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saltwater corrosion

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Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2003
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13a.a0003675
EISBN: 978-1-62708-182-5
...Abstract Abstract This article begins with a discussion on the corrosion characteristics of unalloyed magnesium and two major magnesium alloy systems. It shows the effects of iron and 13 other elements on the saltwater corrosion performance of magnesium in binary alloys with increasing levels...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003139
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
... that is encountered usually is a result of improper design or application or inadequate protective finish. Metallurgical Factors Chemical Composition Figure 1 shows the effects of 14 elements on the saltwater corrosion performance of magnesium in binary alloys with increasing levels of the individual...
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Published: 01 January 2006
Fig. 1 Effect of flow rate, temperature, and oxygen on corrosion rate of steel in saltwater. Source: Ref 16 More
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Published: 01 January 2005
Fig. 10 Stress-number of cycles fatigue curves for Ti-6Al-4V in air and saltwater at 24 and 100 °C (75 and 212 °F), indicating excellent resistance to corrosion fatigue. Source: Ref 68 , 69 More
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Published: 01 January 2005
manual would caution against such use and would recommend thorough washing after use for preventive maintenance. Corrosion form and mechanism Uniform corrosion, saltwater Material Ferrous metal, coated carbon steel Product form 4 by 4 vehicle More
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Published: 30 August 2021
Fig. 4 Failed aluminum brass condenser tube from a saltwater heat exchanger. The tube failed from pitting caused by hydrogen sulfide and chlorides in the feedwater. (a) Cross section of tube showing deep pits and excessive metal wastage. Original magnification: 2.75×. (b) Higher-magnification More
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2013
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05a.a0005709
EISBN: 978-1-62708-171-9
...Abstract Abstract Corrosion of marine- and land-based infrastructure is of major concern and its control forms an important objective. Thermal spray coatings (TSCs) are widely used for corrosion protection. This article focuses on two types of TSCs: cathodic or noble coatings and anodic...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13C
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13c.a0004139
EISBN: 978-1-62708-184-9
..., galvanic, and microbiologically induced. Boats are composite structures, consisting of a variety of dissimilar metals and other materials, all exposed or immersed in one of the most efficient of electrolytes, water, especially saltwater. Corrosion may be enhanced by stray currents from shipboard electrical...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 2B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v02b.a0006707
EISBN: 978-1-62708-210-5
... to 6%. Magnesium in solid solution increases high-temperature flow stress and severely reduces ductility during hot forming (rolling, extrusion, and forging). Alloys in this series possess good resistance to corrosion in marine atmospheres and even saltwater. However, they can be subject...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13b.a0003820
EISBN: 978-1-62708-183-2
... environment. When these are lacking, accelerated corrosion tests, such as alternate (intermittent) immersion in saltwater or salt spray, are often used to compare the corrosion resistance of magnesium alloys to each other and to other metals. In addition, such tests are used to examine the relative merits...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2003
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13a.a0003674
EISBN: 978-1-62708-182-5
... by work hardening and are produced primarily as sheet and plate. Several of the alloys that are produced as drawn wire are used in the production of window screens and as weld filler. The magnesium additions generally improve the corrosion resistance of these alloys, especially in saltwater. The 5 xxx...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 21
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2001
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v21.a0003478
EISBN: 978-1-62708-195-5
... material must be resistant to saltwater corrosion or maintenance costs will be high. Fig. 9 Typical aircraft plate fin heat exchanger. Courtesy of SPARTA/Hamilton Standard For the lower-temperature heat exchangers with air fluids, carbon-carbon may be the ideal material. It has a high thermal...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 2
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1990
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v02.a0001074
EISBN: 978-1-62708-162-7
... characteristics AZ91D Most commonly used die casting alloy. Good strength at room temperature, good castability, good atmospheric stability, excellent saltwater corrosion resistance AM60B Good elongation and toughness, excellent saltwater corrosion resistance, good yield and tensile properties AS21X1...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2003
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13a.a0003693
EISBN: 978-1-62708-182-5
.... Both organic and inorganic zinc-rich coatings are extensively used for steel protection on bridges and highway structures, chemical and petrochemical plants, sewage and water treatment, and any area where freshwater or saltwater corrosion, mild fumes, and high humidity and resultant corrosion...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13C
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13c.a0004127
EISBN: 978-1-62708-184-9
..., and hydraulic fluids Exposure to salt spray, saltwater, and other corrosive materials Cleaning compounds and detergents used for washing aircraft work by dissolving soluble soils, emulsifying oily soils, and suspending solid soils. Moderately alkaline cleaners of pH<10 are used and procured under...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003138
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
... in combination with excellent castability and saltwater corrosion resistance. The excellent corrosion resistance of high-purity AZ91D is essentially the result of controlling the impurity level of three critical contaminants: iron, nickel, and copper. High-purity AZ91D alloy has replaced less-pure AZ91B...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13C
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13c.a0004165
EISBN: 978-1-62708-184-9
...—static spraying or ploughing through a trench of saltwater at low speed—will bias some vehicle areas but leave others unaffected. With these less field-representative salt applications there is an obvious risk that the resulting corrosion will lack correlation with what is found in the field...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2003
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13a.a0003668
EISBN: 978-1-62708-182-5
... on. A clear example of the importance of stress concentration due to corrosion is illustrated in Fig. 8 , which shows fatigue endurance results for plain and notched specimens of a 13% Cr ferritic steel in distilled water and saltwater. These environments are seen to cause a massive reduction...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2013
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05a.a0005739
EISBN: 978-1-62708-171-9
..., in three-year atmospheric saltwater beach corrosion studies, the performance of HVOF WC/17Co coatings on 4340 steel was significantly better than that of EHC coatings. Based on these results and those from tests conducted outside the HCAT program, it was generally concluded that the corrosion performance...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 6
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1993
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v06.a0001462
EISBN: 978-1-62708-173-3
...Abstract Abstract Thermal spray coatings (TSCs) are surface coatings engineered to provide wear-, erosion-, abrasion-, and corrosion-resistant coatings for original equipment manufacture and for the repair and upgrading of in-service equipment. This article presents an overview of five thermal...