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salt bath equipment

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Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 4B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 September 2014
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v04b.a0005929
EISBN: 978-1-62708-166-5
... salt bath operation goes directly into heating of the parts. In atmosphere furnaces, 60% of the energy goes for heating, and the remaining 40% is released up the furnace stack as waste. Applications of the various furnace designs and auxiliary equipment are made to specific heat treating processes...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1994
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05.a0001225
EISBN: 978-1-62708-170-2
... of the salt bath equipment and describes the environmental impact of molten salt bath cleaning. Selected References Selected References • Bralla J.G. , Ed., Handbook of Product Design for Manufacturing , McGraw-Hill , 1986 , p 8–7 and 8–11 • Malloy J.C. , “Cleaning Aluminum...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003198
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
... treating equipment and its furnace types, including salt bath equipment (externally heated, immersed-electrode and submerged-electrode furnaces), and fluidized-bed equipment (external-resistance-heated fluidized beds). It describes various auxiliary equipment used in cold-wall furnaces, namely, heating...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 4A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2013
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v04a.a0005802
EISBN: 978-1-62708-165-8
..., causing the oil to flow at a rate of 915 mm/s (36 in./s) Equipment requirements for salt martempering automotive transmission shafts of 5040 steel Table 11 Equipment requirements for salt martempering automotive transmission shafts of 5040 steel Production requirements Weight of each...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 4A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2013
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v04a.a0005776
EISBN: 978-1-62708-165-8
..., subclassifications, operating procedures, and maintenance procedures, as well as the equipment used (salt bath furnaces) and safety precautions to be undertaken during the liquid nitriding process. It describes the different types of liquid nitriding process, namely, liquid pressure nitriding, aerated bath nitriding...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 4D
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 October 2014
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v04d.a0005958
EISBN: 978-1-62708-168-9
...Abstract Abstract This article provides a detailed discussion on the heating equipment used for austenitizing, quenching, and tempering tool steels. These include salt bath furnaces, controlled atmosphere furnaces, fluidized-bed furnaces, and vacuum furnaces. The article discusses the types...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 4A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2013
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v04a.a0005815
EISBN: 978-1-62708-165-8
... stability of steel. The article discusses the embrittlement problems associated with tempering. Four types of equipment are used for tempering, namely, convection furnaces, salt bath furnaces, oil bath equipment and molten metal baths. Special procedures for tempering are briefly reviewed. References...
Book Chapter

By Daryl D. Peter
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 6
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1993
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v06.a0001388
EISBN: 978-1-62708-173-3
...Abstract Abstract This article describes the dip brazing process and the principal types of furnaces used for molten-salt-bath dip-brazing applications. It provides information on equipment maintenance, which is divided into temperature control, control of the liquid, and maintenance...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 4E
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2016
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v04e.a0006276
EISBN: 978-1-62708-169-6
..., and salt baths. Heating above 705 °C (1300 °F) Heating below 705 °C (1300 °F) Copper Alloys Strengthening Mechanisms Precipitation Hardening Homogenizing Annealing Stress Relieving Heat Treating Equipment Work Hardening of Copper Work Hardening of Copper Alloys...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 4A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2013
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v04a.a0005778
EISBN: 978-1-62708-165-8
.... The regenerator is manufactured in pellet form and is added to the molten bath by use of an automatic vibratory feeder. The equipment doses the molten salt with a regulated number of pellets at preset intervals, both when work is in the ath and during idling periods. Any deviation from the control range can...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003197
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
... for nitriding may be heated by gas, oil, or electricity, and are essentially similar in design to salt bath furnaces used for other processes. Although batch installations are most common, semicontinuous and continuous operations are feasible. Generally, the same furnace equipment can be used for other heat...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 1A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 31 August 2017
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v01a.a0006302
EISBN: 978-1-62708-179-5
... equipment was lower than with the available salt-bath equipment. Therefore, the salt bath was selected. The salt-bath system included a semiautomatic conveyor (manually loaded and unloaded) that carried the assemblies through the bath, which was maintained at 870 °C (1600 °F), and through a subsequent...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003213
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
... to be descaled. Heat process scale can be removed from all metallic alloys that do not react with the required caustic base and that are not metallurgically affected by the temperature of operation of between 370 and 400 °C (700 and 750 °F). Molten Salt Bath Equipment The internal structure of a salt...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 4A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2013
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v04a.a0005773
EISBN: 978-1-62708-165-8
...Advantages and disadvantages of various coating processes Table 1 Advantages and disadvantages of various coating processes Coating process Advantage Disadvantage High-temperature salt bath process Less expensive equipment Stable quality of coating Quench hardening...
Book Chapter

By J.R. Keough
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 4A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2013
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v04a.a0005820
EISBN: 978-1-62708-165-8
... be trapped and equipped with a discharge to avoid emptying condensate directly into the bath. Steam additions of water to ADI baths is done with operating temperatures above 260 °C (500 °F). Addition of water to increase the quenching severity of salt usually is made by directing a continuous stream...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13C
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13c.a0004218
EISBN: 978-1-62708-184-9
... mechanisms. Heat treating equipment is subject to high-temperature oxidation, carburization and decarburization, and sulfidation, in addition to high-hydrogen and nitrogen-bearing atmospheres. Corrosion by molten salts and molten metals is also a problem for heat treating furnaces and accessories. Equipment...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1994
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05.a0001265
EISBN: 978-1-62708-170-2
... and Two-Sided EMI Shielding) Bath Chemistry Deposit Properties Applications Processes Controls Performance Criteria Equipment Environmental and Safety Issues Pretreatment Post-Treatment Single-Sided EMI Process Electroless Copper Solution Other Process Solutions...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 4D
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 October 2014
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v04d.a0005986
EISBN: 978-1-62708-168-9
.... The article explains the effects of the various nitriding processes, namely, gaseous nitriding, plasma nitriding, gaseous nitrocarburizing, and salt bath nitrocarburizing, on the structure and properties of nitrided layers. References References 1. Lehrer E. , Uber das Eisen-Wasserstoff...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003213
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
... at a lower temperature, it is sometimes advantageous for descaling metals that undergo changes in properties at higher temperatures. The internal structure of a salt bath unit with any conceivable dimensions is shown in Fig. 5 . Basically, it is imperative that the equipment be properly...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 4B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 September 2014
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v04b.a0005992
EISBN: 978-1-62708-166-5
... to 6 minutes per inch of thickness but never long enough to “blister”. Tempering may be performed in convection furnaces, salt baths or even by immersion in molten metal. Induction tempering and flame heating are also used but will not be discussed here. Table 2 provides a comparative summary...