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rust and scale removal

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Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1994
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05.a0001221
EISBN: 978-1-62708-170-2
... Abstract This article describes the basic attributes of the most widely used metal surface cleaning processes to remove pigmented drawing compounds, unpigmented oil and grease, chips, cutting fluids, polishing and buffing compounds, rust and scale from steel parts, and residues and lapping...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13C
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13c.a0004121
EISBN: 978-1-62708-184-9
... over a winter test period with no evidence of blistering, spalling, or peeling. This entire tank was then repainted with one of the moisture-cured polyurethane systems. The coating exhibited no evidence of cracking or peeling, no evidence of rust, and no evidence of corrosion for the past 4 years ( Ref...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 September 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05b.a0006024
EISBN: 978-1-62708-172-6
... Abstract This article reviews the steps involved in presurface-preparation inspection: substrate replacement; removal of weld spatter, rounding of sharp edges, and grinding of slivers/laminations; and removal of rust scale, grease, oil, and chemical (soluble salt) contamination. It focuses on...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003213
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
... Abstract Metal surfaces must often be cleaned before subsequent operations to remove unwanted substances such as pigmented drawing compounds, unpigmented oil and grease, chips and cutting fluids, polishing and buffing compounds, rust and scale, and miscellaneous contaminants. The article...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 8
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2000
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v08.a0003303
EISBN: 978-1-62708-176-4
... to study the spallation of tin. This profile illustrates the fundamental aspects of elastic-plastic behavior in a ductile metal, which are observed during shock loading of a ductile material. Relative scales are given in Fig. 1 to illustrate the high velocities and short times typical for shock...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 8
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2000
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v08.a0003296
EISBN: 978-1-62708-176-4
... 8 , 9 , 10 ). Robust material models capturing the controlling physics of high-rate materials response are required for large-scale finite-element simulations of many complex engineering systems and processes, including the following: Automotive crashworthiness Aerospace impacts, including...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1994
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05.a0001229
EISBN: 978-1-62708-170-2
... required to achieve the rapid scale removal rate that is possible with HCl alone is too high to be economical, and the mixed acids cannot be properly handled by many of the spent pickle liquor disposal methods now in use ( Ref 1 ). Acids other than HCl or H 2 SO 4 have been used to remove rust and scale...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003220
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
... are not recommended for use as blasting media because they may cause particles of iron to become embedded in stainless steel surfaces and thus severely detract from their corrosion resistance. Unless these contaminants are completely removed by acid pickling, they can rust and provide sites for...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1994
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05.a0001314
EISBN: 978-1-62708-170-2
.... Steel particles rust, and brass particles discolor the nickel alloys. Brushing is done at slower speeds than those used for polishing. Brushing speeds are normally 5 to 15 m/s (1200 to 3000 sfm), depending on the final finish desired. Higher speeds, 20 to 30 m/s (4000 to 6000 sfm), are required to...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13b.a0003831
EISBN: 978-1-62708-183-2
... type of attack includes the use of proper solvents to remove the flux, and rinsing the joint with clean water. In many cases (for example, steel alloys), a further step is required to instill some corrosion resistance to the base metal. This may include the application of rust-preventive solutions or...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003217
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
... fabrication hot dip galvanizing process is the use of heated alkaline cleaning baths. Aqueous solutions of sulfuric acid or hydrochloric acid are generally used to remove mill scale and rust from steel parts before galvanizing. These pickling solutions can either be sulfuric acid, 3 to 10 wt%, or...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13b.a0003818
EISBN: 978-1-62708-183-2
... properties and corrosion resistance of tinplate are summarized. The article also describes the methods of corrosion testing of coatings; these include an analysis of coating thickness measurements, porosity and rust resistance testing, solderability test, and specific special tests. atmospheric...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 9
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2004
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v09.a0003780
EISBN: 978-1-62708-177-1
... globules As-polished Light gray Dark gray Heat tinted Dark gray … Copper plated 1–2 min No deposit … UO 2 Globular or partly elongated As-polished Dark gray Red, rust Heat tinted Dark gray … Copper plated 1–2 min No deposit … UH 3 Needles or stringers As polished Tan...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 September 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05b.a0006016
EISBN: 978-1-62708-172-6
... installation of the protective coating/lining system. Prior to beginning surface-preparation operations, many specifications will require a presurface-preparation inspection to verify the correction of fabrication defects and removal of surface contamination such as grease, oil, cutting compounds, lubricants...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 4A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2013
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v04a.a0005778
EISBN: 978-1-62708-165-8
... a rust-preventive fluid or soluble oil. Parts that are rinsed free of cyanide by immersion in a chloride salt and then isothermally quenched in a nitrate-nitrite salt are easily cleaned by agitated hot-water washing and rinsing. It is also possible to reclaim the nitrate-nitrite salt from the wash...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 1
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1990
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v01.a0001045
EISBN: 978-1-62708-161-0
... abrasion-resistant ferrous alloys, manganese steels are superior in toughness and moderate in cost. Manganese steel is not corrosion resistant; it rusts readily. Many of the common applications of austenitic manganese steel involve welding, either for fabrication or for repair. austenitic manganese...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0001816
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... determine the cause and suggest corrective action. The causes of failures include tube rupture, corrosion or scaling, fatigue, erosion, and stress-corrosion cracking. The article also describes the procedures for conducting a failure analysis. boilers corrosion embrittlement erosion failure...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003225
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
... macroscopic scale as ductile fractures, brittle fractures, fatigue fractures, and fractures resulting from the combined effects of stress and environment. corrosion failures corrosion-fatigue failures distortion failures elevated-temperature failures fatigue failures fracture hydrogen-damage...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13C
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13c.a0004143
EISBN: 978-1-62708-184-9
... inhibitor. Also, increasing temperature and concentration of cleaning chemicals usually necessitates a greater dose of inhibitor. Due to the relatively low heat transfer of glass, the jackets of glass-lined equipment may require frequent cleaning to remove rust, algae, and the like. Hydrochloric acid or...
Book: Machining
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 16
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1989
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v16.a0002151
EISBN: 978-1-62708-188-7
... Foaming Bacterial growth Chemical disposal Effect of the coolant on the surrounding environment Loss of visibility has become less important as machinery has become more automated and is often justified by removing from the environment the dust particles prevalent in dry grinding. Rust...