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rough grinding

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Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003193
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
... metals can be divided, with some overlap, into rough and precision grinding. Precision grinding is defined as grinding to exacting tolerances and finishes. Rough grinding is defined as dimensioning or removing excess metal. The distinctions between these two categories are based on the desired material...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003190
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
... of some machining methods on fatigue strength, and low-stress grinding procedures for steels, nickel-base high-temperature alloys, and titanium alloys. lay direction metal removal operations surface finish surface integrity surface roughness A PART SURFACE has two important aspects...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1994
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05.a0001232
EISBN: 978-1-62708-170-2
... selection work material ABRASIVE FINISHING includes many commercial processes, which can be generally classified as rough grinding, precision grinding , or high-precision grinding. The distinctions among these categories are based on the desired material removal rates and the acceptable tolerance or...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1994
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05.a0001230
EISBN: 978-1-62708-170-2
..., precision, or rough, depending on the nature or scale of the output of the process, as shown in Fig. 3 . The technology drivers described earlier push the advancements in all these methods, and the directions for such advancements are also shown in Fig. 3 . The articles mentioned above describe these...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1994
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05.a0001241
EISBN: 978-1-62708-170-2
... simultaneous selection of the input parameters identified in Fig. 1 and Fig. 2 . Although this approach is common with metals grinding, the additional factor in ceramics grinding is the control of force per grain. Under such process interactions, selection of a suitable grinding cycle, including rough and...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 1995
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.emde.a0003055
EISBN: 978-1-62708-200-6
... applied to previously lapped surfaces to improve flatness, reduce surface roughness, remove damage to the surface caused by lapping or grinding, provide a reflective wear surface, and supply a clear finish for transparent materials such as glass optics. The equipment is basically the same as that used for...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 September 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05b.a0006016
EISBN: 978-1-62708-172-6
..., and chemical contaminants. When inspecting concrete prior to coating installation, three areas of concern exist: surface roughness, moisture content in concrete, and acidity/alkalinity of the surface. The article provides information on the industry standards for assessing surface cleanliness. It...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 12
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1987
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v12.a0001838
EISBN: 978-1-62708-181-8
... Abstract This article discusses the fractal characteristics of fracture surfaces as a means for describing and quantifying irregular, complex curves and surfaces of fractured materials. It describes the important relationship between the profile and surface roughness parameters that yield the...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003247
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
... removed, can obscure the true structure of the specimen being examined. In the traditional method, preparation entails grinding with 400 grit SiC abrasive, rough polishing with 9 μm diamond paste on a napless cloth and 0.3 μm Al 2 O 3 slurry on a medium-nap cloth, and final polishing with colloidal...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1994
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05.a0001238
EISBN: 978-1-62708-170-2
....). Table speed: 1 m/s. Corundum grinding wheel: A80K6V; diameter, 30 mm (1.2 in.); width, 8 mm (0.3 in.); speed, 40 m/s. Dressing: D 427 diamond cup wheel; speed ratio, 0.7; overlap, 40; infeed, 2 μm. Cooling: 4% emulsion. (a) Roughing. Relative metal removal rate (MRR), 6 mm 3 /mm · s; relative volume of...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003245
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
... papers with grit sizes of 80, 100, or 120 grit (depending upon the roughness and depth of damage of the cut surface), and it is followed by fine grinding on papers with grit sizes of 240, 320, 400, and 600 grit. Coarse grinding can be avoided if the surface being prepared is properly sectioned using an...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1994
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05.a0001305
EISBN: 978-1-62708-170-2
... operations for the grinding, polishing, and buffing of stainless steels. Table 8 Sequence of grinding, polishing, and buffing operations for stainless steels Operation Stage Wheels Grit size Abrasive Method Purpose Grinding Rough Solid wheels; rubber or bakelite bonded, soft body 20...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003244
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
... enough to use on specimen surfaces sectioned by an abrasive cut-off wheel. Hack-sawed, band-sawed, or other rough surfaces usually require abrasive grit sizes from 120 to 180 grit. The abrasive used for each succeeding grinding operation should be one or two grit sizes smaller than that used in the...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 September 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05b.a0006024
EISBN: 978-1-62708-172-6
... problems, causing inadequate thickness and coverage of the applied coating film. For these reasons, specifications may require the removal of weld spatter (using chisels or grinding wheels; Fig. 2 ) or the smoothing of rough welds prior to surface preparation. Fig. 1 Weld spatter (splatter...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1994
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05.a0001314
EISBN: 978-1-62708-170-2
.... Negative results are slight alloy depletion, typically of aluminum, molybdenum, and titanium constituents, on exposed surfaces; and slight intergranular attack on exposed surfaces. Grinding, often the first operation in a finishing sequence, is used to remove large surface imperfections and to rough-down...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003194
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
.... Abrasive grain size: Roughing 200–400 mesh, finishing 800–1000 mesh Abrasive carrier: Usually water mixed with about 50% of abrasive, by volume Tolerances Practical: ±0.001 in. Possible: 0.0005 in. (total) Surface Roughing: 25 R a Finishing: 10 R a No heat affected surface produced...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006765
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... analysis samples, a general procedure has been developed that is quite successful for preparing most metals and alloys. This method is based on grinding with SiC waterproof papers through a series of grits, then rough polishing with one or more diamond abrasive sizes, followed by fine polishing with one or...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 17
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2018
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v17.a0006476
EISBN: 978-1-62708-190-0
... other precision-made geometries. Production of gears involves processes including heat treatment, rough machining, grinding, shot peening, and many others. Physical defects, such as cracks, are often candidates for nondestructive techniques that include magnetic-particle inspection, eddy current ( Ref...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 1995
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.emde.a0003065
EISBN: 978-1-62708-200-6
... glass products, including forming, grinding and polishing, and explores the advantages, disadvantages and steps involved in sol-gel process. It also discusses the types, processes and properties of annealed, laminated, and tempered glass, and presents the steps involved in glass decoration. The article...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003189
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
... two cost divisions can be further subdivided into direct and indirect costs. In those cases where the influence of specific costs is great, it is possible to make a rough estimate of the savings without a complete cost analysis. In any event, the economic justification of cutting and grinding fluids...