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scratch wear testing

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Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 8
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2000
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v08.a0003283
EISBN: 978-1-62708-176-4
... Abstract The article provides a discussion on the parameters influencing abrasive wear and the elements and standards of abrasion wear tests. It emphasizes the general test procedures, advantages, and limitations of various types of abrasive wear testing. Wear testing for scratch wear, dry...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 8
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2000
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v08.a0003279
EISBN: 978-1-62708-176-4
... of adhesion, friction, and wear test data. It concludes with a description of devices used for testing adhesion, friction, and wear. adhesion testing friction testing scratch testing surface damage wear testing THE SURFACES OF SOLIDS play many different and important roles in technology...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 8
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2000
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v08.a0003282
EISBN: 978-1-62708-176-4
... is representative of the indenter track. Scratch hardness has some correlation with indentation hardness in that it also measures the response of a material to plastic deformation. Furthermore, since scratch formation is a form of controlled abrasive wear, it would seem reasonable to use the test as a means...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006791
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
...-scanning, and scratch tests. After a discussion on gear scuffing, information on the material-dependent adhesive wear and factors preventing adhesive wear is provided. adhesive wear coefficient of friction galling metal sliding contacts scoring scuffing seizure scratch tests twist compression...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 23
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v23.a0005653
EISBN: 978-1-62708-198-6
.... It reviews the tests developed to investigate the aspects of mechanically assisted corrosion of metallic biomaterials: the scratch test and the in vitro fretting corrosion test. cobalt-base biomedical alloys electrochemical behavior in vitro fretting corrosion test iron-base biomedical alloys...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13C
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13c.a0004206
EISBN: 978-1-62708-184-9
... assisted corrosion. The article also explains the scratch test and the in vitro fretting corrosion test. cobalt alloys corrosion fretting corrosion test crevice corrosion cyclic stress mechanically assisted corrosion metallic biomaterials titanium alloys wear fretting motion electrochemical...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003560
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
.... If the type of wear in a particular industrial operation is known, there is a possibility of simulating this kind of wear in laboratory tests in order to obviate extensive programs of expensive field trials. The usual starting point in developing a wear classification scheme is to define wear...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006790
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... in a particular industrial operation is known, there is a possibility of simulating this kind of wear in laboratory tests in order to obviate extensive programs of expensive field trials. The usual starting point in developing a wear classification scheme is to define wear. The following definition...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006789
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... metal, inducing large plastic deformations followed by considerable loss of material by fracture processes such as scratching. Abrasion can also be produced by hard/sharp protuberances such as those on a metal file. Impact by hard substances can produce high-stress or gouging abrasion. Wear processes...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 1A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 31 August 2017
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v01a.a0006348
EISBN: 978-1-62708-179-5
... <xref rid="a0006348-ref2" ref-type="bibr">(Ref 2)</xref> In general, unalloyed pearlitic CG iron incurs approximately one-half of the wear of unalloyed pearlitic gray cast irons when exposed to scarring or abrasion conditions. Hrusovsky ( Ref 3 ) showed that the average scar width in low friction wear pin-on-disc tests was 45% less...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 18
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 31 December 2017
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v18.a0006416
EISBN: 978-1-62708-192-4
... <xref rid="a0006416-ref2" ref-type="bibr">(Ref 2)</xref> In general, unalloyed pearlitic CG iron incurs approximately one-half of the wear of unalloyed pearlitic gray cast irons when exposed to scarring or abrasion conditions. Hrusovsky ( Ref 3 ) showed that the average scar width in low friction wear pin-on-disc tests was 45% less...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003558
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... in which the wear occurs. The tribological aspect number (TAN) is a method for characterizing tribosystems ( Ref 5 ). This system is useful in evaluating the relevance of data and determining the most appropriate simulation test. The wear situation is described in terms of the contact velocity, contact...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 18
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 31 December 2017
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v18.a0006364
EISBN: 978-1-62708-192-4
... tests against abrasive flint (80 mesh). MMC, metal-matrix composite. Source: Ref 20 , 29 , 45 The interaction of a hard abrasive particle with a wear-resistant material during two-body abrasive wear can be well characterized on a microscopic level by means of a single scratch test. Figure 8...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 May 2022
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11B.a0006850
EISBN: 978-1-62708-395-9
... in these tests were different, some trends may be noticed. Polybenzimidazole and ultrahigh-molecular-weight polyethylene (UHMWPE) show very high wear resistance among all polymers. Extremely poor wear resistance is demonstrated by polymethyl methacrylate (PMMA), polystyrene (PS), and phenolic resin. Fig. 2...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 23
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v23.a0005678
EISBN: 978-1-62708-198-6
... of PTFE acetabular cup by a stainless steel femoral stem approximately 2 to 3 years after implantation of a vintage Charnley joint in the early 1960s Attempts were made to improve the wear resistance of the polymer by introducing fillers into the PTFE, but the improvements noted in laboratory tests...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 14B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v14b.a0009000
EISBN: 978-1-62708-186-3
... coating, applicable to both mild steel and high-strength steels stampings. The article discusses the behavior of the surface conditions through quantitative measurements and surface analyses conducted throughout the wear tests. The surface conditions include surface roughness, surface morphology...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003571
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... action of asperities on elastomers, several tests using sharp needles have also been carried out in the past. The process of wear by a sharp needle or an asperity is schematically shown in Fig. 7 . Though there are a number of models available that quantify the frictional work done during sliding...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 18
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 31 December 2017
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v18.a0006392
EISBN: 978-1-62708-192-4
..., microstructure, surface treatment, and surface finish of steel are also considered. The article discusses the types, wear testing, wear evaluation, and hardness evaluation of abrasive wear. It describes the selection criteria of steels for wear resistance. The article also describes the importance of hardness...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006794
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... for corrosive wear. Next, the article explains testing methods and characterization of corrosive wear. Various factors that influence corrosive wear are then covered. The article concludes with general guidelines for material selection against corrosive wear. corrosion corrosive wear material selection...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 18
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 31 December 2017
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v18.a0006360
EISBN: 978-1-62708-192-4
... an HRC hardness measurement for the coated substrate to evaluate whether the part was unintentionally softened during coating due to an over-temperature condition. Adhesion may also be evaluated using scratch testing. A scratch test is performed by sliding a hardened pin (often with a diamond tip...