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safety factor

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Book Chapter

Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003088
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
... in the section “Human Factors and Safety in Design” in this article. Failure mode and effect analysis (FMEA) was originally developed as a tool to review the reliability of systems and components. It has been modified over the years to include criticality analysis (CrA) and failure hazard...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 September 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05b.a0006030
EISBN: 978-1-62708-172-6
... does not guarantee that any specific levels of containment will be achieved by following the suggestions. The type of structure, wind conditions, soundness of the materials of construction, and many other factors play a role in containing dust and debris. Many other combinations of the components...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003089
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
... process factors include cycle time, quality, flexibility, materials utilization, and operating cost. A rating system for evaluating these five process characteristics is given in Table 3 . This is applied to rating the most common manufacturing processes in Table 4 . Table 3 Scale for rating...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 17
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2018
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v17.a0006448
EISBN: 978-1-62708-190-0
... associated with radiography. There are two main aspects of safety: monitoring radiation dosage and protecting personnel. The article summarizes the major factors involved in both and discusses the operating characteristics of X-ray tubes. It describes the various methods of controlling scattered radiation...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1994
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05.a0001277
EISBN: 978-1-62708-170-2
... control procedures, causes of paint film defects, cost calculation, and safety and environmental precautions. The composition and characteristics of organic coatings, coating system selection factors, the types of paints for structural steel, and the applications of paint on structural steel are also...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 14A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v14a.a0003975
EISBN: 978-1-62708-185-6
... factors that affect die life and safety precautions to be considered during die construction. cast dies die inserts fabrication hammers hardenability heat treatment horizontal forging machines hot forging hot-work tool steels impression dies mechanical fatigue plastic deformation...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 4B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 September 2014
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v04b.a0005926
EISBN: 978-1-62708-166-5
... of operation is always one of the main considerations in selecting an atmosphere system. Another prime factor is the capital investment required to purchase the hardware, make the installation, and satisfy the associated safety requirements. Certain circumstances dictate that all cost considerations...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1994
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05.a0001274
EISBN: 978-1-62708-170-2
..., rinsing after phosphating, and chromic acid rinsing. The article describes the techniques for controlling the chemical composition of various phosphating solutions. It discusses the equipment and factors that influence equipment requirements in immersion and spray systems. The article also describes the...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1994
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05.a0001234
EISBN: 978-1-62708-170-2
... media, water, and compound. This article focuses on basic mass finishing processes, including barrel finishing, vibratory finishing, centrifugal disc and barrel finishing, spindle finishing, and drag finishing. It describes the various factors considered in selecting the most suitable mass finishing...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003165
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
... conductivity. The article describes structural, instrument, and optical grade beryllium and the corresponding compositional ranges. It also discusses processing and product forms as well as factors affecting corrosion resistance. The article concludes with a short note on health and safety considerations when...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003225
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
.... A concise summary of the visual and microscopic aspects and the contributing factors associated with the major fracture modes of metallic materials is provided in Table 1 . Table 1 Fracture mode identification chart Method Instantaneous failure mode (a) Progressive failure mode (b...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003087
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
... in a product that performs its function efficiently and economically within the prevailing legal, social, safety, and reliability requirements. To satisfy such requirements, the design engineer has to take into consideration many diverse factors: Function and consumer requirements, such as...
Book: Casting
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 15
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v15.a0005259
EISBN: 978-1-62708-187-0
... offset by operating costs, depreciation of the centrifugal casting equipment, and possible increased molding costs due to the use of dry sand molds. An increase in yield primarily due to the elimination of riser heads contributes to further cost savings. Cast yield improvements up to a factor of 2 can be...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1994
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05.a0001261
EISBN: 978-1-62708-170-2
... in Table 1 . Even though selective plating can be done in a tank, labor-intensive masking and subsequent removal often make this option impractical. Table 1 Energy factors for selective plating Element or alloy Energy factor Cadmium 0.006 Chromium 0.200 Cobalt 0.014...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13b.a0003823
EISBN: 978-1-62708-183-2
...-0.05Ni alloy, was developed and specified for the Nautilus reactor in August 1952. One of the limiting factors for Zircaloy-2 in a reactor was identified to be its absorption of hydrogen during corrosion in high-temperature water. Bettis Atomic Power Laboratory eventually discovered that replacing...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 4B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 September 2014
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v04b.a0005932
EISBN: 978-1-62708-166-5
... considered when selecting the proper quenching procedure. Several factors are involved in the mechanism of quenching, which, for the purpose of this section, is defined as rapid cooling. These factors include: Internal conditions of the workpiece that affect the supply of heat to the surface...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 4B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 September 2014
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v04b.a0005991
EISBN: 978-1-62708-166-5
... products should then be vented outside the building to avoid dilution of the available oxygen supply within the building. Ventilation of the building containing atmosphere generators and atmosphere heat-treating furnaces is a major safety consideration . Reducing flue losses is basic factor in...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003166
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
... Fig. 2 . This provides better mechanical properties due to less angular grains, lower tungsten-tungsten contiguity, and a greater percentage of metastable tungsten in the solid-solution binder. Tungsten-tungsten contact and interfacial embrittlement are the principal factors limiting mechanical...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1994
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05.a0001265
EISBN: 978-1-62708-170-2
... be more easily separated (precipitated) from waste solutions by pH adjustment. Starting in the late 1970s, bath additives for EDTA systems (see below) were developed that allowed excellent control of plating rate, grain structure, and other important factors. Because of the very high affinity of EDTA...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 1995
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.emde.a0003041
EISBN: 978-1-62708-200-6
... thickness, and were cured at room temperature, they would fulfill the fantasy of all tool designers. Properly designed tools that produce acceptable parts on a reproducible basis are a must when fabricating composite structures. In fact, their design requires the consideration of as many factors as are...