain the mold eliminates the requirement for a sand binder. Consequently, no sand mixing system is required, and the machinery for shakeout and sand reclamation are therefore less...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 1A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 31 August 2017
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v01a.a0006297
EISBN: 978-1-62708-179-5
... venting Thermal stability—adequate refractoriness, favorable thermal expansion rates, suitable degradation temperatures Good collapsibility to obtain easy shakeout Reclaimability This article summarizes the most important materials in the process of sand casting of cast iron, including...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1994
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05.a0001225
EISBN: 978-1-62708-170-2
.... Sand castings are processed to remove binder residues and burned-in core sand. Salt bath cleaning is usually used after preliminary cleaning operations such as shakeout and mechanical blasting. Molten salts are an effective medium for removing both solidified glasses and glassy coatings from...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003508
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... those of gates, vents, etc. Broken casting (at gate, riser, or vent) E 230: Fractured casting with oxidized fracture E 231 Fracture appearance indicates exposure to oxidation while hot Early shakeout Incorrect Dimensions or Shape F 100: Incorrect dimensions; correct shape...
Book: Casting
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 15
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v15.a0005253
EISBN: 978-1-62708-187-0
... and can be of invaluable service to the lost foam foundryman. A major attraction of lost foam casting is the next step: shakeout of the part from the expendable mold material ( Fig. 9 ). In lost foam casting, the unbonded sand (or other molding material) just flows out of part; no violent shaking...
Book: Casting
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 15
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v15.a0005265
EISBN: 978-1-62708-187-0
... head, and the assembly is moved to the melt furnace. The bottom of the mold assembly is submerged into the melt, thus causing metal to flow into the individual molds. (d) After the metal has solidified, the mold tube assembly is moved to the shakeout area, and vacuum is discontinued. The C 3...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 1A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 31 August 2017
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v01a.a0006338
EISBN: 978-1-62708-179-5
... appearance indicates exposure to oxidation while hot Early shakeout Incorrect Dimensions or Shape F 100: Incorrect dimensions; correct shape F 110: All casting dimensions incorrect F 111 All casting dimensions incorrect in the same proportions Improper shrinkage allowance F...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 1A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 31 August 2017
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v01a.a0006332
EISBN: 978-1-62708-179-5
... chemical composition, maximum castability can be achieved without having a significant negative effect. Additional precautions are taken through postpour steps, including slow cooling in sand, gentle shakeout, and other related processing and handling. Obviously, chemical composition, especially carbon...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 4D
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 October 2014
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v04d.a0005945
EISBN: 978-1-62708-168-9
... strength, because the solution-hardened zone strengthens the metallic matrix and serves as a barrier to the propagation of cracks. Residual stresses are elastic stresses that remain in the casting after shakeout, or after any other thermal process in which the casting is either heated or cooled...
Book Chapter

Book: Casting
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 15
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v15.a0005323
EISBN: 978-1-62708-187-0
Book Chapter

By Charles V. White
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 1
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1990
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v01.a0001002
EISBN: 978-1-62708-161-0
... temperatures. (a) Unalloyed base iron. (b) 0.6% Cr alloyed base iron. Source: Ref 13 Shakeout practice may be influential in establishing the patterns of residual stresses in castings, because most residual stresses are basically caused by differences in cooling rate, and thus in...
Book: Casting
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 15
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v15.a0005325
EISBN: 978-1-62708-187-0
... after solidification (shakeout time, cooling rate, and heat treating). Typical mechanical and physical properties for CG iron are seen in Table 1 . The effect of the matrix structure (ferritic and pearlitic) on the properties is given. Table 1 Typical mechanical and physical properties of...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003172
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
... sodium carbonate, which embrittle the gel. Both ferrous and nonferrous metals and alloys can be poured into these molds. To improve shakeout and core removal, organics, such as sugars, starches, or other carbohydrates, may be added to the mold. However, these accelerate the deterioration of mold...
Book: Casting
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 15
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v15.a0005252
EISBN: 978-1-62708-187-0