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rotating shaft

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Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0001809
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... presents the variables of interest for a rotating shaft and the load-carrying capacity and surface roughness of bearings. Grooves and depressions are often provided in bearing surfaces to supply or feed lubricant to the load-carrying regions. The article explains the effect of contaminants in bearings...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0001808
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... cylindrical in shape and solid, but sometimes hollow—that is used to support rotating components or to transmit power or motion by rotary or axial movement. Even fasteners, such as bolts or studs, can be considered to be stationary shafts, usually with tensile forces, but sometimes combined with bending...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 22B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2010
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v22b.a0005515
EISBN: 978-1-62708-197-9
... Abstract Friction welding is based on the rapid introduction of heat, causing the temperature at the interface to rise sharply and leading to local softening. This article illustrates the basic principles of direct-drive rotational friction welding and inertia friction welding. Modeling...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 12
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1987
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v12.a0000608
EISBN: 978-1-62708-181-8
... surface. 2.5× (General Motors Research Laboratories) Fig. 473 Rotating bending fatigue fracture of an AISI 4817 shaft, carburized and hardened to 60 HRC on the surface. Fracture initiated in six fillet areas around the periphery, near the runouts of six grooves. Each fatigue area propagated...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0001810
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... by the field representative or bearing user regarding overheating, excessive noise, frequency of replacement, vibration, looseness, and resistance to shaft rotation. Before a failed bearing is removed from its housing, the orientation of the outer race with respect to the housing and that of the inner race...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 18
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 31 December 2017
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v18.a0006412
EISBN: 978-1-62708-192-4
... Abstract A sliding bearing (plain bearing) is a machine element designed to transmit loads or reaction forces to a shaft that rotates relative to the bearing. This article discusses the properties of bearing materials. It provides information on bearing material systems: single-metal systems...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003167
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
... Abstract A sliding bearing (plain bearing) is a machine element designed to transmit loads or reaction forces to a shaft that rotates relative to the bearing. This article explains the role of wear damage mechanisms in the design and selection of bearing materials, and its relationship...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1994
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05.a0001273
EISBN: 978-1-62708-170-2
... Abstract Babbitting is a process by which relatively soft metals are bonded chemically or mechanically to a stronger shell or stiffener which supports the weight and torsion of a rotating, oscillating, or sliding shaft. This article focuses on workpiece preparation and babbitting methods. Prior...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 4C
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 09 June 2014
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v04c.a0005864
EISBN: 978-1-62708-167-2
..., elongated geometry permits them to be rotated and scanned with relatively simple induction coils and equipment. Axle shafts normally transmit torque, so the stress is highest at the surface, which is exactly where induction hardening increases the hardness and strength. Likewise, axle shafts sometimes...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 4C
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 09 June 2014
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v04c.a0005847
EISBN: 978-1-62708-167-2
... Table 1 Deep-case axle-hardening parameters Parameter Value Shaft diameter 35 mm (1.37 in.) Case depths 2, 3.5, and 5 mm (0.07, 0.13, and 0.19 in.) Coil length 40 mm (1.57 in.) Nominal scan speed 20 mm/s (0.78 in./s) Nominal heat time 2 s Table 2 Typical...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 18
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 31 December 2017
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v18.a0006371
EISBN: 978-1-62708-192-4
... energized by a garter spring horizontally offset from the lip tip toward the low-pressure side, is pressed against a rotating shaft and obstructs fluid transportation (usually oil or grease) from left to right and ingress of contaminants such as water in the opposite direction. The main seal materials used...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 6
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1993
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v06.a0001383
EISBN: 978-1-62708-173-3
... Abstract In the friction surfacing process, a rotating consumable is brought into contact with a moving substrate, which results in a deposited layer on the substrate. This article describes the process as well as the equipment used. It also provides information on the applications...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 21
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2001
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v21.a0003416
EISBN: 978-1-62708-195-5
... (for tension control) on a shaft, the package should rotate in the direction that loosens the nut. (Otherwise, it will tighten the nut until the package is literally seized.) Portions of this article have been adapted from two previous articles on filament-winding by W.D. Humphrey and S.T. Peters...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003544
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... , with alternating stress intensity, Δ K , in steels, showing regions of primary crack-growth mechanisms. Source: Ref 5 The fatigue-crack-growth threshold, Δ K th , is an important design parameter for such applications as rotating shafts involving low-stress, high-frequency fatigue loading where...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 8
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2000
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v08.a0003263
EISBN: 978-1-62708-176-4
... at the fixed end of the torsion machine. Rotational displacement is measured electrically using a variable resistor or a differential capacitor or optically using photoelectric devices in combination with a perforated disk or an optically encoded shaft. The torsion machine uses a perforated disk with 120 holes...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 6
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1993
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v06.a0001381
EISBN: 978-1-62708-173-3
... Abstract Friction welding (FRW) can be divided into two major process variations: direct-drive or continuous-drive FRW and inertia-drive FRW. This article describes direct-drive FRW variables such as rotational speed, duration of rotation, and axial force and inertia-drive FRW variables...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 6
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1993
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v06.a0001382
EISBN: 978-1-62708-173-3
.... The applications that would be suitable for radial friction welding are: Attachment of collars to shafts Welding of rotating driving bands to artillery shells Attachment of wear/support rings onto cylindrical bodies Pipe joining at both land and offshore sites Fabrication of shafts or pipework...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 2B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v02b.a0006590
EISBN: 978-1-62708-210-5
... effects on physical and mechanical properties, and application characteristics of these alloys. Permanent-mold aluminum casting rotating-beam fatigue curves for 850.0-T101, 850.0-T5, and 852.0-T5 alloys are also presented. aluminum alloy 850.0 aluminum alloy 851.0 aluminum alloy 852.0 aluminum...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 4C
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 09 June 2014
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v04c.a0005865
EISBN: 978-1-62708-167-2
... (a) Non-encircling U-shaped inductors. (b) Close-up view of carbide guides that ride on the journal. Source: Ref 2 Fig. 9 Rotational-type crankshaft hardening machine with U-shaped inductors. Source: Ref 1 Fig. 10 Size, location, chamfering, and orientation of a hole in respect...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 18
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 31 December 2017
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v18.a0006429
EISBN: 978-1-62708-192-4
... the seal of the fluid. Turbomachinery has bearings to support the rotating shaft and seals at high speed and often suffers damage from the fluid. These problems and phenomena are very difficult and complicated, and include erosion and cavitation in relation to solid particles and air bubbles...