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ruthenium alloys

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Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 3
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 27 April 2016
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v03.a0006200
EISBN: 978-1-62708-163-4
...Abstract Abstract This article is a compilation of binary alloy phase diagrams for which ruthenium (Ru) is the first named element in the binary pair. The diagrams are presented with element compositions in weight percent. The atomic percent compositions are given in a secondary scale. For each...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003150
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
...Abstract Abstract Precious metals include gold, silver, and six platinum-group metals, namely, platinum, palladium, ruthenium, rhodium, osmium, and iridium. This article focuses on the consumption, trade practices, properties, product forms, and applications of these metals and their alloys...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 9
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2004
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v09.a0003776
EISBN: 978-1-62708-177-1
... at 1150 °C (2100 °F) for 1406 h and 1200 °C (2190 °F) for 989 h, showing ruthenium-rich hexagonal close-packed needles in a palladium-rich face-centered cubic matrix. 400× Fig. 65 Scanning electron microscope micrograph in secondary electron mode of nominal 20Pd-80Mo (at.%) alloy annealed...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 2
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1990
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v02.a0001088
EISBN: 978-1-62708-162-7
... of cast gold-silver-copper alloys, fractional percentages of iridium or rhodium, plus ruthenium, have been used, particularly in the dental field, to refine the structure. In the wrought jewelry alloys, additions are occasionally desired to reduce the rate of grain growth, and a very small amount...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 4E
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2016
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v04e.a0006259
EISBN: 978-1-62708-169-6
...Abstract Abstract This article describes the annealing behavior of precious metals, namely, gold, silver, platinum, palladium, iridium, rhodium, ruthenium, and osmium. It discusses the annealing practices and their effect on the basic properties of common precious metal alloys. The article...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 23
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v23.a0005670
EISBN: 978-1-62708-198-6
... mechanical properties modern stents noble metals osmium palladium physical properties platinum precious metals rhodium ruthenium traditional amalgam alloys THE FOCUS of this article is a review of noble and precious metal use for biomedical applications. The noble metals include gold, platinum...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 2
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1990
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v02.a0001097
EISBN: 978-1-62708-162-7
..., palladium, and composites. Chemical Properties Activation Polymer Formation Erosion and Sticking Resistance and Noise Fine Platinum Platinum-Iridium Alloys Platinum-Ruthenium Alloys Pt-18.4Pd-8.2Ru Fine Palladium Palladium-Ruthenium Alloys Pd-40Cu Pd-40Ag Multiple...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13b.a0003822
EISBN: 978-1-62708-183-2
... characteristic circular pit morphology ( Fig. 5 ) and can involve local hydrogen absorption. Pit initiation has not been observed with copper, nickel, or austenitic stainless steel alloys smeared into titanium surfaces. The titanium-palladium (Ti-Pd), titanium-ruthenium (Ti-Ru), and grade 12 alloys appear...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 2
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1990
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v02.a0001087
EISBN: 978-1-62708-162-7
...Abstract Abstract Precious metals are of inestimable value to modern civilization. This article discusses the resources and consumption, trade practices, and special properties of precious metals and its alloys, including ruthenium, rhodium, palladium, silver, osmium, iridium, platinum...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13b.a0003829
EISBN: 978-1-62708-183-2
...Selected properties of the noble metals Table 1 Selected properties of the noble metals Property Metal Platinum Palladium Iridium Rhodium Osmium Ruthenium Gold Silver Atomic number 78 46 77 45 76 44 79 47 Atomic weight, amu 195.09 106.4 192.2 102.905 190.2...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1994
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05.a0001254
EISBN: 978-1-62708-170-2
...Ruthenium electroplating solutions Table 1 Ruthenium electroplating solutions Constituent or condition Amount or value General-purpose solution Ruthenium (as sulfamate or nitrosyl sulfamate), g/L (oz/gal) 5.3 (0.7) Sulfamic acid, g/L (oz/gal) 8 (1.1) Anodes Platinum...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 3
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 27 April 2016
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v03.a0006209
EISBN: 978-1-62708-163-4
... - Tantalum)” : in the article “Ni (Nickel) Binary Alloy Phase Diagrams.” “Rh-Ta (Rhodium - Tantalum)” : in the article “Rh (Rhodium) Binary Alloy Phase Diagrams.” “Ru-Ta (Ruthenium - Tantalum)” : in the article “Ru (Ruthenium) Binary Alloy Phase Diagrams.” “Si-Ta (Silicon - Tantalum...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 3
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 27 April 2016
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v03.a0006215
EISBN: 978-1-62708-163-4
...)” in the article “Re (Rhenium) Binary Alloy Phase Diagrams.” “Rh-U (Rhodium - Uranium)” in the article “Rh (Rhodium) Binary Alloy Phase Diagrams.” “Ru-U (Ruthenium - Uranium)” in the article “Ru (Ruthenium) Binary Alloy Phase Diagrams.” “Sb-U (Antimony - Uranium)” in the article “Sb (Antimony...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 3
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 27 April 2016
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v03.a0006213
EISBN: 978-1-62708-163-4
... - Titanium) ” in the article “Rh (Rhodium) Binary Alloy Phase Diagrams.” “Ru-Ti (Ruthenium - Titanium) ” in the article “Ru (Ruthenium) Binary Alloy Phase Diagrams.” “S-Ti (Sulfur - Titanium) ” in the article “S (Sulfur) Binary Alloy Phase Diagrams.” “Sc-Ti (Scandium - Titanium...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 3
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 27 April 2016
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v03.a0006216
EISBN: 978-1-62708-163-4
...Abstract Abstract This article is a compilation of binary alloy phase diagrams for which vanadium (V) is the first named element in the binary pair. The diagrams are presented with element compositions in weight percent. The atomic percent compositions are given in a secondary scale. For each...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 3
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 27 April 2016
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v03.a0006205
EISBN: 978-1-62708-163-4
....” “Pt-Si (Platinum - Silicon)” in the article “Pt (Platinum) Binary Alloy Phase Diagrams.” “Re-Si (Rhenium - Silicon)” in the article “Re (Rhenium) Binary Alloy Phase Diagrams “Ru-Si (Ruthenium - Silicon)” in the article “Ru (Ruthenium) Binary Alloy Phase Diagrams.” “Sb-Si (Antimony...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13b.a0003814
EISBN: 978-1-62708-183-2
... in the presence of oxygen. The group 2 materials contain small quantities of either palladium or ruthenium, which have a powerful, positive influence on corrosion resistance. The group 3 materials are more highly alloyed but maintain their predominantly alpha microstructures. They possess higher strengths than...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 3
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 27 April 2016
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v03.a0006198
EISBN: 978-1-62708-163-4
...Abstract Abstract This article is a compilation of binary alloy phase diagrams for which rhenium (Re) is the first named element in the binary pair. The diagrams are presented with element compositions in weight percent. The atomic percent compositions are given in a secondary scale. For each...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 3
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 27 April 2016
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v03.a0006191
EISBN: 978-1-62708-163-4
...Abstract Abstract This article is a compilation of binary alloy phase diagrams for which phosphorus (P) is the first named element in the binary pair. The diagrams are presented with element compositions in weight percent. The atomic percent compositions are given in a secondary scale. For each...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 3
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 27 April 2016
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v03.a0006161
EISBN: 978-1-62708-163-4
...Abstract Abstract This article is a compilation of binary alloy phase diagrams for which erbium (Er) is the first named element in the binary pair. The diagrams are presented with element compositions in weight percent. The atomic percent compositions are given in a secondary scale. For each...