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sandwich structures

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Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 21
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2001
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v21.a0003388
EISBN: 978-1-62708-195-5
...Selected Forest Products Laboratory (FPL) reports related to sandwich structures Table 1 Selected Forest Products Laboratory (FPL) reports related to sandwich structures FPL report number Title 1810 Wrinkling of the Facings of Sandwich Construction Subjected to Edgewise Compression...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 9
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2004
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v09.a0009083
EISBN: 978-1-62708-177-1
... Fig. 1 Honeycomb sandwich structure composite cross section (∼1 μm ultrathin section) showing differences in the constituents and resin intermingling. Transmitted crossed polarized light with a 530 nm compensator plate. This micrograph and the insets are expanded to 200× magnification. (A–C...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 21
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2001
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v21.a0003456
EISBN: 978-1-62708-195-5
...Abstract Abstract Maintainability is a function of the durability, damage tolerance, and repairability of a structure. This article discusses the configurations of composite structures, such as sandwich, stiffened-skin, and monolithic structures, used in commercial aircraft composites...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 1995
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.emde.a0003037
EISBN: 978-1-62708-200-6
... sandwhich panel structural efficiency Table 3 Honeycomb sandwhich panel structural efficiency Relative stiffness ( D ) 100 700 3700 Relative strength 100 350 925 Relative weight 100 103 106 Fig. 8 Basic sandwich structural criteria Fig. 6 Core splicing...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 21
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2001
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v21.a0003375
EISBN: 978-1-62708-195-5
..., density, mechanical properties, environmental compatibility, formability, durability, and thermal behavior. The article provides information on the benefits and concepts of a sandwich panel containing lightweight structural cores. lightweight structural cores honeycomb structural cores balsa...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 17
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2018
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v17.a0006457
EISBN: 978-1-62708-190-0
... inspection of adhesive-bonded joints. adherend defects adhesive-bonded joints bonded structures honeycomb sandwich defects metal-to-metal defects neutron radiography nondestructive inspection repair defects ultrasonic inspection visual inspection X-ray radiography ADHESIVE-BONDED JOINTS...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 21
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2001
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v21.a0003385
EISBN: 978-1-62708-195-5
..., structural laminates based on the finite stack effects and transverse shear stiffness effects. The article presents the study of instability associated with postbuckling behavior and hygrothermal buckling in composite sandwich panels and shell panels. References References 1. Lekhnitskii S.G...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 21
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2001
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v21.a0003455
EISBN: 978-1-62708-195-5
...Abstract Abstract This article discusses the requirements for designing repairable composite structures such as a honeycomb sandwich panel construction and integrally stiffened co-cured composite structures. It reviews the general and specific design guidelines for bolted or riveted repairs...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 21
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2001
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v21.a0003376
EISBN: 978-1-62708-195-5
... of composites in integrated structures are exploited, the complex configurations often result in out-of-plane loads on the laminate shells and integrated parts. Analyses of the out- of-plane effects are needed to ensure satisfactory performances, as discussed in the article “Out- of-Plane Analysis.” Sandwich...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 1995
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.emde.a0003046
EISBN: 978-1-62708-200-6
... as aerospace materials, there is a need to understand the requirements of the end users regarding repair of these advanced materials. This article focuses on the repair of graphite-epoxy structures designed in a variety of forms for a wide range of load intensities. Five repair concepts developed for generic...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 21
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2001
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v21.a0003457
EISBN: 978-1-62708-195-5
... Honeycomb Sandwich Structures,” team certificate program final report, University of Washington , 1997 11. Shafizadeh J. , Seferis J. , Chesmar E. , and Geyer B. , Evaluation of the In-Service Behavior of Honeycomb Composite Sandwich Structures , J. Mater. Eng. Perform...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 21
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2001
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v21.a0003395
EISBN: 978-1-62708-195-5
... and Fabrics Dry Fibers and Broad Goods Molding Processes Selection of Composites Manufacturing Processes Process Considerations Preparation Forming Processes Post-Processing and Fabrication Repair Conclusions Machining Bonding Sandwich Structures An often-overlooked...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 21
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2001
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v21.a0003475
EISBN: 978-1-62708-195-5
... are tertiary structures. Antennas may be parabolic shells or more (electrically and geometrically) complex components. Solar arrays include interconnected solar cells on composite sandwich panels, or sometimes planar frames supporting membranes that in turn support the solar cells. The propulsion system...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 20
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1997
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v20.a0002492
EISBN: 978-1-62708-194-8
... are drilled, the surface may be prepped and painted. In addition, several parts may be bonded to form a larger component or secondary bonding is performed to yield a sandwich structure. The design of the component must also specify these steps and must anticipate possible adverse effects. Machining...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 21
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2001
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v21.a0003481
EISBN: 978-1-62708-195-5
.... Royal Inst. Nav. Archit. , Vol 109 , 1967 , p 487 – 501 12. Mäkinen K. , Hellbrat S.-E. , and Olsson K.-A. , The Development of Sandwich Structures for Naval Vessels during 25 Years , Mechanics of Sandwich Structures , Vautrin A. , Ed., Kluwer Academic Publishers...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 21
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2001
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v21.a0003454
EISBN: 978-1-62708-195-5
... composite ship structures are made of thick-section glass-reinforced polyester (GRP) laminate or a sandwich material consisting of GRP face skins covering a balsa or polymer foam core ( Ref 1 ). There are many ways that a composite component can be damaged in service, but in general it is due...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 2A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 November 2018
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v02a.a0006495
EISBN: 978-1-62708-207-5
... working platform with aluminum foam sandwich welded support structure. Courtesy of Pohl metalfoam Fig. 26 (a) EWE E3 electric vehicle. (b) Aluminum foam sandwich for attachment of the battery. Courtesy of EWE AG and Volkswagen Osnabrück GmbH Fig. 27 High-speed milling machine...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 9
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2004
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v09.a0009071
EISBN: 978-1-62708-177-1
... whereby the composite layers are separated by a lightweight material, making a sandwich structure. Typical materials used for the sandwich materials are honeycomb core or foam materials. Honeycomb core materials are usually based on Nomex (E.I. du Pont de Nemours and Company), glass fiber, aluminum...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003240
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
... sufficiently large displacements without requiring stressing forces that will cause rigid-body movement or damage to the object. For sandwich structures, the thickness of the skin is the limiting factor; the maximum skin thickness that can be tested is a function of the stressing method. Holographic methods...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003240
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
... as a noncontacting tool for displacement, strain and vibration studies, depth-contour mappings, and transient/dynamic phenomena analyses. Specific applications of optical holography in nondestructive evaluation include: Detection of debonds within honeycomb-core sandwich structures Detection of unbonded...