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Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1994
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05.a0001263
EISBN: 978-1-62708-170-2
..., cobalt, iron, and copper, providing information on mandrel design and selection, electroforming solutions and operating variables. It discusses the significant aspects of electroforming that demand special considerations, such as metal distribution, internal deposit stress, roughness, and treeing. The...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003190
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
... Abstract Both surface finish and surface integrity must be defined, measured, and maintained within specified limits in the processing of any product. Surface texture is defined in terms of roughness, waviness, lay, and flaws. This article illustrates some of the designations of surface...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 September 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05b.a0006016
EISBN: 978-1-62708-172-6
..., and chemical contaminants. When inspecting concrete prior to coating installation, three areas of concern exist: surface roughness, moisture content in concrete, and acidity/alkalinity of the surface. The article provides information on the industry standards for assessing surface cleanliness. It...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 12
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1987
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v12.a0001838
EISBN: 978-1-62708-181-8
... Abstract This article discusses the fractal characteristics of fracture surfaces as a means for describing and quantifying irregular, complex curves and surfaces of fractured materials. It describes the important relationship between the profile and surface roughness parameters that yield the...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 12
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1987
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v12.a0001837
EISBN: 978-1-62708-181-8
... quantitative geometrical methods for characterizing nonplanar fracture surfaces. Prominent techniques for studying fracture surfaces are based on the projected images, stereoscopic viewing, and sectioning. The article provides information on various roughness and materials-related parameters for profiles and...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1994
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05.a0001236
EISBN: 978-1-62708-170-2
... control of aspects of component performance related to surface topography is required (e.g., wear characteristics, friction, reflectivity, resistance to stress failure, or lubrication properties), roughness is analyzed. If control of some aspect of machine tool performance or component performance (e.g...
Book

Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 16
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1989
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v16.9781627081887
EISBN: 978-1-62708-188-7
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1994
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05.a0001233
EISBN: 978-1-62708-170-2
... 2 ) 4.4 (0.27) NaNO 3 0.60 (5) 3.3 (0.20) Zirconium NaCl or KCl 0.30 (2 1 2 ) 2.1 (0.13) (a) Feed rates limited by graphite particle size. (b) Maximum; can vary widely. (c) Rough surface finish. (d) NaNO 3 electrolyte provides better surface finish...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003193
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
... metals can be divided, with some overlap, into rough and precision grinding. Precision grinding is defined as grinding to exacting tolerances and finishes. Rough grinding is defined as dimensioning or removing excess metal. The distinctions between these two categories are based on the desired material...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1994
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05.a0001232
EISBN: 978-1-62708-170-2
... selection work material ABRASIVE FINISHING includes many commercial processes, which can be generally classified as rough grinding, precision grinding , or high-precision grinding. The distinctions among these categories are based on the desired material removal rates and the acceptable tolerance or...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 22A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2009
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v22a.a0005417
EISBN: 978-1-62708-196-2
... rolling, for instance, among the parameters that influence the interactions are the work roll and the back-up roll dimensions; their hardness, magnitude, and direction of the surface roughness; cooling systems; lubricant delivery; and the location of nozzles. The mechanical properties of the rolls and the...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1994
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05.a0001238
EISBN: 978-1-62708-170-2
....). Table speed: 1 m/s. Corundum grinding wheel: A80K6V; diameter, 30 mm (1.2 in.); width, 8 mm (0.3 in.); speed, 40 m/s. Dressing: D 427 diamond cup wheel; speed ratio, 0.7; overlap, 40; infeed, 2 μm. Cooling: 4% emulsion. (a) Roughing. Relative metal removal rate (MRR), 6 mm 3 /mm · s; relative volume of...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1994
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05.a0005586
EISBN: 978-1-62708-170-2
... printed wiring board QWP quarter-wave plate r radius; resistivity R roentgen; force vector R radius; gas constant; resistance R a surface roughness in terms of arithmetic average RA reduction in area RCRA Resource Conservation and Recovery Act RE rare...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003192
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
...% Table 5 Reaming, free-machining low-carbon steels, wrought Material Hardness, HB Condition Roughing Finishing Speed, fpm Feed (a) , ipr, at reamer diam, in., of: Tool material grade, AISI or C Speed, fpm Feed (a) , ipr, at reamer diam, in., of: Tool material grade, AISI or C 1...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 14A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v14a.a0004041
EISBN: 978-1-62708-185-6
... Rough machining (of die block and/or electrodischarge machining, or EDM, electrode) Finish machining (including semifinishing where necessary) Manual finishing or benching (including manual or automated polishing) Tryout An information flow model (including the use of a coordinate...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1994
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05.a0001231
EISBN: 978-1-62708-170-2
... lathe, mirror-like surfaces with an average surface roughness ( R a ) of 1 nm have been achieved. Even composites such as silicon-carbide-whisker-reinforced (SiC w ) aluminum have been successfully machined by single-crystal diamonds to R a of 10 nm ( Ref 9 ). Fig. 2 Single-crystal diamond...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 23
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v23.a0005678
EISBN: 978-1-62708-198-6
... replacement joints are now well understood. If the counterfaces are rough ( Ref 61 ) or damaged ( Ref 62 ), the basic abrasive and adhesive wear mechanisms dominate, but as the counterface roughness is improved, subsurface fatigue plays an increasingly important role. This has been clearly revealed by...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1994
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05.a0001286
EISBN: 978-1-62708-170-2
... material, surface preparation, deposition process, and characterization procedures The properties of a film of a material formed by any PVD process depends on four factors: Substrate surface condition —e.g., surface morphology (roughness, inclusions, particulate contamination), surface chemistry...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1994
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05.a0001237
EISBN: 978-1-62708-170-2
... perimeter Roughness Breath Orientation Computer-based image analysis is a contrast-based microstructural analysis tool that is finding widespread use because of significant improvements in computer speed and memory capabilities. The modern quantitative image analysis...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1994
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05.a0001242
EISBN: 978-1-62708-170-2
... anodes increases with increasing concentration of free cyanide. Low free-cyanide content may cause rough deposits due to anode polarization; however, excessive free cyanide lowers cathode efficiency, resulting in thinner deposits per unit of time. Modifications of the pH, or alkalinity, of the strike...