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ruthenium alloys

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Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 3
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 27 April 2016
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v03.a0006200
EISBN: 978-1-62708-163-4
... Abstract This article is a compilation of binary alloy phase diagrams for which ruthenium (Ru) is the first named element in the binary pair. The diagrams are presented with element compositions in weight percent. The atomic percent compositions are given in a secondary scale. For each binary...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003150
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
... Abstract Precious metals include gold, silver, and six platinum-group metals, namely, platinum, palladium, ruthenium, rhodium, osmium, and iridium. This article focuses on the consumption, trade practices, properties, product forms, and applications of these metals and their alloys. gold...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13b.a0003829
EISBN: 978-1-62708-183-2
... Abstract This article characterizes the corrosion resistance of precious metals, namely, ruthenium, rhodium, palladium, silver, osmium, iridium, platinum, and gold. It provides a discussion on the general fabricability; atomic, structural, physical, and mechanical properties; oxidation and...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 4E
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2016
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v04e.a0006259
EISBN: 978-1-62708-169-6
... Abstract This article describes the annealing behavior of precious metals, namely, gold, silver, platinum, palladium, iridium, rhodium, ruthenium, and osmium. It discusses the annealing practices and their effect on the basic properties of common precious metal alloys. The article presents the...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 23
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v23.a0005670
EISBN: 978-1-62708-198-6
... gold coatings high-copper amalgam alloys iridium iridium oxide coatings mechanical properties modern stents noble metals osmium palladium physical properties platinum precious metals rhodium ruthenium traditional amalgam alloys THE FOCUS of this article is a review of noble and...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13b.a0003822
EISBN: 978-1-62708-183-2
... titanium surfaces. The titanium-palladium (Ti-Pd), titanium-ruthenium (Ti-Ru), and grade 12 alloys appear to be much more resistant to this form of localized attack. Fig. 5 Smeared surface iron pitting of unalloyed titanium tubing in hot brine service. Source: Ref 22 Several highly effective...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 22A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2009
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v22a.a0005443
EISBN: 978-1-62708-196-2
... Palladium 20 11.76 Platinum 20 8.9 Rhenium 20 to 500 6.7 Rhodium 20 to 100 8.3 Ruthenium 20 9.1 Silicon 0 to 1400 5 Silver 0 to 100 19.68 Tungsten 27 4.6 Vanadium 23 to 100 8.3 Zirconium … 5.85 (a) Longitudinal; 23.4 transverse. (b) Longitudinal...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003142
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
... work has been the development of Ti-0.2Pd, which has considerably greater resistance to corrosion in reducing environments than does unalloyed titanium (ruthenium additions have been found to have the same effect). In addition, work on alloying for thermodynamic stability has resulted in Ti-2Ni, which...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13b.a0006543
EISBN: 978-1-62708-183-2
... … 8.57 0.310 Osmium … 22.583 0.816 Plutonium … 19.84 0.717 Potassium … 0.86 0.031 Rhenium … 21.04 0.756 Rhodium … 12.44 0.447 Ruthenium … 12.2 0.441 Selenium … 4.79 0.174 Silicon … 2.33 0.084 Silver … 10.49 0.379 Sodium … 0.97 0.035 Tantalum...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 22A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2009
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v22a.a0005442
EISBN: 978-1-62708-196-2
... Niobium 8.57 0.310 Osmium 22.583 0.816 Plutonium 19.84 0.717 Potassium 0.86 0.031 Rhenium 21.04 0.756 Rhodium 12.44 0.447 Ruthenium 12.2 0.441 Selenium 4.79 0.174 Silicon 2.33 0.084 Silver 10.49 0.379 Sodium 0.97 0.035 Tantalum 16.6 0.600 Thalium...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003140
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
... other compound formers sometimes are used in β-rich α-β alloys or in β alloys, because they are strong β stabilizers and improve hardenability and response to heat treatment. Nickel, molybdenum, palladium, and ruthenium improve corrosion resistance of unalloyed titanium in certain media...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003082
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
... Lithium 0.534 0.019 Manganese 7.43 0.270 Mercury 13.546 0.489 Molybdenum 10.22 0.369 Niobium 8.57 0.310 Osmium 22.583 0.816 Plutonium 19.84 0.717 Potassium 0.86 0.031 Rhenium 21.04 0.756 Rhodium 12.44 0.447 Ruthenium 12.2 0.441 Selenium 4.79 0.174...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1994
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05.a0001254
EISBN: 978-1-62708-170-2
... Alloys and Special-Purpose Materials , Volume 2 of ASM Handbook . Good overview coverage of plating of these metals is available in Ref 1 , 2 , and 3 . Ruthenium in the solid form is hard and brittle; furthermore, it oxidizes rather easily. These factors limit its use, even as...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13b.a0003828
EISBN: 978-1-62708-183-2
... in corrosion resistance. Chromium protected uranium in boiling water, but protection was lost in chloride solutions. Bismuth and tin additions formed pyrophoric phases. Cerium, rhodium, and ruthenium increased the corrosion rate. Some elements showed synergistic effects (e.g., U-Nb-Zr), but their...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003181
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
... also listed. The alloys of platinum with up to about 40% rhodium, 30% iridium, or 10% ruthenium comprise those of chief industrial use. All are worked by the same general methods as are used for platinum, allowance being made for the greater stiffness and hardness of the alloys. They can be...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13b.a0003836
EISBN: 978-1-62708-183-2
... Abstract This article illustrates the three techniques for producing glassy metals, namely, liquid phase quenching, atomic or molecular deposition, and external action technique. Devitrification of an amorphous alloy can proceed by several routes, including primary crystallization, eutectoid...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1994
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05.a0001267
EISBN: 978-1-62708-170-2
... incorporate this technique. Displacement tin-lead alloys are available for limited use as solder deposits. Process control is critical in producing a consistent alloy and melting point in this system. The other system, which is also used on a limited basis, is an alloy of palladium and ruthenium used in the...
Book: Casting
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 15
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v15.a0005337
EISBN: 978-1-62708-187-0
...-solution strengtheners of the alpha phase. Alloying elements to improve corrosion resistance include nickel, molybdenum, palladium, and ruthenium. Additionally, silicon is added to titanium alloys to improve creep resistance in amounts ranging from 0.08 to 0.45 wt%. More detailed information of the...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 3
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 27 April 2016
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v03.a0006215
EISBN: 978-1-62708-163-4
... (Plutonium - Uranium)” in the article “Pu (Plutonium) Binary Alloy Phase Diagrams.” “Re-U (Rhenium - Uranium)” in the article “Re (Rhenium) Binary Alloy Phase Diagrams.” “Rh-U (Rhodium - Uranium)” in the article “Rh (Rhodium) Binary Alloy Phase Diagrams.” “Ru-U (Ruthenium - Uranium)” in...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 3
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 27 April 2016
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v03.a0006216
EISBN: 978-1-62708-163-4
... article “Pt (Platinum) Binary Phase Diagrams.” “Re-V (Rhenium - Vanadium)” in the article “Re (Rhenium) Binary Phase Diagrams.” “Rh-V (Rhodium - Vanadium)” in the article “Rh (Rhodium) Binary Phase Diagrams.” “Ru-V (Ruthenium - Vanadium)” in the article “Ru (Ruthenium) Binary Phase...