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ruthenium binary system

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Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 3
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 27 April 2016
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v03.a0006200
EISBN: 978-1-62708-163-4
... system, a table of crystallographic data is provided that includes the composition, Pearson symbol, space group, and prototype for each phase. binary phase diagrams crystallographic data phase data ruthenium binary system THIS ARTICLE includes systems where ruthenium is the first-named...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 3
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 27 April 2016
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v03.a0006215
EISBN: 978-1-62708-163-4
... system, a table of crystallographic data is provided that includes the composition, Pearson symbol, space group, and prototype for each phase. binary phase diagrams crystallographic data phase data uranium binary system THIS ARTICLE includes systems where uranium is the first-named element...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 3
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 27 April 2016
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v03.a0006216
EISBN: 978-1-62708-163-4
... system, a table of crystallographic data is provided that includes the composition, Pearson symbol, space group, and prototype for each phase. binary phase diagrams crystallographic data phase data vanadium binary system THIS ARTICLE includes systems where vanadium is the first-named element...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 3
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 27 April 2016
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v03.a0006209
EISBN: 978-1-62708-163-4
... system, a table of crystallographic data is provided that includes the composition, Pearson symbol, space group, and prototype for each phase. binary phase diagrams crystallographic data phase data tantalum binary system THIS ARTICLE includes systems where tantalum is the first-named element...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 3
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 27 April 2016
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v03.a0006213
EISBN: 978-1-62708-163-4
... system, a table of crystallographic data is provided that includes the composition, Pearson symbol, space group, and prototype for each phase. binary phase diagrams crystallographic data phase data titanium binary system THIS ARTICLE includes systems where titanium is the first-named element...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 3
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 27 April 2016
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v03.a0006205
EISBN: 978-1-62708-163-4
... system, a table of crystallographic data is provided that includes the composition, Pearson symbol, space group, and prototype for each phase. binary phase diagrams crystallographic data phase data silicon binary system THIS ARTICLE includes systems where silicon is the first-named element...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 4E
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2016
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v04e.a0006259
EISBN: 978-1-62708-169-6
... miscibility gaps, indicating possible age-hardening capability. The PGM binaries that include ruthenium and some base metals are more complicated, but all have certain compositional ranges that show solubility as well. Palladium-silver alloys are solid solutions over the entire compositional range. There are...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 9
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2004
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v09.a0003776
EISBN: 978-1-62708-177-1
...-content alloys need only 10 s immersion, whereas the higher-ruthenium-content alloys (near 50 at.%) require up to 30 s. Figure 71 shows a lower-ruthenium-content alloy; these often have additional phases from the cascade of peritectic reactions in the aluminum-ruthenium system. Fig. 70 Scanning...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13b.a0003829
EISBN: 978-1-62708-183-2
... Abstract This article characterizes the corrosion resistance of precious metals, namely, ruthenium, rhodium, palladium, silver, osmium, iridium, platinum, and gold. It provides a discussion on the general fabricability; atomic, structural, physical, and mechanical properties; oxidation and...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13b.a0003836
EISBN: 978-1-62708-183-2
.... The first group includes the transition metal-metal binary alloy systems, such as copper-zirconium, nickel-titanium, and nickel-niobium, as well as binary alloys in the aluminum-refractory metal and Al-TM type. The second class consists of TM-metalloid alloys. These alloys are usually iron-, nickel...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1994
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05.a0001267
EISBN: 978-1-62708-170-2
... incorporate this technique. Displacement tin-lead alloys are available for limited use as solder deposits. Process control is critical in producing a consistent alloy and melting point in this system. The other system, which is also used on a limited basis, is an alloy of palladium and ruthenium used in the...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13b.a0003837
EISBN: 978-1-62708-183-2
... for use as structural materials and/or as cladding for conventional engineering alloys. Figure 6 presents the phase diagram of the iron-aluminum binary system ( Ref 1 ). In the iron aluminide system, the alloys of interest are of composition Fe 3 Al and FeAl. It is reported ( Ref 3 ) that the...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2003
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13a.a0003588
EISBN: 978-1-62708-182-5
... standard Gibbs energy change of formation of oxides and the corresponding dissociation pressures of the oxides as a function of temperature. It demonstrates the Kellogg diagram which shows stability range in more complicated multioxidant systems. The article explains the determination of partial pressures...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 2
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1990
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v02.a0001088
EISBN: 978-1-62708-162-7
.... In the gold-nickel-copper system, the immiscibility gap in the gold-nickel binary system extends into the ternary field. In the gold-silver-copper system, the silver-copper binary eutectic generates an immiscibility gap that extends into the ternary. Note however, that in one case (gold-nickel-copper...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2013
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05a.a0005709
EISBN: 978-1-62708-171-9
...: Modification of the environment Electrical methods of control Selection of corrosion-resistant materials Use of coatings Of the aforementioned, coatings often are chosen by the industry due to the versatility they offer. Historically, coating systems used to protect metallic infrastructure, be it...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 2
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1990
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v02.a0001097
EISBN: 978-1-62708-162-7
... overlays Binary, ternary, and multicomponent silver alloys such as silver-cadmium, silver-copper, silver-copper-nickel, or silver-cadmium-nickel contact materials Composite silver-base materials with refractory constituents such as cadmium oxide, magnesium oxide, tin oxide, graphite, tungsten...
Book Chapter

By W.L. Johnson
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 2
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1990
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v02.a0001095
EISBN: 978-1-62708-162-7
... cooling rates. With it Duwez et al. ( Ref 5 ) produced the first metallic glasses in the gold-silicon binary system. Fig. 3 Schematic showing the gun quenching apparatus used by Duwez et al. to carry out rapid solidification experiments. Source: Ref 4 A somewhat refined version of the...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 1995
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.emde.a0003062
EISBN: 978-1-62708-200-6
... a fuel cell. In operation the fuel is oxidized and this chemical reaction provides the energy that is converted to electricity ( Ref 4 ). A fuel cell power plant has three basic components: the fuel system, which manages the processing and flow of fuel to the fuel cell; the fuel cell, which converts...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 10
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 December 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v10.a0006684
EISBN: 978-1-62708-213-6
... preparation are not covered in this article as they are covered in great depth for all commercially used alloy systems, together with the use of the light microscope, interpretation of microstructure, and color metallography ( Ref 1 – 18 ). This article concentrates on how to reveal microstructure properly to...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 6
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1993
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v06.a0001454
EISBN: 978-1-62708-173-3
... corrosion resistance—required traits for materials used for high-reliability electrical contacts. More filler metals are available for copper and copper alloys than for any other metal system. They vary widely in composition and cost. Standard alloys are listed by AWS reference code in...