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rotational molding

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Book Chapter

Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 1995
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.emde.a0003017
EISBN: 978-1-62708-200-6
... Abstract Rotational molding is a simple but unique process that has the capability of producing small to large hollow items with very uniform wall thicknesses. Providing an overview of the operating principles of rotational molding, this article discusses the key selection factors, including...
Book: Casting
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 15
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v15.a0005259
EISBN: 978-1-62708-187-0
... permanent molds and their production considerations. It describes the speed of rotation, mold speeds curves, and pouring techniques that are considered in the operation of vertical centrifugal casting machines. vertical centrifugal casting machines sand molds vertical centrifugal casting mold...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 1995
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.emde.a0003020
EISBN: 978-1-62708-200-6
... Abstract Resin transfer molding (RTM) and structural reaction injection molding (SRIM) are two similar processes that are well suited to the manufacture of large, complex, and high-performance structures. This article discusses the similarities and differences of RTM and SRIM processes and the...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003172
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
... molding of plastics, with metal charge material fed into a rotating screw cylinder, which heats the metal to the desired fraction solid and delivers it to the die cavity. Nonferrous alloys, most notably aluminum-base alloys, are processed by semisolid casting and forging. Fig. 23 Comparison of...
Book Chapter

Book: Casting
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 15
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v15.a0005243
EISBN: 978-1-62708-187-0
... machines deliver the sand into the mold at high velocity from a rotating impeller. Molds made by this method can have very high strengths because a very dense mold can be made. Density is a function of sand velocity and the thickness through which the high-velocity sand must compact previously placed sand...
Book: Casting
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 15
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v15.a0005252
EISBN: 978-1-62708-187-0
... for producing molds from 356 by 457 mm to 660 by 2032 mm (14 by 18 in. to 26 by 80 in.). With some machines, the pattern is clamped in place, and then pattern and dump box are rotated 180°. Other units employ a circular track that permits ntinuous and more rapid rotation of the pattern and dump box to...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 1995
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.emde.a0003016
EISBN: 978-1-62708-200-6
.... In the continuous blow-molding process, single or multiple heads are used to produce one or more parisons at the same time. Single- or multiple-cavity molds are rotated or shuttled in place to receive the parisons that are being extruded at a uniform rate. Once the mold closes, it is moved out of the...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 1995
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.emde.a0003014
EISBN: 978-1-62708-200-6
... sufficient amount of melt is available in front of the screw to fill the mold. At this stage, the screw rotation is stopped, and the machine is ready for injection. The stages in the operation of a reciprocating screw are shown in Fig. 2 . Fig. 2 Stages in the operation of a reciprocating-screw...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 1995
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.emde.a0003041
EISBN: 978-1-62708-200-6
... Abstract Autoclave molding is a process used to impart a controlled heat and pressure cycle cure to a layup. This article describes the materials used for preparing a layup, including peel ply, separator, bleeder, barrier, breather, dam, and vacuum bag. It describes the major elements and...
Book: Casting
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 15
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v15.a0005260
EISBN: 978-1-62708-187-0
... require mold retraction without rotation, the manually operated device shown in Fig. 2 can be used. With either type of device, the mold halves are separated manually after releasing the eccentric mold clamps. Fig. 2 Two types of manually operated permanent mold casting machines. (a) Simple book...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 1995
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.emde.a0003036
EISBN: 978-1-62708-200-6
... Abstract Wet lay-up using hand or spray techniques is one of the simplest methods of combining a fiber reinforcement with a solidifying resin to form a composite structure. This article describes several wet lay-up processes - including contact molding, spray molding, vacuum bag molding, and...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1994
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05.a0001273
EISBN: 978-1-62708-170-2
... Abstract Babbitting is a process by which relatively soft metals are bonded chemically or mechanically to a stronger shell or stiffener which supports the weight and torsion of a rotating, oscillating, or sliding shaft. This article focuses on workpiece preparation and babbitting methods. Prior...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003167
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
... Abstract A sliding bearing (plain bearing) is a machine element designed to transmit loads or reaction forces to a shaft that rotates relative to the bearing. This article explains the role of wear damage mechanisms in the design and selection of bearing materials, and its relationship with...
Book: Casting
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 15
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v15.a0005257
EISBN: 978-1-62708-187-0
... deLavaud, after whom the process was named. DeLavaud's invention eliminated the need for a central core in the pipe mold, and the mold was water cooled, allowing for a high rate of repeated use. The technique uses the centrifugal force generated by a rotating cylindrical mold to throw molten metal against...
Book: Casting
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 15
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v15.a0005242
EISBN: 978-1-62708-187-0
... corrective actions when necessary. A good sand control program, with knowledgeable personnel, can help to reduce material usage, scrap, and rework costs since most molding difficulties and casting defects are sand related. Considering the sand laboratory an entry-level job and rotating the people out as soon...
Book: Casting
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 15
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v15.a0009015
EISBN: 978-1-62708-187-0
... Abstract This article provides a general introduction on casting processes and design. It discusses the process steps and methods of the main categories of shape casting methods, namely, expendable molds with permanent patterns, expendable molds with expendable patterns, and metal or permanent...
Book: Casting
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 15
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v15.a0005258
EISBN: 978-1-62708-187-0
... solidification flanged shaft machine horizontal roller-type machine double-face plate machine pouring HORIZONTAL CENTRIFUGAL CASTING is used to cast parts having an axis of revolution. The technique uses the centrifugal force generated by a rotating cylindrical mold to force the molten metal against the...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 1995
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.emde.a0003018
EISBN: 978-1-62708-200-6
... Abstract Thermoforming is a manufacturing process in which thermoplastic sheets are heated, softened, clamped onto a mold, and made to conform to the shape of the mold or forming tool. It is ideally suited to large-volume runs of small items. This article focuses on major phases of...
Book: Casting
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 15
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v15.a0005337
EISBN: 978-1-62708-187-0
... discusses the types of molding methods, such as rammed graphite molding and lost-wax investment molding. The article provides information on the casting design, melting, postcasting, and pouring practices. It describes the microstructure and mechanical properties of Ti-6AI-4V alloy. The article examines the...
Book: Casting
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 15
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v15.a0005255
EISBN: 978-1-62708-187-0
... materials. It presents recommendations that which serve as a useful guide to the design of investment castings. The article tabulates the applications of the process and illustrates the Shellvest system for investment casting of small parts. It explains the manufacturing process of ceramic shell molds and...