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scanning electrode technique

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Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2003
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13a.a0003644
EISBN: 978-1-62708-182-5
... available for laboratory studies of corrosion phenomena. The techniques and tests include no-applied-signal tests, small-signal polarization tests, large-signal polarization tests, scanning electrode techniques, and miscellaneous techniques. electrochemical corrosion electrochemical test...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 19
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1996
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v19.a0002363
EISBN: 978-1-62708-193-1
... electrode imaging methods. The article discusses the magnetic techniques that are primarily used as inspection techniques for detecting fatigue cracks in structural components. It details the principles and operation procedures of the liquid penetrant methods, positron annihilation techniques, acoustic...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 6A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 31 October 2011
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v06a.a0005628
EISBN: 978-1-62708-174-0
... processing techniques, is needed ( Ref 25 ). Fig. 30 Typical profiles of voltage, current, electrode force, and electrode displacement monitored in an alternating current welding The signals can be roughly classified as input variables and responses. The electric voltage and current...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2003
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13a.a0003586
EISBN: 978-1-62708-182-5
... in a polarization experiment is i app as a function of the potential, E , as shown by the thick solid line in Fig. 1 , where i app = i ox − i red . To obtain i app as a function of E , the applied potential between the reference electrode and working electrode is controlled and scanned at constant...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 10
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 December 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v10.a0006679
EISBN: 978-1-62708-213-6
... of electrochemical analysis. The oldest electroanalytical technique is electrogravimetry, where the element of interest is deposited electrolytically onto an electrode and weighed. A more common method is coulometry, which is comprised of several techniques that use an instrument known as a coulometer (or electric...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 23
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v23.a0005683
EISBN: 978-1-62708-198-6
... and potential to be out of phase. An analysis of the response yields a wealth of information, which can be used to examine the mechanism and kinetics of the electrode reactions. Although the technique is most important for research purposes rather than corrosion performance tests, it can be used to determine...
Book Chapter

By D.R. Crow
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 10
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1986
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v10.a0001741
EISBN: 978-1-62708-178-8
... 5 shows a single sweep peaked voltammogram obtained for silver using a carbon-wax electrode. Fig. 5 Single-sweep voltammogram obtained at a carbon-wax electrode for 10 −3 mol/L Ag + ion in 0.1 mol/L KNO 3 as supporting electrolyte. The reversal of the potential scan direction after...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1994
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05.a0001296
EISBN: 978-1-62708-170-2
... or polarization resulting from the resistivity of the electrolyte depending on the distance of the used reference electrode from the sample surface). Polarization Resistance Another polarization technique is the determination of polarization resistance, R p . This method is based on the fact...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 10
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 December 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v10.a0006748
EISBN: 978-1-62708-213-6
... spectroscopy spectrum appearing as discharge occurs. See also counterelectrode, electron beam induced current (EBIC). A twin peaks formed due to spin-orbit self-electrode, and supporting electrode. scanning electron microscopy technique in splitting. electrode potential. Voltage existing between which a nely...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2003
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13a.a0003647
EISBN: 978-1-62708-182-5
..., electrochemical impedance spectroscopy), and those in which the potential is scanned over a wide range (anodic and cathodic polarization curves, pitting scans). Galvanic current flowing between biotic and abiotic cells has also been measured using a dual-cell technique (also called “biological battery”). Current...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 10
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1986
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v10.a0001737
EISBN: 978-1-62708-178-8
... source mass spectrometry relies on the electrical conductivity of the sample electrodes. When the sample is an insulator, it must be dissolved or powdered and mixed with a conductive matrix. A more convenient technique for these sample types is the laser microprobe, which uses a focused highpower laser...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2003
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13a.a0003710
EISBN: 978-1-62708-182-5
... techniques, namely, optical microscopy, scanning electron microscopy, scanning tunneling microscopy, and atomic force microscopy, are reviewed. The article discusses the principles and applications of chemical identity and composition analysis techniques. These techniques include the energy dispersive X-ray...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 10
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1986
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v10.a0005692
EISBN: 978-1-62708-178-8
... for a particular transition as a optical absorbance of a homogeneous atomic number imaging. In scanning elec- function of position. sample containing an absorbing substance tron microscopy, a technique in which contrast is controlled by atomic number 670 / Glossary of Terms is directly proportional...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 10
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 December 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v10.a0006633
EISBN: 978-1-62708-213-6
... imaging capabilities of variations of probe-based microscope techniques, referred to as scanning probe microscopy, dominated the application of these methods at their early development stages. However, the physics and chemistry of probe-sample interactions and the quantitative analyses of tribological...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2003
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13a.a0003653
EISBN: 978-1-62708-182-5
... electrodes. Size is about 4 × 6 mm (0.16 × 0.24 in.). Source: Ref 10 Corrosion potential and cathodic protection current monitoring was used to determine the extent of coating damage inside large ship tanks ( Ref 11 ). This technique, combined with a camera on the probe for visual information...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 23A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 12 September 2022
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v23A.a0006889
EISBN: 978-1-62708-392-8
... Abstract This article discusses some of the additive manufacturing (AM) based fabrication of alloys and their respective mechanical, electrochemical, and in vivo performance. Firstly, it briefly discusses the three AM techniques that are most commonly used in the fabrication of metallic...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 21
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2001
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v21.a0003465
EISBN: 978-1-62708-195-5
... Abstract This article focuses on various thermal analysis techniques used to verify the cure of a polymer composite. The techniques include differential scanning calorimetry (DSC), modulated DSC, thermomechanical analysis, dynamic mechanical analysis, and dielectric analysis. The article also...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 6
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1993
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v06.a0001343
EISBN: 978-1-62708-173-3
... with 0.5 to 0.6% Si. An example of a procedure-related effect is seen when the arc length is changed for welds made with an E7018 electrode. Arc length changes can alter the silicon content from 0.3 to 0.6%, and they can alter the manganese content from 0.8 to 1.3%. Measurement Techniques and Procedures...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2003
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13a.a0003663
EISBN: 978-1-62708-182-5
... is often all that is needed to convert conventional test methods into galvanic-corrosion tests. This article discusses component, model, electrochemical, and specimen tests. Component Testing Component testing is an especially useful technique for galvanic corrosion prediction. The materials...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 6
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1993
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v06.a0001473
EISBN: 978-1-62708-173-3
... and machinery maintenance. Although the same methods and techniques can be applied in both areas, there are important differences in inspection goals and, therefore, in test procedures. In manufacturing, NDE is one of a series of quality-control techniques. The integration of these techniques...