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sealing treatment

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Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 4B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 September 2014
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v04b.a0005929
EISBN: 978-1-62708-166-5
... 1100 °C (1290 to 2010 °F). Factors such as even and rapid heating of the workpiece and protection from atmospheric oxidization and sealing, both during and after treatment, give molten salt baths unique advantages over other processes. The wide operating temperature range and other characteristics of...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 4A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2013
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v04a.a0005784
EISBN: 978-1-62708-165-8
... Abstract A wide variety of stop-off technologies for heat treatment are used to selectively prevent the diffusion of carbon and/or nitrogen during atmosphere carburizing, carbonitriding, vacuum carburizing, and various forms of nitriding. In addition to selective stop-off, technologies are also...
Book: Casting
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 15
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v15.a0005352
EISBN: 978-1-62708-187-0
... Abstract This article discusses various molten-metal treatments, namely fluxing, degassing, and molten-metal filtration. It focuses on various molten-metal handling systems for transporting, holding, or delivering molten metal to the mold/die system. These include launders, tundishes, holding...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 4E
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2016
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v04e.a0006261
EISBN: 978-1-62708-169-6
... Abstract This article provides information on nickel alloying elements, and the heat treatment processes of various nickel alloys for applications requiring corrosion resistance and/or high-temperature strength. These processes are homogenization, annealing, solution annealing, solution...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 4E
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2016
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v04e.a0006266
EISBN: 978-1-62708-169-6
... Abstract Cast nickel-base alloys are used extensively in corrosive-media and high-temperature applications. This article briefly reviews the common types of heat treatments of nickel alloy castings: homogenization, stress relieving, in-process annealing, full annealing, solution annealing...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 4E
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2016
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v04e.a0006265
EISBN: 978-1-62708-169-6
... Abstract This article describes the heat treatment of wrought solid-solution and precipitation-hardening alloys with a focus on the major families of wrought nickel alloys. It also provides information on the heat treatment of some representative solid-solution alloys in the Monel (Ni-Cu...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1994
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05.a0001281
EISBN: 978-1-62708-170-2
... mechanical properties of aluminum and its alloys. alloy composition aluminum aluminum alloys aluminum oxide anodizing anodizing equipment chromic acid process color anodizing hard anodic process heat treatment mechanical properties process control sealing sulfuric acid process surface...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1994
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05.a0001326
EISBN: 978-1-62708-170-2
... Abstract Wipe solvents are used to remove contaminants from a workpiece before it undergoes manufacturing operations that require clean surfaces, such as bonding, sealing, painting, welding, plating, specialized surface treatment procedures, and others. This article describes the evaluation...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 1995
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.emde.a0003065
EISBN: 978-1-62708-200-6
... part initially formed by the conventional processes. However, they require additional thermal and/or radiative treatments to impart their special properties. Also, glass composition ranges for the achievement of these unique characteristics are limited and very process-related. In all these cases, as a...
Book: Casting
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 15
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v15.a0005350
EISBN: 978-1-62708-187-0
... treatment. The same holds true for temperature control. Continuous circulation provides excellent temperature control, so temperature adjustments are usually not required prior to transfer. Cunard, using a direct-charge furnace in a billet casting process, reported in a study over a five month time period...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 1995
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.emde.a0003056
EISBN: 978-1-62708-200-6
... thermal cycle in the 1000 °C (1830 °F) range (the TZP materials appear to be more thermally stable). During thermal treatments, the tetragonal precipitates or grains can grow and spontaneously transform on cooling (if a critical size is exceeded), with an accompanying loss in strength and toughness. A...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 1995
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.emde.a0003048
EISBN: 978-1-62708-200-6
... as adhesive sealants. Although in actual use virtually all sealing applications require some level of adhesion in order to function successfully as a seal, no effort will be made here to differentiate between sealants and adhesive sealants. Caulks and putties will receive minimal treatment, as...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1994
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05.a0001310
EISBN: 978-1-62708-170-2
... for various applications Systems for specific parts Aircraft auxiliary component housings, sand cast Sand blasted, sulfuric acid pickle, anodize or dichromate treatment (No. 7), epoxy sealed, baked epoxy primer, and top coat Automotive engine brackets, die cast Wet bowl abraded, no...
Book: Casting
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 15
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v15.a0005303
EISBN: 978-1-62708-187-0
... Abstract This article describes the casting characteristics and practices of copper and copper alloys. It discusses the melting and melt control of copper alloys, including various melt treatments to improve melt quality. These melt treatments include fluxing and metal refining, degassing...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1994
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05.a0001268
EISBN: 978-1-62708-170-2
... treatments, and waste treatment of mechanical plating. copper alloys ferrous metals galvanic properties glass beads hydrogen embrittlement lead mechanical plating mechanical plating equipment mechanical properties metallic dust metallic powder process capability stainless steel tumbling...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 4B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 September 2014
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v04b.a0005927
EISBN: 978-1-62708-166-5
... combustion heating can be used to achieve the heat input for a fluidized bed. The article also describes the operations, design considerations, and applications of fluidized-bed furnaces in heat treating. Thermochemical surface treatments, such as carburizing, carbonitriding, nitriding, and nitrocarburizing...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 4B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 September 2014
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v04b.a0005968
EISBN: 978-1-62708-166-5
... Refractory supports Heat treatment, time, and temperature Door seal type Heat treatment, time, and temperature Door seal condition Heat treatment, time, and temperature Furnace control Heat treatment, time, and temperature Ramp-up control Heat treatment, time, and temperature Zone control...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 14A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v14a.a0003976
EISBN: 978-1-62708-185-6
.... Recommendations on the selection of the materials for hot forging, hot extrusion, cold heading, and cold extrusion are presented. The article discusses the methods of characterizing abrasive wear and factors affecting abrasive wear. It discusses various die coatings and surface treatments used to extend the lives...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13b.a0006541
EISBN: 978-1-62708-183-2
... cadmium (C) and zinc (B) have a C rating. The meaning of the ratings are: Table 1 Material code Code Bare metal Surface treatment typically used to reduce corrosion of bare metal A Magnesium Anodic coating+alkali-resistant paint or resin seal B Zinc, zinc coatings Anodic coating...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13b.a0003832
EISBN: 978-1-62708-183-2
... (TSA) and thermal spray zinc (TSZ), and the barrier-type coating of corrosion-resistant materials. The emphasis is on sacrificial coatings. The article describes the steps involved in the application of TSA and TSZ: surface preparation, coating deposition, and postspray treatment. It discusses their...