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rolling-element bearings

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Book Chapter

Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003099
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
... Abstract Rolling-element bearings, whether ball bearings or roller bearings with spherical, straight, or tapered rollers, are fabricated from a wide variety of steels. This article discusses the production process, characteristics, nominal compositions, and types of bearing steels. These...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006792
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... brief discussion on coatings to improve surface-initiated fatigue and wear is included, due to the similarity to RCF and the increasing criticality of this failure mode. The article presents a working knowledge of Hertzian contact theory, describes the life prediction of rolling-element bearings, and...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003167
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
... Abstract A sliding bearing (plain bearing) is a machine element designed to transmit loads or reaction forces to a shaft that rotates relative to the bearing. This article explains the role of wear damage mechanisms in the design and selection of bearing materials, and its relationship with...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 1995
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.emde.a0003061
EISBN: 978-1-62708-200-6
... valve components, rolling elements and bearings, paper and wire manufacturing, biomedical implants, heat exchangers, adiabatic diesel engines, advanced gas turbines, and aerospace applications. advanced ceramics aerospace applications mineral processing equipment structural applications...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 22A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2009
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v22a.a0005414
EISBN: 978-1-62708-196-2
... microstructural evolution in steels. It presents an example of the integration of finite element modeling and microstructural evolution models for the simulation of metal flow and microstructural evolution in a hot rolling process. microstructural evolution models steels hot rolling finite element...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003144
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
... Europe for the production of continuously cast bearing stock. They are also used for sliding elements, hydraulic components, worm wheels, roller bearing cages, and several other products. A series of Cosmal alloys, specifically formulated for applications requiring high damping, have been developed in...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003134
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
... surface cracking, porosity problems, and the formation of internal cavities, small amounts of alloying elements (such as beryllium, silicon, nickel, tin, zinc, and chromium) are used to improve the casting characteristics of copper. Larger amounts of alloying elements are added for property improvement...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003091
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
... in a blast furnace from iron ore, limestone, and coal (coke) (see Fig. 1(a) ). Because it contains excessively high levels of silicon, manganese, carbon, and other elements, this liquid iron, together with scrap and fluxing agents, is then introduced into either a basic oxygen furnace or electric...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 4E
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2016
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v04e.a0006275
EISBN: 978-1-62708-169-6
... in hardness generally improves as the difference between the atomic radius of the solute and the atomic radius of lead increases. Specifically, in one study of possible binary lead alloys it was found that the following elements, in the order listed, provided successively greater amounts of solid...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003145
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
... usually employed in conjunction with hardened steel or ductile iron crankshafts and allow significantly higher loading than tin- or lead-base bearing alloys. Low-tin aluminum-base alloys (5 to 7% Sn) containing small amounts of strengthening elements, such as copper and nickel, are often used for...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 23
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v23.a0005674
EISBN: 978-1-62708-198-6
... this article. Titanium is a low-density element (approximately 60% of the density of steel) that can be readily strengthened by alloying and deformation processing. Titanium alloys have yield strengths twice that of stainless steel and the highest specific strength (strength-to-weight ratio) of any...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1994
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05.a0001236
EISBN: 978-1-62708-170-2
... the surface. A major factor is the action of the cutting tool on the material. Elements such as tool shape, speed, feed, and cutting fluid can be varied to affect the surface topography. Other factors affecting the surface are the instability of the cutting tool due to chatter or imbalance in the...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 4B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 September 2014
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v04b.a0005950
EISBN: 978-1-62708-166-5
... simulation of heat treatment processes has proved that it can be a powerful tool to reach those objectives. Mathematical models and computer codes for simulation of hardening processes have been developed in academia since the late 1970s, and commercial finite-element analysis (FEA) software has been around...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13b.a0003818
EISBN: 978-1-62708-183-2
... behavior similar to that of the predominant metal. Both metals are attacked by acids and alkalis, but the presence of lead, which forms many more insoluble compounds than tin, creates further possibilities for the formation of protective layers in near-neutral aqueous media. The addition of other elements...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 14A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v14a.a0004009
EISBN: 978-1-62708-185-6
... approximately valid for the rolled shape being considered. With advances in finite-element analysis in the 1980s and 1990s, very accurate predictions of material spread, elongation, rolling loads, and torques can be obtained using finite-element models ( Ref 6 , Ref 7 , Ref 8 , Ref 9...
Book Chapter

By Robert Bolin
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 14A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v14a.a0003982
EISBN: 978-1-62708-185-6
... roll particular ring types and materials can also be determined. Studies of ring rolling are ongoing in many locations, including the United States, Germany, and Japan. Due to the availability of ever-increasing computer computation power, dramatic gains have been made in the area of finite-element...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 14A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v14a.a0004012
EISBN: 978-1-62708-185-6
... rolling of internal threads requires dies of comparatively small diameter, which greatly limits die life and the load-carrying capabilities of die bearings and spindles. As a result, internal thread rolling is limited in its use. However, it has been used successfully for forming helical fins on the...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003136
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
..., and those used in semiconductor packaging operations. Thermal and electrical conductivities and room-temperature mechanical properties are unaffected by small additions of these elements. However, cadmium-copper and zirconium-copper work harden at higher rates than either silver-bearing copper or...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 4E
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2016
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v04e.a0006278
EISBN: 978-1-62708-169-6
... these elements. However, cadmium-copper and zirconium-copper work harden at higher rates than either silver-bearing copper or ETP copper. If good machinability is required, C14500 (tellurium-bearing copper) or C14700 (sulfur-bearing copper) can be selected. As may be expected, machinability is gained at...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.9781627081801
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1