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Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 8
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2000
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v08.a0003282
EISBN: 978-1-62708-176-4
... Abstract This article reviews the origins and development of scratch tests, the experimental configurations used in these tests, and the application of the tests to characterize the mechanical response of materials. It provides information on the measurement of indentation hardness. The article...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 23
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v23.a0005653
EISBN: 978-1-62708-198-6
... corrosion. It reviews tests, such as scratch test and in vitro fretting corrosion test, developed to investigate the aspects of mechanically assisted corrosion of metallic biomaterials. cobalt-base biomedical alloys electrochemical behavior in vitro fretting corrosion test iron-base biomedical...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006791
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... C. , Erck R.A. , and Fenske G.R. , Scuffing Mechanism of Near-Surface Material during Lubricated Severe Sliding Contact , Wear , Vol 271 , 2011 , p 1750 – 1753 10.1016/j.wear.2010.12.086 37. Olander P. and Jacobson S. , Scuffing Resistance Testing of Piston...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13C
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13c.a0004206
EISBN: 978-1-62708-184-9
... microstructure Fig. 6 Typical current transient that results during an 80 μm scratch test with a diamond stylus (radius of 20 μm, or 0.8 mil) on a Co-Cr-Mo surface in phosphate buffered saline potentiostatically held at a passivating potential (0 mV SCE) and loaded with a 1.5 GPa contact stress...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 8
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2000
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v08.a0003283
EISBN: 978-1-62708-176-4
... Abstract The article provides a discussion on the parameters influencing abrasive wear and the elements and standards of abrasion wear tests. It emphasizes the general test procedures, advantages, and limitations of various types of abrasive wear testing. Wear testing for scratch wear, dry...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 8
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2000
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v08.a0003275
EISBN: 978-1-62708-176-4
... or IRHD testers; scratch hardness tests; and ultrasonic microindentation testing. This article reviews the procedures, equipment, and applications associated with these alternate hardness test methods. miscellaneous hardness test Leeb scale hardness testing scleroscope hardness testing durometer...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2003
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13a.a0003586
EISBN: 978-1-62708-182-5
... for active surface. The protection potential is found as E 3 < E prot < E 2 . Source: Ref 86 Fig. 9 Potential versus time plot of scratch test illustrating a possible location of the critical potential, E c , as it relates to the induction time and the repassivation time. Source...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 8
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2000
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v08.a0003279
EISBN: 978-1-62708-176-4
... of adhesion, friction, and wear test data. It concludes with a description of devices used for testing adhesion, friction, and wear. adhesion testing friction testing scratch testing surface damage wear testing THE SURFACES OF SOLIDS play many different and important roles in technology...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 18
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 31 December 2017
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v18.a0006364
EISBN: 978-1-62708-192-4
... Tests in Mining Industry , Proc. Mater. Sci ., Vol 9 , 2015 , p 358 – 366 57. Berns H. , Saltykova A. , Röttger A. , and Heger D. , Wear Protection by Fe-B-C Hard Phases , Steel Res. Int ., Vol 82 ( No. 7 ), 2011 , p 786 – 794 10.1002/srin.201000255 58...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 18
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 31 December 2017
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v18.a0006360
EISBN: 978-1-62708-192-4
... whether the part was unintentionally softened during coating due to an over-temperature condition. Adhesion may also be evaluated using scratch testing. A scratch test is performed by sliding a hardened pin (often with a diamond tip) against the coated substrate, either under constant or progressively...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 4E
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2016
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v04e.a0006273
EISBN: 978-1-62708-169-6
... of scratch testing ( Fig. 10 ). Fig. 10 Influence of treatment condition state on critical loads for layer breakthrough in scratch testing (according to EN 1071-3) and surface hardness (HV 5 ) of aluminum alloy 5083 and spray-formed alloy DISPAL S270. T N = 470 °C (880 °F); t N,eff = 4 h. BM...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 8
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2000
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v08.a0003270
EISBN: 978-1-62708-176-4
... The hardness tests may be classified using various criteria, including type of measurement, magnitude of indentation load, and nature of the test (i.e., static, dynamic, or scratch). Substantial portions of this brief review are adaptations from the classic work of Tabor on hardness ( Ref 6...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 18
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 31 December 2017
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v18.a0006416
EISBN: 978-1-62708-192-4
... advantage can be proved that alloy cast irons will show an economic advantage over unalloyed irons. For example, in a one-year test in a mill for grinding cement clinker, grinding balls made of martensitic nickel-chromium white iron had to be replaced only about one-fifth as often as forged and hardened...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 1A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 31 August 2017
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v01a.a0006348
EISBN: 978-1-62708-179-5
... less wear resistant. However, the abrasion resistance of chilled or unalloyed white iron is entirely adequate for many applications. It is only when a clear performance advantage can be proved that alloy cast irons will show an economic advantage over unalloyed irons. For example, in a one-year test...
Book Chapter

By Niels Bay
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 6A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 31 October 2011
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v06a.a0005581
EISBN: 978-1-62708-174-0
... by, for example, ultrasonics is not applicable. The only way to test the quality is by destructive testing, implying that the surface preparation and subsequent cold welding should be handled with care to ensure good weld quality. Fingerprints on the scratch-brushed surfaces will have a detrimental effect on bond...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003244
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
...Abstract Abstract This article describes the methods and equipments involved in the preparation of specimens for examination by light optical microscopy, scanning electron microscopy, electron microprobe analysis for microindentation hardness testing, and for quantification of microstructural...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003244
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
... Abstract This article describes the methods and equipments involved in the preparation of specimens for examination by light optical microscopy, scanning electron microscopy, electron microprobe analysis for microindentation hardness testing, and for quantification of microstructural parameters...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 1995
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.emde.a0003027
EISBN: 978-1-62708-200-6
... transmission of principal optical plastics. Although the methyl methacrylate styrene copolymer curve stops at 800 nm, it is expected to be similar to the other polymers at higher wavelengths. Fig. 4 Dispersion of acrylic polymer Abstract Abstract Optical testing of plastics includes...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003560
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... industrial operation is known, there is a possibility of simulating this kind of wear in laboratory tests in order to obviate extensive programs of expensive field trials. The usual starting point in developing a wear classification scheme is to define wear. The following definition is attributed...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006790
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... Process for Eutectoid Rail Steels: Field and Laboratory Tests , Wear , Vol 120 , 1987 , p 233 – 250 10.1016/0043-1648(87)90069-X 14. Richardson R.C.D. , The Maximum Hardness of Strained Surfaces and the Abrasive Wear of Metals and Alloys , Wear , Vol 10 , 1967 , p 353 – 382...