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sample clamping

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Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 9
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2004
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v09.a0009072
EISBN: 978-1-62708-177-1
... methods and when each is advantageous Sample clamping—no mold Cavity mold—casting resin Hand mount Automated polishing X X … Hand polishing … X X Fragile features … X … Length/volume of specimens X z … Multiple amples per mount X z z Quick preparation X … X...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 10
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 December 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v10.a0006676
EISBN: 978-1-62708-213-6
... of the clamping assembly and the sample temperature measurement require calibration ( Ref 1 ). The displacement sensor is adjusted using accurate gauges, and the force sensor is adjusted using a certified spring. ASTM D4065, ASTM D4440, ASTM D5279, ASTM D7028, and ASTM E1867 are a few of the standards...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 8
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2000
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v08.a0003316
EISBN: 978-1-62708-176-4
... as a consequence of the clamping force and displacement of the “beam” sample (load controlled). For fretting under conditions of full slip, two early models predict the SRF due to fretting. Nishioka and Hirakawa ( Ref 13 ) derived the following equation to describe the fretting fatigue strength limit...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 19
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1996
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v19.a0002372
EISBN: 978-1-62708-193-1
... them to move as a consequence of the clamping force and displacement of the “beam” sample (load controlled). For fretting under conditions of full slip, two early models predict the SRF due to fretting. Nishioka and Hirakawa ( Ref 13 ) derived the following equation to describe the fretting fatigue...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 9
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2004
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v09.a0003761
EISBN: 978-1-62708-177-1
...× Fig. 23 Steel clamps used to mount tubular and sheet specimens Fig. 24 Microstructure of a low-carbon steel sheet mounted in a steel clamp. The clamp is at the top. Note the excellent edge retention of the steel sample. Marshall's reagent. 500× Fig. 25 Two low-carbon sheet...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 8
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2000
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v08.a0003301
EISBN: 978-1-62708-176-4
... ( 1 2 in.) wall thickness surrounds the sample. The aluminum end plates are each 25 mm (1 in.) thick and are held together by four 9.5 mm ( 3 8 in.) bolts. A rubber sleeve, secured by hose clamps, is placed over the sample to prevent direct contact between the sample and the high...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 9
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2004
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v09.a0003746
EISBN: 978-1-62708-177-1
... breakdown Choose softer wheel; use oscillating stroke. Cutter stalls Cutter too light for the work Use heavier cutter; limit sample size. Source: Ref 2 Fig. 6 Micrograph used to evaluate localized differences in the structure Original magnification. 500× Fig. 5 Microetch...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 8
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2000
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v08.a0003323
EISBN: 978-1-62708-176-4
... fasteners. The article concludes with a description of torque-angle signature analysis and the specification of measurement accuracy for torque and clamp force. torque angle-of-turn tension friction friction coefficient testing torque tension testing locknut testing angular ductility...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 9
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2004
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v09.a0003786
EISBN: 978-1-62708-177-1
... Excessive shrinkage of plastic away from sample Decrease molding temperature; cool mold slightly prior to ejection. Circumferential splits Absorbed moisture; entrapped gasses during molding Preheat powder or premold; momentarily release pressure during fluid state. Burst Too short a cure...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 8
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2000
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v08.a0003275
EISBN: 978-1-62708-176-4
...Application guidelines for Leeb hardness testers Table 2 Application guidelines for Leeb hardness testers Impact device Maximum hardness, HRC Minimum sample size Description and use guidelines kg lb D 68 5 11 The basic impact device used for most testing of forged...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 6A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 31 October 2011
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v06a.a0005607
EISBN: 978-1-62708-174-0
... welding process that produces coalescence through the simultaneous application of localized high-frequency vibratory energy and moderate clamping forces. This article discusses the parameters to be considered when selecting a suitable welder for ultrasonic metal welding. It details the personnel...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 1995
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.emde.a0003014
EISBN: 978-1-62708-200-6
... to promote cure, crystalline growth T, Curing reaction may produce peak exotherm leading to degradation Blowing agents Table 3 Blowing agents Gas released Chemical Clamp time necessary, s Gas permeability rate (a) Quantity of gas generated, cm 3 /g Nitrogen Azodicarbonamide...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 10
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1986
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v10.a0001735
EISBN: 978-1-62708-178-8
... Fig. 3 Top view of micro KRS-5 (thallium bromide/thallium iodide) IRE against which a solid is clamped. Fig. 4 Top view of a sample compartment containing a reflection-absorption attachment. Abstract Abstract Infrared (IR) spectroscopy is a useful technique for characterizing...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 14B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v14b.a0005149
EISBN: 978-1-62708-186-3
... technique ( Ref 46 ). The test uses flat, rectangular specimens whose ends are divided into three equal sections by parallel longitudinal slits, as shown in Fig. 18(a) . A flat 50 mm (1.97 in.) square sample is effectively divided into three zones: an inner circular zone, which is clamped; a ring...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006785
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... and residential plumbing systems, SCC can occur in brass plumbing components that are used in a hard temper condition or that have residual stresses from final finishing, such as rolled threads. Stainless steel clamps used in residential cross-linked polyethylene (PEX) plumbing systems exhibit SCC when moisture...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 1995
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.emde.a0003018
EISBN: 978-1-62708-200-6
...Abstract Abstract Thermoforming is a manufacturing process in which thermoplastic sheets are heated, softened, clamped onto a mold, and made to conform to the shape of the mold or forming tool. It is ideally suited to large-volume runs of small items. This article focuses on major phases...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 10
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 December 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v10.a0006662
EISBN: 978-1-62708-213-6
...Actual angle of incidence (at the interface between the attenuated total reflectance plate and sample) and depth of penetration at 1000 cm<sup>−1</sup> as a function of attenuated total reflectance plate material and apparent angle of incidence Table 2 Actual angle of incidence...
Book Chapter

By Eugene Shapiro
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 8
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2000
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v08.a0003268
EISBN: 978-1-62708-176-4
... Relative orientation of longitudinal and transverse bending tests Fig. 8 Methods used to develop 180° bend angles. (a) Bend sample from wipe or V-block placed between platens. (b) Sharp (180°) bend. (c) Bend with radius equal to one-half the spacer-block thickness Fig. 1 Terms used...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 1995
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.emde.a0003025
EISBN: 978-1-62708-200-6
.... For example, after the specimen has been mounted in the grips, the clamping stresses may relax to the point where it is not held securely. There are several such specimen-machine interactions, but appropriate practical measures alleviate their consequences, and serious malfunctions generally can be avoided...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 21
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2001
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v21.a0003441
EISBN: 978-1-62708-195-5
... required for suppliers and users Property Testing required Specimens required per sample Production acceptance (supplier) (a) Production acceptance (user) (a) Revalidation (user) (a) Prepreg properties Visual and dimensional X X … … Volatile content X X … 3 Moisture...