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ruthenium

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Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 3
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 27 April 2016
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v03.a0006200
EISBN: 978-1-62708-163-4
... Abstract This article is a compilation of binary alloy phase diagrams for which ruthenium (Ru) is the first named element in the binary pair. The diagrams are presented with element compositions in weight percent. The atomic percent compositions are given in a secondary scale. For each binary...
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Published: 01 January 1990
Fig. 18 Tensile strength of platinum-ruthenium alloys as a function of ruthenium content. Initially reduced by 75%, then annealed 15 min More
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Published: 01 January 1990
Fig. 19 Electrical resistance of platinum-ruthenium alloys as a function of ruthenium content More
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Published: 01 January 2005
Fig. 20 Corrosion rate profiles for various palladium- and ruthenium-enhanced titanium alloys in boiling, naturally aerated HCl solutions More
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Published: 01 January 2005
Fig. 52 Evans diagram showing how alloying titanium with palladium or ruthenium achieves passivation in reducing acids via cathodic depolarization. SHE, standard hydrogen electrode; PGM, platinum-group metal. Source: Ref 147 More
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Published: 01 December 2004
Fig. 7 Microstructure of as-cast pure ruthenium, as-polished and viewed in polarized light plus sensitive tint, revealing a mixture of equiaxed and columnar hexagonal close-packed grains and some small shrinkage cavities (black). The magnification bar is 200 μm long. More
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Published: 15 December 2019
Fig. 17 Microstructure of as-polished pure ruthenium (99.95%) specimen viewed in polarized light: (a) as-cast structure contains a mixture of equiaxed and columnar hexagonal close-packed grains and some small shrinkage cavities (black); (b) fine-grained and equiaxed wrought structure More
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 23
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v23.a0005670
EISBN: 978-1-62708-198-6
... Abstract This article focuses on the use of noble and precious metals for biomedical applications. These include gold, platinum, palladium, ruthenium, rhodium, iridium, and osmium. The physical and mechanical properties of noble and precious metals are presented in tables. A brief discussion...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13b.a0003829
EISBN: 978-1-62708-183-2
... Abstract This article characterizes the corrosion resistance of precious metals, namely, ruthenium, rhodium, palladium, silver, osmium, iridium, platinum, and gold. It provides a discussion on the general fabricability; atomic, structural, physical, and mechanical properties; oxidation...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 9
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2004
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v09.a0003776
EISBN: 978-1-62708-177-1
... micrographs, comparing and contrasting the microstructural features of gold, platinum, iridium, palladium, and ruthenium-base alloys. It examines pure gold, intermetallic gold compounds, gold and platinum jewelry alloys, platinum-containing shape memory alloys, and alloys consisting of platinum, aluminum...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1994
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05.a0001254
EISBN: 978-1-62708-170-2
... Abstract The electroplating of platinum-group metals (PGMs) from aqueous electrolytes for engineering applications is limited principally to palladium and, to a lesser extent, to platinum, rhodium, and thin layers of ruthenium. This article provides a discussion on the plating operations...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 4E
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2016
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v04e.a0006259
EISBN: 978-1-62708-169-6
... Abstract This article describes the annealing behavior of precious metals, namely, gold, silver, platinum, palladium, iridium, rhodium, ruthenium, and osmium. It discusses the annealing practices and their effect on the basic properties of common precious metal alloys. The article presents...
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Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 2
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1990
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v02.a0001087
EISBN: 978-1-62708-162-7
... Abstract Precious metals are of inestimable value to modern civilization. This article discusses the resources and consumption, trade practices, and special properties of precious metals and its alloys, including ruthenium, rhodium, palladium, silver, osmium, iridium, platinum, and gold...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003150
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
... Abstract Precious metals include gold, silver, and six platinum-group metals, namely, platinum, palladium, ruthenium, rhodium, osmium, and iridium. This article focuses on the consumption, trade practices, properties, product forms, and applications of these metals and their alloys. gold...
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Published: 01 January 1990
voltage regulators. Silver-nickel with silver-palladium made the poorest showing and failed from sticking. Palladium-copper-silver with platinum-ruthenium, and platinum-ruthenium with tungsten-failed from oxide insulation. Tungsten with tungsten, which failed from oxide insulation at 1.8 A, survived about More
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Published: 01 December 2004
Fig. 64 Light micrograph of nominal 81Pd-19Ru (at.%) alloy annealed at 1150 °C (2100 °F) for 1406 h and 1200 °C (2190 °F) for 989 h, showing ruthenium-rich hexagonal close-packed needles in a palladium-rich face-centered cubic matrix. 400× More
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Published: 01 December 2004
Fig. 67 Scanning electron microscope micrograph in backscattered electron mode of nominal 70Mo-20Pd-10Ru (at.%) alloy annealed at 1200 °C (2190 °F) for 840 h, showing molybdenum-rich body-centered cubic (dark contrast) and ruthenium-rich hexagonal close-packed (light contrast). 1250× More
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Published: 01 December 2004
Fig. 66 Scanning electron microscope micrograph in secondary electron mode of nominal 60Pd-30Ru-10Mo (at.%) alloy annealed at 1200 °C (2190 °F) for 1345 h, showing ruthenium-rich hexagonal close-packed needles in a palladium-rich face-centered cubic matrix. The smaller needles were More
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 3
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 27 April 2016
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v03.a0006209
EISBN: 978-1-62708-163-4
... - Tantalum)” : in the article “Ni (Nickel) Binary Alloy Phase Diagrams.” “Rh-Ta (Rhodium - Tantalum)” : in the article “Rh (Rhodium) Binary Alloy Phase Diagrams.” “Ru-Ta (Ruthenium - Tantalum)” : in the article “Ru (Ruthenium) Binary Alloy Phase Diagrams.” “Si-Ta (Silicon - Tantalum...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 3
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 27 April 2016
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v03.a0006216
EISBN: 978-1-62708-163-4
...)” in the article “Pt (Platinum) Binary Phase Diagrams.” “Re-V (Rhenium - Vanadium)” in the article “Re (Rhenium) Binary Phase Diagrams.” “Rh-V (Rhodium - Vanadium)” in the article “Rh (Rhodium) Binary Phase Diagrams.” “Ru-V (Ruthenium - Vanadium)” in the article “Ru (Ruthenium) Binary Phase...