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Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003239
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
... classified as contact thermographic methods using cholesteric liquid crystals, thermally quenched phosphors, and heat-sensitive paints, and noncontact techniques using hand-held infrared scanners, high-resolution infrared imaging systems, and thermal wave interferometer systems. Contact thermometric...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006772
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
.... Laser scanners can be deployed to assist in scene preservation by collecting measurements with an accuracy of up to ±2 mm (0.08 in.). Dimensionality can also be captured by postprocessing sUAS photographs with photogrammetry software, preserving an accident scene to within ±15 cm (6 in.) or, when using...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 10
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 December 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v10.a0006658
EISBN: 978-1-62708-213-6
... specialists with an in-depth understanding of AFM theory have extremely complicated software with numerous options. By reducing the number of options and settings in the control software, the AFM is considerably easier to use by nonspecialists. Robust: New designs for probe holders and scanners make the...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 10
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 December 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v10.a0006633
EISBN: 978-1-62708-213-6
... of a nanometer and approximately 75 μm in diameter, respectively, and an eyelash and a drop of water have a mass of approximately 100 nN and 10 μN, respectively). Fig. 6 Principle of operation of the atomic force microscope. A sample mounted on a piezoelectric scanner is scanned against a...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006764
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... container, tank, vessel, or pipe, including metal, concrete, and composite Microwave, millimeter wave, terahertz, ground-penetrating radar Electromagnetic radiation from ~10 GHz to 10 THz used in either through-transmission or reflectance mode Airport body scanners, space shuttle foam inspection, in...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 17
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2018
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v17.a0006456
EISBN: 978-1-62708-190-0
... England developed the first commercial XCT system, also known as a computerized assisted tomography scanner ( Ref 6 ). Commercial CT scanners also found increased acceptance with the availability of inexpensive computing power, and industrial testing was considered an appropriate application in this early...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006763
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... photographs into reports and for electronic transmission of photographic prints obtained during failure analysis. Professional scanners are preferred because of their increased resolution and image quality. Image resolution should be carefully selected to avoid excessive file sizes that are unreasonable for...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 17
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2018
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v17.a0006478
EISBN: 978-1-62708-190-0
... composites. Automated scanners are employed that acquire TT, PE, or combined ultrasonic measurements over an entire structure at high speed. Automated ultrasonic scanning systems take many forms and sizes. They range from small tabletop immersion tanks to large overhead gantry systems. Figure 3 shows a...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 1995
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.emde.a0003045
EISBN: 978-1-62708-200-6
... under inspection using either an x-y scanner or some type of robotic manipulator. Manual scanning is also possible, but an image will not form unless the transducer is coupled to some form of position-encoding device. More information as to the actual image formation and analysis procedure is...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 4B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 September 2014
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v04b.a0005931
EISBN: 978-1-62708-166-5
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 17
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2018
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v17.a0006460
EISBN: 978-1-62708-190-0
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 4E
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2016
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v04e.a0006252
EISBN: 978-1-62708-169-6
... block ( x = 300 mm, or 12 in.; y = 215 mm, or 8.5 in.; z = 215 mm, or 8.5 in.) was characterized on the ENGIN-X strain scanner located at the ISIS facility in the United Kingdom ( Ref 42 ). The stresses determined along a line from the center of the block to the center of a 215 by 300 mm (8.5 by 12...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 23
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v23.a0005685
EISBN: 978-1-62708-198-6
... in the measured property, for example, height or magnetic domains, over the area imaged. The AFM probe has a very sharp tip, often less than 10 nm diameter, at the end of a small cantilever beam. The probe is attached to a piezoelectric scanner tube, which scans the probe across a selected area of...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 17
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2018
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v17.a0006438
EISBN: 978-1-62708-190-0
... Electromagnetic radiation from ~10 GHz to 10 THz used in either through-transmission or reflectance mode Airport body scanners, space shuttle foam inspection, in situ NDE of concrete rebar, moisture detection in composite, paint thickness Cannot penetrate conductive metals High-quality imaging can be performed...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1994
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05.a0001263
EISBN: 978-1-62708-170-2
... important components such as the main combustion chamber for the Space Shuttle, heart pump components, body joint implants (prosthetic devices), high-precision optical scanners and holographic masters (for credit cards, etc.), and recording masters. Fabrication of duplicating plates such as electrotypes...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003199
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
...: Limited to atmospheric burners; responds to heat of flame Flame Electrode (Flame Rod): For gas-fired burners firing lean or on ratio; transmits dc current generated by flame impingement on the rod Ultraviolet Scanner: Used for gas or oil flames; transmits current resulting from sighting of...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 17
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2018
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v17.a0006466
EISBN: 978-1-62708-190-0
... analysis alone is not sufficient. The color-coded enhanced C-mode scanning acoustic microscope is further differentiated from conventional C-scan equipment by the speed of the scan. Here, the transducer is positioned by a very fast mechanical scanner that produces images in tens of seconds instead of tens...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 4B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 September 2014
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v04b.a0005943
EISBN: 978-1-62708-166-5
.... There were three radio-frequency (RF) units (50, 60, and 150 kW) and two 3–10 kHz units (100 and 150 kW). Each unit had program-controlled dual scanners and were also bussed for continuous-use applications. Two concentrations of temperature-controlled polymer quench (5 and 20%) were available for use in...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 17
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2018
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v17.a0006457
EISBN: 978-1-62708-190-0
... illustrates a typical ultrasonic C-scan recording system. Fig. 22 Schematics of immersion ultrasonic C-scan (a) scanner motion and (b) plan-view record of C-scan recording on facsimile paper Fig. 23 Ultrasonic C-scan immersion system. (a) The system consists of a large water tank (A) with side...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 4B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 September 2014
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v04b.a0005924
EISBN: 978-1-62708-166-5
..., the fixtures and work-handling equipment may be very elaborate. Descriptions of lift-and-rotate mechanisms (example shown in Fig. 13 ), index tables, and scanners are available. These devices provide whatever is necessary to locate the part in the induction coil and the means for moving parts into...